Penn Line Information

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Penn Line
MP-36 17 (4861248909).jpg
A Penn Line train at Odenton station
Type Commuter rail
System MARC Train
Locale Washington, D.C. and Maryland suburbs east; Baltimore, MD and suburbs northeast
Termini Washington, D.C. Union Station
38°53′51″N 77°00′23″W / 38.8976°N 77.0063°W / 38.8976; -77.0063 (Washington D.C. Union Station)
Perryville, MD
39°33′29″N 76°04′26″W / 39.5581°N 76.0739°W / 39.5581; -76.0739 (Perryville station)
Daily ridership24,247 [1]
Owner Amtrak (tracks)
Operator(s) Amtrak/ Maryland Transit Administration
Line length77 mi (124 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead Catenary
Operating speed125 mph (201 km/h)
Route map

Perryville Cecil Transit
Aberdeen Harford Transit Amtrak
Martin Airport Martin State Airport Route 59 (MTA Maryland LocalLink)
Penn Station Baltimore Light Rail Amtrak
West Baltimore Maryland Transit Administration
Frederick Road
closed 1984
Halethorpe Route 77 (MTA Maryland) UMBC Transit.png
BWI Airport Baltimore–Washington International Airport BWI Rail Station#Public transit services Amtrak
Odenton Regional Transportation Agency of Central Maryland
Bowie State
Seabrook Metrobus (Washington, D.C.)
Capital Beltway
New Carrollton New Carrollton station WMATA Metro Logo.svg Amtrak
Union Station Washington Union Station#Services WMATA Metro Logo.svg Virginia Railway Express Amtrak

The Penn Line is a MARC commuter rail service running from Union Station in Washington, D.C., to Perryville, Maryland, via Baltimore's Penn Station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor. It is MARC's busiest and only electric line. With trains running at speeds of up to 125 miles per hour (201 km/h), it is the fastest commuter line in the United States. [2] The service is operated under contract by Amtrak which supplies employees to operate trains, and maintains the right-of-way and MARC's electric locomotives and passenger cars. The line is administered by MARC, a service of the Maryland Transit Administration (MTA).

The Penn Line is the successor to commuter services provided by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), Penn Central, and Conrail as long ago as the mid-19th century. Additionally, Amtrak operated a commuter service named the Chesapeake between 1978–1983. [3] In 1983, Maryland, along with a number of other Northeastern states, took control of its commuter railroads and the "MARC" (Maryland Area Regional Commuter) service name was established. [4] The Penn Line became the replacement for Amtrak's Chesapeake as well as the minimal former PRR commuter service between Washington and Baltimore.

Rolling stock

Electric MARC HHP-8 at Odenton station.

The Penn Line uses diesel as well as electric locomotives for powering trains. Most electric trains are 6-8 cars long (usually made up of all or mostly Kawasaki bilevels). Rush hour diesel trains are usually 6-8 cars long (usually made up of all or mostly Kawasaki bilevels). During the day, shorter 4-6 car MultiLevels or single level diesel trains from the Brunswick and Camden lines are used on the Penn Line. All weekend Penn Line trains also include a single-level Bike Car that is specially equipped to accommodate bicyclists.

All trains are operated in push-pull configuration with the cab-car end towards Washington.

All of the stations from Washington Union Station up to Halethorpe have high-level platforms, and all of the subsequent stations from West Baltimore up to Perryville, with the exception of Penn Station, have low-level platforms. This precludes the use of MARC's ex- Metra low-level boarding gallery railroad cars on the Penn Line.

The first revenue test of MARC's new Siemens Charger SC-44 diesel-electric locomotives on the Penn Line will occur during the week of April 16, 2018. During this phase, a current MPI MP36PH-3C locomotive will be paired with it for redundancy. These new locomotives "...will be prioritized for assignment to seven and eight car rush hour trains – especially those operating north of Baltimore -- as they are released for solo revenue service. The higher horsepower and higher maximum speed of the Chargers will help with on time performance and reduce occurrences of MARC trains having to stop and wait for Amtrak trains to pass." [5]


MARC runs 58 Penn Line trains during a normal weekday. A majority of these trains (39 each day) originate/terminate between Union Station in Washington and Penn Station in Baltimore. An additional 11 trains originate/terminate between Union Station and Perryville, MD, and another 5 originate/terminate between Union Station and Martin Airport. A single morning train and a single evening train run between Perryville and Penn Station, and a single early morning train runs from Martin State Airport to Penn Station. [6] Unlike MARC's other two lines, the Penn Line operates all throughout the day and well into the night.

On December 7, 2013 the Penn Line also began offering limited weekend service. [7] Penn Line weekend service consists of 9 round trips on Saturday and 6 round trips on Sunday—primarily between Penn Station and Union Station, but with some runs extending from/to Martin State Airport. [8] Almost all Penn Line weekend trains include a separate, specially-designed Bike Car to accommodate bicyclists (the last Saturday night train in each direction provides bike racks in the coaches.) [8] Bike Cars are reconditioned Sumitomo/Nippon Sharyo MARC IIA single-level commuter rail cars. One side of each car's interior is lined with bicycle racks which are arranged to secure 23 full-sized, non-collapsible bicycles, and the other side provides seating for 40 passengers. [9] There is no extra charge for using the Bike Car and the bicycle racks on the Bike Car are available on a first-come, first-served basis. The first Bike Car was added to select weekend trains on December 13, 2014. [10] The Bike Car program was expanded in 2015, and since October 31, 2015 almost all Penn Line weekend trains have offered a Bike Car. [8]

Amtrak's Acela Express, Northeast Regional, and long distance trains share tracks along the whole of the Penn Line, and share stations at Aberdeen, Penn Station, BWI Airport, New Carrollton, and Union Station. Currently,[ when?] MARC passengers with monthly and weekly tickets can ride select Amtrak Northeast Regional trains during the week only. [6] Connections are also available to the Washington Metro's Orange Line at New Carrollton, Red Line at Washington Union Station, and to the MTA Light Rail at Baltimore Penn Station. [6]

The MTA has plans to extend the Penn Line to Newark station in Delaware to connect with the Wilmington/Newark Line of SEPTA or even further north to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia. Currently,[ when?] the MTA funds a local bus connection between Newark and Baltimore with a transfer at Elkton station. [11] Longer-term plans include construction of new track and extending the line past Washington Union Station to L'Enfant Plaza station and into northern Virginia. [11] The planned Purple Line that will connect all three MARC lines will connect with the Penn Line at New Carrollton.


The following stations are served by Penn Line trains; not all trains stop at all stations.

State Town/City Station Connections
DC Washington Union Station Amtrak Amtrak: Acela Express, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Northeast Regional, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter, Thruway Motorcoach to Charlottesville, Virginia
MARC train.svg MARC: Brunswick Line, Camden Line
WMATA Metro Logo.svg Metrorail: Red Line
Metrobus (Washington, D.C.) Metrobus, Loudoun, OmniRide
Virginia Railway Express VRE: Manassas Line, Fredericksburg Line
MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Commuter Bus: 915, 929
MD New Carrollton New Carrollton Amtrak Amtrak: Northeast Regional, Vermonter
WMATA Metro Logo.svg Metrorail: Orange Line
Metrobus (Washington, D.C.) Metrobus: 87, B21, B22, B24, B27, B29, C28, F4, F6, F12, F13, F14, G12, G14, T14, T18
TheBus (Prince George's County) Prince George's "TheBus": 15X, 16, 21, 21X
Seabrook Seabrook
Bowie Bowie State Bowie State University
Odenton Odenton Bus interchange Anne Arundel County 202 Bus
Linthicum Heights BWI Airport Amtrak Amtrak: Acela Express, Northeast Regional, Vermonter
BSicon TRAM.svg Baltimore Light RailLink via BWI Marshall Airport Shuttle (see BWI Marshall Airport station)
Baltimore Washington International Airport BWI Airport via BWI Marshall Airport Shuttle
MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Maryland: 17, 99, 201
Howard Transit Howard Transit Silver
Halethorpe Halethorpe MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Maryland: 77
Bus interchange University of Maryland, Baltimore County Halethorpe Line
Baltimore West Baltimore MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Maryland: 23, 40, 47, 51 (1 block east)
Penn Station Amtrak Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Northeast Regional, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Maryland: 3, 11, 61, 64
BSicon TRAM.svg Baltimore Light RailLink: Penn/Camden Shuttle
Charm City Circulator Charm City Circulator: Purple Route
Middle River Martin Airport Martin State Airport Martin State Airport

MTA Maryland bus routes MTA Maryland: 24, 160

Edgewood Edgewood
Aberdeen Aberdeen Amtrak Amtrak: Northeast Regional
Hartford Transit Harford Transit: 1, 1A, 4, 6, and 6A
Perryville Perryville Cecil Transit Cecil Transit: 2, 5


  1. ^ "MTA Average Weekday Ridership - by Month". Maryland Open Data Portal. June 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  2. ^ Matt Van Hattem (June 30, 2006). "Maryland Rail Commuter (MARC)". Trains Magazine. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  3. ^ "1979 Amtrak Chesapeake timetable".
  4. ^ "MARC History". MTA. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010.
  5. ^ "Penn Line schedule change: April 23" (Press release). MTA Maryland. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "MARC Penn Line Weekday Schedule" (PDF). MTA Maryland. November 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  7. ^ Sherman, Natalie; Wenger, Yvonne (December 7, 2013). "MARC train weekend service begins". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "MARC Penn Line Weekend Schedule" (PDF). MTA Maryland. November 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "MTA Rolls Out Bike Cars on All Weekend Trains" (Press release). MTA Maryland. October 29, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  10. ^ Rector, Kevin (December 11, 2014). "MTA to introduce bike car to weekend MARC service". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 6, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "MARC Riders Advisory Council Meeting Summary Minutes" (PDF). MTA Maryland. January 18, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.

External links

Route map:

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