Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 1962 Article

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Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 1962

←  1958 November 6, 1962 (1962-11-06) 1966 →
  Wm Scranton Pennsylvania 87th Cong.png Richardson Dilworth.jpg
Nominee Bill Scranton Richardson Dilworth
Party Republican Democratic
Running mate Ray Shafer Stephen McCann
Popular vote 2,424,918 1,938,627
Percentage 55.4% 44.3%

Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Election Results by County, 1962.svg
County results

Governor before election

David Lawrence
Democratic

Elected Governor

Bill Scranton
Republican

The Pennsylvania gubernatorial election of 1962 was held on November 6. Republican Bill Scranton and Democrat Richardson Dilworth, each a member of a powerful political family, faced off in a bitter campaign.

Primary

Both endorsed candidates easily defeated their primary opposition. Dilworth faced only token candidates, led by McKees Rocks real estate agent Harvey Johnston. Scranton was challenged by Collins McSparran of Lancaster County. McSparran, who was the son of former gubernatorial candidate John McSparran, was the president of the state branch of The Grange, and had a small but vocal base in farming interests.

Pennsylvania gubernatorial Democratic primary election, 1962 [1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richardson Dilworth 651,096 73.06
Democratic Harvey Johnston 142,243 16.07
Democratic Charles Schmitt 96,899 10.87
Pennsylvania gubernatorial Republican primary election, 1962 [2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bill Scranton 743,785 78.06
Republican Collins McSparran 209,041 21.94

Major Party Candidates

Democratic

Republican

  • Bill Scranton, US Congressman

Campaign

After John F. Kennedy received a relatively large win in the state in 1960, combined with a poor showing in the previous year's municipal elections, Republicans attempted to cast themselves in a moderate light and thus chose the rising star Scranton, a so-called "Kennedy Republican" for his socially liberal viewpoints, as their nominee. Scranton, whose only prior elected position was a two-year term in Congress, was immediately attacked for his inexperience. However, Scranton's positions or credentials were rarely the focal point of the election; rather the race was seen as a referendum on Dilworth, a former nominee for this same office, who was serving as the controversial Mayor of Philadelphia. [3]

Throughout his political career, Dilworth had gained a reputation for taking hard-nosed action and for not being afraid to speak his mind. During the campaign, he continuously waged direct assaults on state Republican leaders, asserting that Scranton was a tool of the faltering Republican machine (Dilworth first gained statewide fame for breaking Republican machine politics in Philadelphia in the late 1940s). He also raised the issue of a restrictive covenant that was in place on a Scranton-owned property in Florida, charging that the stipulation that the residence could only be sold to a Caucasian demonstrated that Scranton had racist sentiments; Scranton defended himself by asserting that the condition was placed in the lease by a previous owner and could not be removed, and he countered by criticizing Dilworth for his affiliation with several all-white, elite social clubs. Dilworth was also plagued by corruption charges and, during the course of his campaign, reversed his position from strongly opposing an investigation into city government, to endorsing it as a way to demonstrate a commitment to transparency. [3]

On Election Day, Scranton took 62 of the state's 67 counties in an impressive win. Dilworth struggled not only in GOP strongholds, but also in the heavily Democratic Pittsburgh area, where he was plagued by both the corruption charges and anti-Philadelphian sentiment. His loss was especially heavy in Philadelphia's suburban counties, both because of his involvement in a controversial failed redistricting plan designed to divide upper class GOP support, as well as because of his antagonistic attitude toward suburbanites (he was quoted as saying "if a few of those Main Liners got mugged once in a while, it might teach them a way of life". [3] Dilworth also won by a smaller than expected margin in his home city, as his personality clash caused city Democratic leaders to give only tepid support. [3]

Results

Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 1962 [4] [5]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage
Republican Bill Scranton Ray Shafer 2,424,918 55.3
Democratic Richardson Dilworth Stephen McCann 1,938,627 44.3
Socialist Labor George Taylor Benson Perry 14,340 .3

References

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43856.
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=43863.
  3. ^ a b c d Kennedy, John J. (2006). Pennsylvania Elections: Statewide Contests From 1950-2004. University Press of America. ISBN  9780761832799.
  4. ^ The Pennsylvania Manual, p. 626.
  5. ^ The Pennsylvania Manual, p. 625.