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Portal:Islam Information

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Introduction

Islam ( /ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: اَلْإِسْلَامُ‎, romanizedal-’Islām, [ɪsˈlaːm] ( About this sound listen) "submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that Muhammad is the final and ultimate messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is one, merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, as well as the teachings and actions (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad ( c. 570 – 632  CE).

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran in Arabic to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and the unrighteous punished in hell. Religious practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, as well as following Islamic law ( sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

From a historical point of view, Islam originated in early 7th century CE in the Arabian Peninsula, in Mecca, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate extended from Iberia in West to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates and states such as the Ottoman Empire, trade, and conversion to Islam by missionary activities ( dawah). ( Full article...)

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Islam in the news

25 November 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Foreign Minister AK Abdul Momen and Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen test positive for COVID-19 and will cancel their trip to Niamey, Niger to attend the 47th OIC meeting of Foreign Ministers. (Dhaka Tribune)
24 November 2020 – 2020 Lugano stabbing
Two people are wounded after being stabbed at a store in Lugano, Switzerland. The attacker is a woman with ties to jihadist terrorism. The incident is being investigated as a terror attack. (BBC)
22 November 2020 – Insurgency in the Maghreb
Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) names Algerian Islamist Abu Obaida Yusuf al-Annabi as its new leader, following the death of Abdelmalek Droukdel during the Battle of Talahandak in June. Al-Annabi has been on the U.S. "international terrorist" blacklist since September 2015, and he has regularly appeared in jihadist propaganda videos. (Al Jazeera)
21 November 2020 – War in Afghanistan
A rocket attack on residential areas in the Afghan capital Kabul kills at least eight people and injures 31 others. The Islamic State claims responsibility for the attack. (BBC)
13 November 2020 – Alcohol in Indonesia
Twenty-one lawmakers from staunchly conservative Islamic parties, the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) and the Development Unity Party (PPP), re-initiate their argument at the parliament to have the Bill on the Prohibition of Alcoholic Drinks passed into law. The bill has stalled in parliament ever since it was initiated by the same group in 2015. (Coconuts)

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Abū Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī (c. 801–873 CE), also known to the West by the Latinized version of his name Alkindus, was an Arab polymath: an Islamic philosopher, scientist, astrologer, astronomer, cosmologist, chemist, logician, mathematician, musician, physician, physicist, psychologist, and meteorologist. Al-Kindi was the first of the Muslim Peripatetic philosophers, and is known for his efforts to introduce Greek and Hellenistic philosophy to the Arab world, and as a pioneer in chemistry, cryptography, medicine, music theory, physics, psychology, and the philosophy of science. Al-Kindi was a descendant of the Kinda tribe. He was born and educated in Kufa, before pursuing further studies in Baghdad. Al-Kindi became a prominent figure in the House of Wisdom, and a number of Abbasid Caliphs appointed him to oversee the translation of Greek scientific and philosophical texts into the Arabic language. This contact with "the philosophy of the ancients" (as Greek and Hellenistic philosophy was often referred to by Muslim scholars) had a profound effect on his intellectual development, and led him to write original treatises on subjects ranging from Islamic ethics and metaphysics to Islamic mathematics and pharmacology.


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The name of the 12th Shiite Imam as it appears in calligraphy at the Prophet's mosque, Masjid Nabawai in Madina
Whenever an authority disappears, another one appears; and if a star sets, another one rises.

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