Maryland ( (
MAIR-ih-lənd) is a
state in the
Mid-Atlantic region of the
United States, bordering
West Virginia, and the
District of Columbia to its south and west;
Pennsylvania to its north; and
Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is
Baltimore, and its capital is
Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are
Old Line State, the Free State, and the
Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen
Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.
Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties, as well as the city of Baltimore, border the tidal waters of the
Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U.S., it features a variety of climates and topographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography, culture, and history combines elements of the
South Atlantic regions of the country.
The Wire is an
television drama set and produced in
Maryland. Created, produced, and primarily written by
author and former police reporter
David Simon, the series is broadcast by the
HBO in the United States. The Wire premiered on June 2, 2002, with
50 episodes airing over the course of its first four seasons. The fifth season, which Simon has said will be the show's last, premiered on January 6, 2008.
The plot of the first season centers on the ongoing struggles between
police units and drug-dealing gangs on the west side of the city, and is told from both points of view. Subsequent seasons have focused on other facets of the city. The large cast consists mainly of
character actors who are little known for their other roles. Simon has said that despite its presentation as a
crime drama, the show is "really about the American city, and about how we live together. It's about how institutions have an effect on individuals, and how... whether you're a cop, a longshoreman, a drug dealer, a politician, a judge [or] lawyer, you are ultimately compromised and must contend with whatever institution you've committed to."
The Wire has received critical acclaim for its realistic portrayal of urban life and uncommonly deep exploration of sociological themes, and has been called the best show on television by
The Guardian, the
San Francisco Chronicle and the
Philadelphia Daily News.
Ellicott City Station, on the original B&O Railroad line, is the oldest remaining passenger station in the United States. The rail line is still used by
CSX Transportation for freight trains, and the station is now a museum.
Comte du Bourg (left) and Baron von Closen on their way to Yorktown, September 1781
Physical regions of Maryland
Tidal wetlands of the
Chesapeake Bay, the largest
estuary in the United States and the largest water feature in Maryland.
Agriculture is an important part of the state's economy.
Typical brackish tidal river. Sunset over a marsh at Cardinal Cove on the
The reverse side of the Maryland quarter shows the dome of the State House in Annapolis.
Geographic regions of Maryland
A map of Köppen climate types in Maryland
Maryland's population is concentrated mostly in the Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas.
The beach resort town of Ocean City along the Atlantic Ocean is a popular tourist destination in Maryland.
American Film Institute Silver Theater
Winter in Baltimore, Lancaster Street, Fells Point
In the news
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George Herman Ruth, Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948), also popularly known as "Babe", "The Bambino", and "The Sultan of Swat", was an
baseball player from
1935. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest baseball players in history. Many polls place him as the number one player of all time.
Although he spent most of his career as an
outfielder with the
New York Yankees, Ruth began his career as a successful
starting pitcher for the
Boston Red Sox. He compiled an 89-46
loss record during his time with the Red Sox and set several
World Series pitching records. In 1918, Ruth started to play in the
outfield and at
first base so he could help the team on a day-to-day basis as a hitter. In
1919, appearing in 111 games as an outfielder, he hit 29
home runs to break
Ned Williamson's record for a single season.
1920, Red Sox owner
Harry Frazee sold Ruth to the New York Yankees. In his next 15 seasons in New York, Ruth led the league or placed in the top ten in
total bases, home runs,
walks several times. Ruth's 60 home runs in 1927 was the single season home run record for 34 years until it was broken by
Roger Maris. Ruth's lifetime total of 714 home runs was once considered one of
Major League Baseball's "unbreakable" records, but
Hank Aaron broke it in 1974. In contrast, after he was sold from the Red Sox, the Red Sox franchise floundered for decades after having been previously the most successful major league team prior to the trade. This great disparity of success between the Yankees and Red Sox eventually led to a superstition that was dubbed the "
Curse of the Bambino", a "curse" that effectively ended in 2004 when the Red Sox won their first World Series title in 86 years.
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