MERR-əl-ənd) is a
state in the
Mid-Atlantic region of the
United States, bordering
West Virginia, and the
District of Columbia to its south and west;
Pennsylvania to its north; and
Delaware to its east. The state's largest city is
Baltimore, and its capital is
Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are
Old Line State, the Free State, and the
Chesapeake Bay State. It is named after the English queen
Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.
Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties border the tidal waters of the
Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U.S., it features a variety of climates and topographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography, culture, and history combines elements of the
South Atlantic regions of the country.
Maryland is a
U.S. state with a musical heritage that dates back to the
Native Americans of the region and includes contributions to
colonial era music, modern
American popular and
folk music. The
music of Maryland includes a number of popular musicians, folk styles and a documented music history that dates to the colonial archives on music from
Annapolis, an important source in research on colonial music. Famous modern musicians from Maryland range from jazz singer
Billie Holiday to
pop punk band
Good Charlotte, and include a wide array of popular styles.
Modern Maryland is home to many well-regarded music venues, including the
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra and
Baltimore Opera, and the
Peabody Institute's Conservatory of Music. Baltimore, the largest city in the state, is home to many important local venues, such as the Red Room, a center for the local
experimental music scene, and the
house nightspot Club Choices. Outside of Baltimore, Frederick's
Weinberg Center for the Arts and Rockville's
Strathmore are also important regional venues. The
Merriweather Post Pavilion hosts most of the largest concerts in the area, while the annual
HFStival is one of the most consistently popular concerts in the DC metropolitan area.
Agriculture is an important part of the state's economy
Physical regions of Maryland
The reverse side of the Maryland quarter shows the dome of the State House in Annapolis.
Winter in Baltimore, Lancaster Street, Fells Point
Ellicott City Station, on the original B&O Railroad line, is the oldest remaining passenger station in the United States. The rail line is still used by
CSX Transportation for freight trains, and the station is now a museum.
The beach resort town of Ocean City along the Atlantic Ocean is a popular tourist destination in Maryland
Tidal wetlands of the
Chesapeake Bay, the largest
estuary in the United States and the largest water feature in Maryland.
Maryland's population is concentrated mostly in the Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas.
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.
American Film Institute Silver Theater
A map of Köppen climate types in Maryland
Typical brackish tidal river. Sunset over a marsh at Cardinal Cove on the
Comte du Bourg (left) and Baron von Closen on their way to Yorktown, September 1781
Geographic regions of Maryland
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of Poe taken when he was 39, a year before his death.
Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an
literary critic, and one of the leaders of the American
Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of
mystery and the
macabre, Poe was one of the early American practitioners of the short story and a progenitor of
detective fiction and
crime fiction. He is also credited with contributing to the emergent
science fiction genre.
Boston, Edgar Poe's parents died when he was still young and he was taken in by John and Frances Allan of
Richmond, Virginia. Raised there and for a few years in
England, Poe grew up in relative wealth, though he was never formally adopted by the Allans. After a short period at the
University of Virginia and a brief attempt at a military career, Poe and the Allans parted ways. Poe's publishing career began humbly with an anonymous collection of poems called
Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only "by a Bostonian." Poe moved to
Baltimore to live with blood-relatives and switched his focus from poetry to prose. In July 1835, he became assistant editor of the
Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond, where he helped increase subscriptions and began developing his own style of literary criticism. That year he also married
Virginia Clemm, his 13-year old cousin.
After an unsuccessful novel
The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, Poe produced his first collection of short stories,
Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque in 1839. That year Poe became editor of
Burton's Gentleman's Magazine and, later,
Graham's Magazine in
Philadelphia. It was in Philadelphia that many of his most well-known works would be published. In that city, Poe also planned on starting his own journal, The Penn (later renamed
The Stylus), though it would never come to be. In February 1844, he moved to
New York City and worked with the
Broadway Journal, a magazine of which he would eventually become sole owner.
In January 1845, Poe published "
The Raven" to instant success but, only two years later, his wife Virginia died of
tuberculosis on January 30, 1847. Poe considered remarrying but never did. On October 7, 1849, Poe died at the age of 40 in Baltimore. The cause of his death is undetermined and has been attributed to
suicide (although likely to be mistaken with his suicide attempt in the previous year),
heart disease, brain congestion and other agents.
Poe's legacy includes a significant influence in literature in the United States and around the world as well as in specialized fields like cosmology and
cryptography. Additionally, Poe and his works appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, television, video games, etc. Some of his homes are dedicated as museums today.
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