Payer Peak Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Payers Tinde)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Payer Peak
Payer Tinde, Payers Fjeld
Payer Peak is located in Greenland
Payer Peak
Payer Peak
Highest point
Elevation1,979 m (6,493 ft)  [1]
Listing
Coordinates 73°8′44″N 26°23′25″W / 73.14556°N 26.39028°W / 73.14556; -26.39028
PAYERS TINDE Latitude and Longitude:

73°8′44″N 26°23′25″W / 73.14556°N 26.39028°W / 73.14556; -26.39028
[1]
Geography
Location Suess Land, NE Greenland
Climbing
First ascent1870 [2]

Payer Peak, ( Danish: Payer Tinde [3] or Payers Fjeld) [2] is a mountain in King Christian X Land, Northeast Greenland. Administratively it is part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone.

The region around Payer Peak is uninhabited. This mountain is located in the high Arctic zone, where Polar climate prevails. The average annual temperature in the area is −17 °C. The warmest month is June when the average temperature rises to −2 °C and the coldest is November with −23 °C. [4]

Geography

Payer Peak rises on the northern side of Suess Land in the inner Kaiser Franz Joseph Fjord only 4 km from the shore of the fjord. It is located south of Cape Payer, a headland in the fjord's southern coast.

Together with Petermann Peak this mountain was long believed to be one of the highest summits in northeastern Greenland, but its actual height does not reach 2,000 metres (6,562 ft). [1] It is marked as a 7,692-foot-high (2,345 m) peak in the Defense Mapping Agency Greenland Navigation charts [5] and as a 2,320-metre-high (7,612 ft) mountain in other sources. [6]

Historical background

Payer Peak was named Payer Spitze by Carl Koldewey during the Second German North Polar Expedition he led while first surveying and partially exploring Kaiser Franz Joseph Fjord in 1869–70. The peak was named after Austro-Hungarian arctic explorer Julius von Payer (1842–1915) who was co-leader of the expedition. In August 1870 Julius Payer and Ralph Copeland climbed to the ice plateau NE of Payer Peak via the Solklar Glacier and from here were able to view of inner Kaiser Franz Joseph Fjord and Petermann Peak. [2]

Although much publicity was given to the 1870 ascent of Payer Peak in 1870 as a landmark in Arctic mountaineering, John Haller and Wolfgang Diehl, who climbed Payer Tinde in 1952 found no evidence of a previous ascent. [7]

Representation of the 12 August 1870 discovery of Petermann Peak by Julius Payer and Ralph Copeland after climbing onto Payer Peak.
Payer Peak in a map of Greenland by George Frederick Wright (1838–1921).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Google Earth
  2. ^ a b c "Catalogue of place names in northern East Greenland". Geological Survey of Denmark. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Payer Tinde". Mapcarta. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  4. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  5. ^ 1:1,000,000 scale Operational Navigation Chart, Sheet B-9
  6. ^ Payers Tinde, Greenland
  7. ^ Odell, N.E. 1943: Aspects of mountaineering in the high Arctic. Alpine Journal 54, 182–190.

External links