Welcome to the Heraldry and Vexillology Portal!
Vexillology (from the Latin vexillum, a flag or banner) is the scholarly study of
flags, including the creation and development of a body of knowledge about flags of all types, their forms and functions, and of scientific theories and principles based on that knowledge. Flags were originally used to assist military coordination on the battlefield, and have evolved into a general tool for signalling and identification, particularly identification of countries.
Heraldry encompasses all of the duties of a
herald, including the
art of designing, displaying, describing and recording
coats of arms and
badges, as well as the formal ceremonies and laws that regulate the use and inheritance of arms. The origins of heraldry lie in the
medieval need to distinguish participants in
jousts, whose faces were hidden by steel
Selected coat of arms
The flag of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, was first used in
mainland China by the
Chinese Nationalist Party) in 1917 and was made the official flag of the ROC in 1928. It was enshrined in the 6th article of the
Constitution of the Republic of China when it was promulgated in 1947. Since 1949, the flag is mostly used within
Taiwan where the Republic of China relocated after having lost the
Chinese Civil War to the
People's Republic of China.
In Chinese, the flag is commonly described as Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth (
pinyin: Qīng Tiān, Bái Rì, Mǎn Dì Hóng) to reflect its attributes. The
canton (upper corner on the hoist side) originated from the "
Blue Sky with a White Sun flag" proposed by
Lu Hao-tung in 1895 and adopted as the KMT party flag. The "red earth" portion was added by
Sun Yat-sen in 1906. After the
Republican revolution, the provisional Senate selected the "Five-Colored Flag" as the national flag in 1912. After President
Yuan Shikai suppressed the KMT, Sun Yat-sen established a government-in-exile in
Tokyo and eventually a rival government in
Guangzhou in 1917, using the KMT flag as the national ROC flag. This flag was made the official national flag on December 17, 1928 after the
Northern Expedition toppled the
Beiyang government. (