Pachaug State Forest Article

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Pachaug State Forest
Nehantic Trail - Rhododendron Sanctuary Trail planked wooden boardwalk section.jpg
The Rhododendron Sanctuary Trail
Map showing the location of Pachaug State Forest
Map showing the location of Pachaug State Forest
Location in Connecticut
Location New London, Connecticut, United States
Coordinates 41°36′05″N 71°53′09″W / 41.60139°N 71.88583°W / 41.60139; -71.88583
PACHAUG STATE FOREST Latitude and Longitude:

41°36′05″N 71°53′09″W / 41.60139°N 71.88583°W / 41.60139; -71.88583
Area28,804 acres (116.57 km2) [2]
Elevation459 ft (140 m) [1]
Established1928 [3]
Governing bodyConnecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Website Pachaug State Forest

Pachaug State Forest is the largest forest in the Connecticut state forest system, encompassing over 27,000 acres (110 km²) of land. It is located on the Rhode Island border in New London County, and parcels of the forest lie in the towns of Voluntown, Griswold, Plainfield, Sterling, North Stonington, and Preston. [4] The forest was founded in 1928, but most of the land came from purchases made later during the Great Depression. It is named after the Pachaug River, which runs through the center of the forest. The forest is part of the Northeastern coastal forests ecoregion. [5]


Great Meadow

The Pachaug-Great Meadow Swamp portion of the park was declared a National Natural Landmark in May 1973 due to its Atlantic white cedar swamp. [6] This type of forest is at risk of being succeeded by hemlock. [7]

Hiking trails

There are four popular hiking trails, maintained by the Connecticut Forest and Park Association, that run through Pachaug State Forest.

  • The Pachaug Trail runs about 30 miles (48 km) in an east-west route that follows a horse-shoe curve north. It begins at the northern end of Pachaug Pond and ends at Green Fall Pond.
  • The Nehantic Trail is a route just under 15 miles (24 km) that begins at Green Fall Pond near the Pachaug Trail trailhead and runs northwest to RT 201 near the Pachaug River.
  • The Quinebaug Trail runs North-South for about 7 miles (11 km) from the junction of Breakneck Hill Road and the Nehantic-Quinebaug Trail Crossover to its northern terminus at Spaulding Road.
  • The Narragansett Trail runs from the southwest to the northeast, starting from Lantern Hill in North Stonington. The Narragansett Trail leaves the State Forest at the Connecticut/Rhode Island boundary; it enters Yawgoog Scout Reservation in Rhode Island and later ends at Ashville Pond in the village of Canonchet in Hopkinton, Rhode Island.

The handicap (wheelchair) accessible Rhododendron Sanctuary Trail (which includes a planked wooden boardwalk section) in the Pachaug State Forest's Herman Haupt Chapman Management Area is spectacularly scenic when the Rhododendron are in bloom (June and July).

There are several dirt and gravel road trails that cross Pachaug State Forest; Trail 1, Trail 2, the Main Drive, and Stonehill Road. In combination with dozens of unmarked side trails, this makes for easy mountain biking terrain that has become popular among locals.

Some trails and roads are marked as multi-use. One such is the Enduro off-road motorcycle trail which winds through Pachaug State Forest. On non–multi-use hiking trails in the forest, however, there is clearly both unauthorized vehicular and unauthorized equestrian use.


The 58-mile Enduro trail in Pachaug State Forest is marked (on turns and intersections on trees) with white labels containing a red arrow pointing in the trail's direction. The route follows a mix of forest trails and public roads (therefore requiring both a valid current motorcycle registration and motorcycle driver's license rather than ATV registration). [8]


  1. ^ a b "Pachaug State Forest". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ Legislative Program Review & Investigations Committee (January 23, 2014). "State Parks and Forests: Funding" (PDF). Staff Findings and Recommendations. Connecticut General Assembly. p. A-3. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  3. ^ "Pachaug State Forest". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  4. ^ "Connecticut State Forests Seedling Letterbox Series - Clues for Pachaug State Forest". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  5. ^ Olson, D. M, E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original on 2011-10-14.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list ( link)
  6. ^ "Pachaug-Great Meadow Swamp". National Natural Landmarks Program. National Park Service. June 28, 2012. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  7. ^ "Connecticut's Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy" (PDF). Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. October 1, 2005. pp. 4–22–4–23. Retrieved January 10, 2009.
  8. ^ "Pachaug State Forest Chapman Area". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved July 31, 2014.

External links