Peoria County, Illinois Article

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Peoria County, Illinois
Peoria - Downtown from Caterpillar, Courthouse Square, First National Bank and Savings Tower.jpg
Seal of Peoria County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Peoria County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1825
Named for Peoria tribe
Seat Peoria
Largest cityPeoria
Area
 • Total631 sq mi (1,634 km2)
 • Land619 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.8%
Population
 • ( 2010)186,494
 • Density301/sq mi (116/km2)
Congressional districts 17th, 18th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.co.peoria.il.us

Peoria County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 186,494. [1] Its county seat is Peoria. [2]

Peoria County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there. It included most of the western valley of the Illinois River up to the Chicago river portage.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.8%) is water. [4] The county is drained by Spoon River, Kickapoo Creek, Elbow Creek, and Copperas Creek. [5]

Climate and weather

Peoria, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.8
 
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.2
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
60
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.2
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.1
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.8
 
 
64
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Peoria have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1884 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.50 inches (38 mm) in January to 4.17 inches (106 mm) in May. [6]

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Major highways

Defunct highways

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in the county: [7]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18406,153
185017,547185.2%
186036,601108.6%
187047,54029.9%
188055,35516.4%
189070,37827.1%
190088,60825.9%
1910100,25513.1%
1920111,71011.4%
1930141,34426.5%
1940153,3748.5%
1950174,34713.7%
1960189,0448.4%
1970195,3183.3%
1980200,4662.6%
1990182,827−8.8%
2000183,4330.3%
2010186,4941.7%
Est. 2017183,011 [8]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 186,494 people, 75,793 households, and 47,248 families residing in the county. [13] The population density was 301.2 inhabitants per square mile (116.3/km2). There were 83,034 housing units at an average density of 134.1 per square mile (51.8/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% white, 17.7% black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.8% of the population. [13] In terms of ancestry, 28.3% were German, 14.8% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.5% were American. [14]

Of the 75,793 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.7% were non-families, and 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 36.8 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,747 and the median income for a family was $63,163. Males had a median income of $51,246 versus $32,881 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,157. About 10.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Points of interest

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

School districts

Notable residents

People from Peoria County other than in the city of Peoria:

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 45.1% 35,633 48.1% 38,060 6.8% 5,409
2012 46.9% 36,774 51.3% 40,209 1.8% 1,428
2008 42.3% 34,579 56.2% 45,906 1.5% 1,219
2004 49.6% 41,051 49.7% 41,121 0.7% 599
2000 47.4% 36,398 50.3% 38,604 2.4% 1,810
1996 41.8% 30,990 50.5% 37,383 7.7% 5,729
1992 37.8% 30,718 46.9% 38,099 15.4% 12,511
1988 51.4% 37,605 48.1% 35,253 0.5% 372
1984 55.0% 45,607 44.4% 36,830 0.6% 462
1980 57.3% 47,815 33.9% 28,276 8.9% 7,419
1976 56.7% 46,526 42.1% 34,606 1.2% 991
1972 64.5% 50,324 34.9% 27,264 0.6% 444
1968 50.0% 37,021 41.8% 30,937 8.3% 6,147
1964 41.3% 33,327 58.7% 47,360 0.0% 0
1960 53.8% 45,529 46.1% 39,061 0.1% 86
1956 62.7% 50,888 37.2% 30,145 0.1% 108
1952 59.1% 49,245 40.7% 33,955 0.2% 139
1948 52.8% 35,018 46.8% 31,026 0.5% 308
1944 50.8% 34,171 48.8% 32,837 0.4% 243
1940 45.2% 34,911 54.4% 42,009 0.4% 301
1936 34.0% 25,425 64.2% 48,063 1.8% 1,377
1932 39.5% 25,166 59.0% 37,605 1.5% 945
1928 56.5% 31,024 42.2% 23,150 1.4% 739
1924 58.6% 25,243 14.7% 6,343 26.7% 11,526
1920 66.0% 24,541 25.4% 9,453 8.6% 3,188
1916 48.4% 18,615 48.7% 18,718 3.0% 1,145
1912 41.9% 9,229 38.0% 8,364 20.1% 4,427
1908 52.5% 10,828 43.1% 8,898 4.4% 909
1904 62.0% 11,868 29.8% 5,697 8.2% 1,570
1900 51.8% 10,700 45.7% 9,433 2.5% 514
1896 52.7% 10,486 45.6% 9,068 1.7% 344
1892 45.6% 7,266 50.6% 8,053 3.8% 605

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Peoria County, Illinois".
  3. ^ a b White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). " Peoria, a N. central county of Illinois". The American Cyclopædia.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Peoria, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  7. ^ "Peoria County Public and Private Airports". www.tollfreeairline.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External links


PEORIA COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

40°47′N 89°46′W / 40.79°N 89.76°W / 40.79; -89.76