Portal:Metro Detroit Article

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Introduction

The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is a major metropolitan area in the U.S. State of Michigan, consisting of the city of Detroit and its surrounding area. There are varied definitions of the area, including the official statistical areas designated by the Office of Management and Budget, a federal agency of the United States. Metro Detroit is known for its automotive heritage, arts, entertainment, popular music, and sports. The area includes a variety of natural landscapes, parks, and beaches, with a recreational coastline linking the Great Lakes. Metro Detroit is also one of the nation's largest metropolitan economies, with seventeen Fortune 500 companies.

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The city name comes from the Detroit River (French: le détroit du Lac Érie), meaning the strait of Lake Erie, linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie; in the historical context, the strait included Lake St. Clair and the St. Clair River. Traveling up the Detroit River on the ship Le Griffon (owned by La Salle), Father Louis Hennepin noted the north bank of the river as an ideal location for a settlement. There, in 1701, the French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, along with fifty-one additional French-Canadians, founded a settlement called Fort Ponchartrain du Détroit, naming it after the comte de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine under Louis XIV. France offered free land to attract families to Detroit, which grew to 800 people in 1765, the largest city between Montreal and New Orleans. Francois Marie Picoté, sieur de Belestre (Montreal 1719–1793) was the last French military commander at Fort Detroit (1758–1760), surrendering the fort on November 29, 1760 to British Major Robert Rogers (of Rogers' Rangers fame and sponsor of the Jonathan Carver expedition to St. Anthony Falls). The British gained control of the area in 1760 and were thwarted by an Indian attack three years later during Pontiac's Rebellion. The region's fur trade was an important economic activity. Detroit's city flag reflects this French heritage.

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Anna Gordy Gaye is an American songwriter and composer, known as the elder sister of Motown founder Berry Gordy and the first wife of soul legend Marvin Gaye, who used their troubled marriage as the focal point of his critically acclaimed 1978 effort, Here, My Dear, an album in which Gordy agreed to receive royalties on due to their divorce court proceedings.

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Guardian Building interior
Credit: Funnyhat

The Guardian Building is a National Historic Landmark in the Detroit Financial District.

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Detroit is the largest city in the state of Michigan and the central city of the Metro Detroit area. A major port city on the Detroit River, it is most well known for its manufacturing of automobiles. It is just across the river from Windsor, Ontario.

Detroit was founded in 1701 by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac as a fort, and its original name was Fort Ponchartrain du Detroit. The name was later shortened to Detroit during the French and Indian War. After the United States became a nation and Michigan Territory was established, Detroit became the capital of Michigan from 1805 to 1847. During the War of 1812, Detroit fell to the British in the Siege of Detroit, only to be returned after the war ended. Almost a century after this, the automobile industry expanded around Detroit, making it the automobile capital of the world.

Detroit is known for its skyscrapers, the tallest of which are the central tower of the Renaissance Center, One Detroit Center, and the Penobscot Building in the Detroit Financial District. It is also known for its architecture and National Historic Landmarks such as Cadillac Place, the Fisher Building, the Fox Theatre and the Guardian Building. The city is a renowned arts and entertainment center featuring the Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit Symphony Orchestra based at Orchestra Hall, and theatre in Detroit. Detroit is the largest city and metropolitan region in the United States to offer casino resorts which include Greektown Casino, MGM Grand Detroit, and Motor City Casino. Professional sports, the Detroit Tigers - Major League Baseball, Detroit Lions - National Football League, Detroit Pistons - National Basketball Association, and the Detroit Red Wings - National Hockey League have brought it a reputation as a 'city of champions'.

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