Asia () is
Earth's largest and most populous
continent, located primarily in the
Hemispheres. It shares the continental
Eurasia with the continent of
Europe and the continental landmass of
Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and
Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the
human population, was the site of many of the
first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people () constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.
In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the
Pacific Ocean, on the south by the
Indian Ocean, and on the north by the
Arctic Ocean. The border of Asia with Europe is a historical and
cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. It is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in
classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects
East–West cultural, linguistic, and ethnic differences, some of which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the
Suez Canal separating it from Africa; and to the east of the
Turkish Straits, the
Ural Mountains and
Ural River, and to the south of the
Caucasus Mountains and the
Black Seas, separating it from Europe.
India alternated in being the
largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, and for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia, attracting European commerce, exploration and colonialism. The accidental discovery of a trans-Atlantic route from Europe to America by Columbus while in search for a route to India demonstrates this deep fascination. The
Silk Road became the main east–west trading route in the Asian hinterlands while the
Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route. Asia has exhibited economic dynamism (particularly East Asia) as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including
Sikhism, as well as many other religions.
The Taj Mahal (Hindi: ताज महल, from Persian/Urdu: تاج محل "crown of palaces") is a white Marble
mausoleum located in
India. It was built by
Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife,
Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
South Korea (
RR: Hanguk; literally
RR: Namhan, or
MR: Namchosŏn in North Korean usage), officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean:
RR: Daehan Minguk), is a country in
East Asia, constituting the southern part of the
Korean Peninsula, and sharing a land border with
North Korea. 25 million people, over half of the country's population of more than 51 million people, live in the
Seoul Capital Area, the
fifth-largest metropolitan area in the world.
The Korean Peninsula was inhabited as early as the
was noted in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE. Following the unification of the
Three Kingdoms of Korea
in the late 7th century, Korea was ruled by the
(918–1392) and the
(1392–1897). The succeeding
Empire of Japan
in 1910. After
World War II
, Korea was
into Soviet and U.S.-administered zones, with the latter becoming the Republic of Korea in August 1948. In 1950, a
invasion began the
and after its end in 1953, the country's economy began to soar, recording the
fastest rise in average GDP per capita
in the world between 1980 and 1990. The
led to the
end of authoritarian rule in 1987
and the country is now the
most advanced democracy
and has the highest level of
in Asia. South Korea is a member of the
Development Assistance Committee
Oerip in uniform,
Oerip Soemohardjo (
Perfected Spelling: Urip Sumoharjo, 22 February 1893 – 17 November 1948) was an Indonesian general and the first chief of staff of the
Indonesian National Armed Forces. He received several awards from the Indonesian government, including the title
National Hero of Indonesia in 1964.
Dutch East Indies
, Oerip exhibited leadership skills from an early age. As his parents wanted him to become a
, after elementary school Oerip was sent to the School for Native Government Employees in
. His mother died during his second year at the school, and Oerip left to undertake military training in
(modern-day Jatinegara, Jakarta). Upon graduating in 1914, he became a lieutenant in the
Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
; during almost 25 years of service he was stationed on three different islands and promoted several times, eventually becoming the highest-ranking
officer in the country.
In the news
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Updated: 17:33, 28 October 2020
Sino-Roman relations comprised the mostly indirect contact, flow of trade goods, information, and occasional travellers between the
Roman Empire and
Han Empire of China, as well as between the later
Eastern Roman Empire and various
Chinese dynasties. These empires inched progressively closer in the course of the Roman expansion into the
ancient Near East and simultaneous Han Chinese military incursions into
Central Asia. Mutual awareness remained low, and firm knowledge about each other was limited. Only a few attempts at direct contact are known from records. Intermediate empires such as the
Kushans, seeking to maintain lucrative control over the silk trade, inhibited direct contact between these two
Eurasian powers. In 97 AD, the
Ban Chao tried to send his envoy
Gan Ying to
Rome, but Gan was dissuaded by
Parthians from venturing beyond the
Persian Gulf. Several alleged Roman emissaries to China were recorded by ancient Chinese historians. The first one on record, supposedly from either the Roman emperor
Antoninus Pius or his adopted son
Marcus Aurelius, arrived in 166 AD. Others are recorded as arriving in 226 and 284 AD, with a long absence until the first recorded
Byzantine embassy in 643 AD.
The indirect exchange of goods on land along the
and high-quality cloth.
minted from the 1st century AD onwards have been found in China, as well as a coin of
from the reigns of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius in
in modern Vietnam, the same region at which Chinese sources claim the Romans first landed. Roman glassware and silverware have been discovered at Chinese archaeological sites dated to the
. Roman coins and glass beads have also been found in Japan.
Did you know...
Updated: 11:33, 28 October 2020
The following are images from various Asia-related articles on Wikipedia.
Population concentration and boundaries of the
Western Zhou dynasty in China
Map of Marco Polo's travels
Contemporary political map of Asia
The Russian Znamensky Cathedral in
Tyumen built in 1768
Chicken tikka, a well-known dish across the globe, reflects the amalgamation of South Asian cooking styles with those from
Sun temple at Konarka, Odisha
The Qing Empire in 1820, marked the time when the Qing began to rule these areas.
Here a Jesuit, Adam Schall von Bell (1592–1666), is dressed as an official of the Chinese Department of Astronomy.
The third Inter-Korean Summit, which was held in 2018, between South Korean president
Moon Jae-in and North Korean supreme leader
Kim Jong-un. It was a historical event that symbolized the peace of Asia.
The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
East Asian cultural sphere
Byzantine and Sassanian Empires in 600 AD
Map of Asia for early 20th century
A Confucian ritual ceremony in
Jeju, South Korea
Language families in South Asia
Korean peninsula in 476 AD. There are three kingdoms and Gaya Union in the picture. This picture shows the heyday of
Daian-ji temple at Nara, Japan
Detail of Chinese
silk from the 4th century BCE. The characteristic trade of silk through the
Silk Road connected various regions from China, India, Central Asia, and the Middle East to Europe and Africa.
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