MERR-əl-ənd) is a
state in the
Mid-Atlantic region of the
United States, bordering
West Virginia, and the
District of Columbia to its south and west;
Pennsylvania to its north; and
Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is
Baltimore, and its capital is
Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are
Old Line State, the Free State, and the
Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen
Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.
Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties border the tidal waters of the
Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U.S., it features a variety of climates and typographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography, culture, and history combines elements of the
South Atlantic regions of the country.
Maryland is a
U.S. state with a musical heritage that dates back to the
Native Americans of the region and includes contributions to
colonial era music, modern
American popular and
folk music. The
music of Maryland includes a number of popular musicians, folk styles and a documented music history that dates to the colonial archives on music from
Annapolis, an important source in research on colonial music. Famous modern musicians from Maryland range from jazz singer
Billie Holiday to
pop punk band
Good Charlotte, and include a wide array of popular styles.
Modern Maryland is home to many well-regarded music venues, including the
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and
Baltimore Opera, and the
Peabody Institute's Conservatory of Music. Baltimore, the largest city in the state, is home to many important local venues, such as the Red Room, a center for the local
experimental music scene, and the
house nightspot Club Choices. Outside of Baltimore, Frederick's
Weinberg Center for the Arts and Rockville's
Strathmore are also important regional venues. The
Merriweather Post Pavilion hosts most of the largest concerts in the area, while the annual
HFStival is one of the most consistently popular concerts in the DC metropolitan area.
Ellicott City Station, on the original B&O Railroad line, is the oldest remaining passenger station in the United States. The rail line is still used by
CSX Transportation for freight trains, and the station is now a museum.
Agriculture is an important part of the state's economy
Geographic regions of Maryland
The reverse side of the Maryland quarter shows the dome of the State House in Annapolis.
Typical brackish tidal river. Sunset over a marsh at Cardinal Cove on the
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.
A map of Köppen climate types in Maryland
Winter in Baltimore, Lancaster Street, Fells Point
Comte du Bourg (left) and Baron von Closen on their way to Yorktown, September 1781
Physical regions of Maryland
The beach resort town of Ocean City along the Atlantic Ocean is a popular tourist destination in Maryland
Tidal wetlands of the
Chesapeake Bay, the largest
estuary in the United States and the largest water feature in Maryland.
American Film Institute Silver Theater
Maryland's population is concentrated mostly in the Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas.
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Alger Hiss (November 11, 1904 – November 15, 1996) was a
U.S. State Department official involved in the establishment of the
United Nations. He was accused of being a
Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of
perjury in connection with this charge in 1950. Evidence revealed after Hiss's conviction has added a variety of information to the case, and the question of his guilt or innocence remains controversial. Some reliable sources have suggested that those who believe in Hiss's innocence are in the minority of scholarly opinion.
Baltimore, to Mary Lavinia Hughes and Charles Alger Hiss, Alger Hiss's early life was repeatedly marred by tragedy. His father committed suicide when Alger was 2 years old, his older brother Bosley died of
Bright's disease when Alger was 22, and he lost his sister Mary Ann to suicide when he was 25. His father had been a middle class wholesale grocer, and after his death Mary Hiss relied largely on family members for financial support in raising her five children. The Hiss family lived in a Baltimore neighborhood that was described as one of "shabby gentility."
Hiss was educated at
Baltimore City College high school and
Johns Hopkins University, where he graduated
Phi Beta Kappa and was voted "most popular student" by his classmates. In 1929, he received his law degree from
Harvard Law School, where he was a protégé of
Felix Frankfurter, the future Supreme Court justice. Before joining a
Boston law firm, he served for a year as clerk to Supreme Court Justice
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. That same year, Hiss married the former Mrs. Priscilla Hobson, a
Bryn Mawr graduate who would later work as a grade school English teacher.
In 1933, he entered government service, working in several areas as an attorney in President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's
New Deal, starting with the
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). Hiss worked for the
Nye Committee, which investigated and documented wartime profiteering by military contractors during World War I, and served briefly in the
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