|31st Secretary of State of Illinois|
1965 – October 10, 1970
|Preceded by||William H. Chamberlain|
|Succeeded by||John W. Lewis Jr.|
|56th & 58th Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives|
January 7, 1959 – January 9, 1963
|Preceded by||Warren L. Wood|
|Succeeded by||John W. Lewis Jr.|
January 10, 1949 – January 8, 1951
|Preceded by||Hugh Green|
|Succeeded by||Warren L. Wood|
|Born||January 21, 1902|
Vienna, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||October 10, 1970 (aged 68)|
Rochester, Minnesota, U.S.
Paul Taylor Powell (January 21, 1902 – October 10, 1970) served as Illinois Secretary of State from 1965 until his death in 1970.
A member of the Illinois legislature since the 1930s, Powell served as the Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1959 to 1963. In 1959 Powell, Democrat, was elected by a bipartisan coalition of Republicans and downstate Democrats against Joseph De La Cour, the candidate of Richard J. Daley who had majority backing within the Chicago-dominated Democratic caucus. Powell was elected Secretary of State in 1965. The following year, his office was investigated for corruption, but he was exonerated. During his tenure, practice was that any payments made to the Secretary of State's office were made out to simply "Paul Powell". Unsuspecting Illinois residents thought they were writing personal checks for license plate registration.  His personal motto was, "There's only one thing worse than a defeated politician, and that's a broke one."
Powell died on October 10, 1970, in Rochester, Minnesota, as an outpatient of the Mayo Clinic. Some newspapers, such as The Pantagraph of Bloomington, wrote disparaging editorials about Powell immediately after his death, alleging corruption, and were criticized for it. However, the media criticism of Powell would soon prove to be accurate.
Although his salary was never more than $30,000 a year, upon his death, shoeboxes, briefcases and strongboxes with more than $800,000 in cash were found in his hotel suite residence at the St. Nicholas Hotel in Springfield, Illinois.  In his hotel room he also had 49 cases of whiskey, 14 transistor radios, and two cases of creamed corn. When settled in 1978 his estate was worth $4.6 million, of which $1 million was racetrack stock.  A federal investigation determined that Powell had acquired much of his wealth through illegal cash bribes, which he received for giving noncompetitive state contracts to political associates. The State of Illinois received a $222,999 settlement from his estate; in addition, several state contractors were imprisoned for their roles in the affair. 
Folk singer Steve Goodman wrote a song, "Paul Powell", describing Powell's career and death.
- Suddath, Claire (Dec 11, 2008). "Illinois corruption". Time. Chicago, IL. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
- "Paul Powell's Nest Egg". Time. New York, NY. Jan 18, 1971. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
- Déjà vu: Growing up with Chicago pols in the 'Land of 10,000 Snakes', By Steve Aschburner, MinnPost, December 10, 2008.
- Grossman, Ron (February 24, 2013). "From hero to bum in a flash". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
- Hartley, Robert E. (1999). Paul Powell of Illinois: A Lifelong Democrat. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-2271-4.
- Illinois State Library Heritage Project: Paul Powell – Office of the Illinois Secretary of State
William H. Chamberlain
Secretary of State of Illinois
John W. Lewis Jr.