PNC Financial Services Article

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The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc.
Public company
Traded as NYSEPNC
S&P 500 Index component
Industry Banking
Financial services
Predecessor Pittsburgh National Corporation
Provident National Corporation
FoundedApril 10, 1845; 173 years ago (1845-04-10)
Operational: January 28, 1852; 166 years ago (1852-01-28)
Headquarters Tower at PNC Plaza
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
, United States
Number of locations
2,481 branches
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
William S. Demchak ( CEO)
Robert Q. Reilly ( CFO)
RevenueIncrease US$16.329 billion (2017)
Increase US$5.338 billion (2017)
AUMIncrease US$282 billion (2017)
Total assetsIncrease US$380.768 billion (2017)
Total equityIncrease US$47.585 billion (2017)
Number of employees
52,906 (2017)
Capital ratio11.6% Tier 1 capital (2017)
Website www.pnc.com
Footnotes / references
[1]
PNC Bank branch, located in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
PNC Bank branch, located in the former headquarters of Riggs Bank on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C.
PNC Bank branch, located in the historic National Bank of Washington building, in Washington, D.C.
PNC branch footprint, as of April 2015
PNC Bank Corporate Footprint
PNC Bank branch and offices in Southgate, Michigan.

PNC Financial Services Group, Inc. (stylized as PNC) is a bank holding company and financial services corporation based in Pittsburgh. Its bank operates in 19 states and the District of Columbia with 2,459 branches and 9,051 ATMs. The company also provides financial services such as asset management, wealth management, estate planning, loan servicing, and information processing. [1]

PNC is ranked 9th on the list of largest banks in the United States by assets. It is the 5th largest bank by number of branches, 6th largest by deposits, and 4th largest in number of ATMs. [2]

The name "PNC" is derived from the initials of both of the bank's two predecessor companies: Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation, which merged in 1983.

Current operations

Retail banking

PNC Bank offers consumer and business banking services via 2,459 branches in Alabama, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, & Wisconsin. [1]

PNC is one of the largest Small Business Administration lenders. [1]

Virtual Wallet banking product

Virtual Wallet is a combination checking account and savings account accessible via mobile app. It features 3 integrated accounts: a checking account called Spend, an interest-bearing checking account called Reserve, and a savings account called Growth. It was launched in July 2008 and was aimed primarily to the tech-savvy members of Generation Y. In June 2012, the product had 1 million users. [3]

BlackRock

PNC owns 22% of BlackRock, the largest asset management firm in the world by assets under management. This ownership interest had a market value of $17.9 billion as of December 31, 2017. [1]

Asset Management Group

PNC Asset Management Group (AMG) provides Institutional Asset Management and Wealth Management services to high-net-worth individuals and has approximately $282 billion in assets under administration, of which $151 billion is directly under management. [1] PNC Wealth Management is the 16th largest wealth management firm with $48.8 billion in private client assets under management. [1] Hawthorn Family Wealth provides asset management services for family offices with over $20 million in net worth and directly oversaw almost $31 billion as of 2017. [4]

Lending

As of December 31, 2017, PNC had $220 billion in outstanding loans, including $147 billion in commercial loans and $73 billion in consumer loans. [1]

Credit cards

As of December 31, 2017, PNC had $5.3 billion in outstanding credit card loans. [1] In 2016, PNC ranked as the 12th largest credit card issuer, with $33 billion in purchase volume. [5]

PNC Business Credit

Operating out of offices in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, PNC Business Credit provides asset-based lending to private equity firms and middle market companies.

Corporate and Institutional Banking/Harris Williams & Co

PNC operates one of the largest treasury management businesses and the 2nd-largest lead arranger of asset-based loan syndications in the United States. Harris Williams & Co., a subsidiary of the company, is one of the U.S.'s largest mergers and acquisitions advisory firms for middle-market companies.

Residential mortgages

PNC Mortgage (formerly National City Mortgage) is credited with the 1st mortgage in the United States and has offices across the country. The company had $17.212 billion in mortgage loans outstanding as of December 31, 2017. [1]

This is the 2nd mortgage division to be named PNC Mortgage. In 2001, PNC sold the original PNC Mortgage to Washington Mutual due to volatility in the market. [6] In 2005, PNC began outsourcing mortgages to Wells Fargo until the National City deal. [7]

Auto and student loans

As of December 31, 2017, PNC had $12.9 billion in car finance loans and $5 billion in student loans outstanding. [1]

Commercial real estate lending

PNC provides acquisition, development and permanent financing for commercial and real estate clients including term loans and treasury management and capital markets services.

PNC is ranked 7th on the list of largest direct lenders by National Real Estate Investor, with $16.9 billion in annual real estate lending. [8]

Midland Loan Services

Midland Loan Services, a division of PNC Real Estate, is a third-party provider of service and technology for the commercial real estate finance industry. It specializes in commercial loan and CMBS portfolio servicing. Founded in 1991, its headquarters are in Overland Park, Kansas.

PNC/Midland is ranked by Mortgage Bankers Association as the 2nd largest master and primary servicer of commercial bank and savings institution loans. [9]

History

1970s-era Pittsburgh National Bank logo, used until the 1982 merger to form PNC Bank.
PNC's offices in Troy, Michigan.

PNC Financial Services traces its history to the Pittsburgh Trust and Savings Company which was founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on April 10, 1845. [10] [11] Due to the long recovery from the Great Fire of Pittsburgh, PNC was not fully operational until January 28, 1852, [12] when it opened offices at Liberty Avenue and 12th street. The bank was renamed The Pittsburgh Trust Company in 1853. [13] In 1858, the company located its corporate offices at the corner of Fifth Avenue and Wood Street in Pittsburgh where they remain to this day. The bank changed its name to First National Bank of Pittsburgh in 1863, after it became the first bank in the country to apply for a national charter [10] as part of that year's National Banking Act. It received the 48th charter on August 5, 1863, with other later banks receiving charters sooner due to paperwork problems and the fact that the bank was already in business. [10] [13]

By 1959, after a series of mergers, the bank had evolved into the Pittsburgh National Bank, [14] which later became the leading subsidiary of Pittsburgh National Corporation. Another branch of the current bank, the Philadelphia based Provident National Corporation, dates back to the mid-19th century. [15]

In 1982, Pittsburgh National Corporation and Provident National Corporation merged into a new entity named PNC Financial Corporation. It was the largest bank merger in American history at the time and created a company with $10.3 billion in assets. [16] [17] Between 1991 and 1996, PNC purchased more than ten smaller banks and financial institutions that broadened its market base from Kentucky to the Greater New York metropolitan area.

In 1998, PNC acquired Hilliard Lyons for $275 million in cash and stock. [18] Hilliard Lyons was sold in 2008. [19]

In 1998, PNC sold its credit card business to Metris (now HSBC Finance) [20] and MBNA. [21]

In 2006, PNC got back into the credit card business by marketing and issuing credit cards under the MasterCard brand in partnership with U.S. Bancorp. [22] After the National City merger in 2008, the U.S. Bancorp products were converted to PNC Bank products.

National City acquisition

On October 24, 2008, during the financial crisis of 2007-2008, PNC announced that it would acquire Cleveland-based National City Corp. for $5.2 billion in stock. [23] The announcement came hours after PNC sold preferred stock to the United States Treasury as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program implemented as part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. [24] The stock issued to the U.S. Treasury was repurchased in 2010. [25]

The deal helped PNC double in size and to become the 6th largest bank in the United States by deposit and 5th largest by branches and made PNC the largest bank in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky, as well as the second largest bank in Maryland and Indiana. It also greatly expanded PNC's presence in the Midwest as well as entering the Florida market. National City complemented PNC's presence, as Western Pennsylvania, Cincinnati and Louisville, Kentucky were among the few markets in which both banks had a major presence. [26]

PNC then had its footprint stretch from New York City to St. Louis, Missouri, with branches as far south as Miami and as far north as Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan on the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. PNC completed the conversion of the National City branches on June 14, 2010. [27]

Other acquisitions

In 2004, PNC acquired United National Bancorp based in Bridgewater, New Jersey for $321 million in cash and 6.6 million shares of its common stock. [28]

In 2005, PNC acquired Riggs National Corporation of Washington, D. C. Riggs had been fined after aiding Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in money laundering. [29] [30] At one stroke, PNC became one of the largest banks in the Washington metropolitan area.

On March 2, 2007, PNC acquired Maryland-based Mercantile Bankshares, making PNC the 8th largest bank in the United States by deposits. [30] [31] [32] On October 26, 2007, PNC acquired Yardville National Bancorp, a small commercial bank centered in central New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania. [30] [33] On April 4, 2008, PNC acquired Sterling Financial Corporation, a commercial and consumer bank with accounts and branches in central Pennsylvania, northeastern Maryland and Delaware. [30] [34]

On September 15, 2007, PNC Bank acquired Citizens National Bank of Laurel, Maryland. [35]

On August 14, 2009, PNC took over Dwelling House Savings & Loan and its only branch location in Pittsburgh's Hill District after Dwelling House suffered from bank failure and was placed under receivership by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). [36] Dwelling House had been known in Pittsburgh to provide low-income African Americans loans that other banks would deny. The branch was closed and accounts were transferred to the existing PNC branch in the Hill District. [37]

In 2011, PNC acquired BankAtlantic's Tampa Bay Area branches. [38] [39]

In December 2011, PNC acquired 27 branches in the northern Atlanta suburbs with $240 million in deposits and $42 million in book value from Flagstar Bank. [40] [41] [42]

In 2012, PNC acquired RBC Bank from Royal Bank of Canada for $3.45 billion. [43] [44] [45] RBC Bank had a 426 branches in southern Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. Of these regions, PNC had existing branches only in Florida and the acquisition filled a gap in PNC's market footprint between northern Virginia and central Florida, adding about 900,000 customers and 483 ATM locations. It made PNC the 5th largest bank by branches behind Wells Fargo, Bank of America, Chase, and U.S. Bancorp and the 6th largest by total assets behind the aforementioned four banks and Citibank. [43]

Sale of PNC Global Investment Servicing (2010)

Established in 1973, PNC's Global Investment Servicing subsidiary (GIS) was the second largest full-service mutual fund transfer agent in the U.S and the second-largest full service accounting and administration provider to U.S. mutual funds. With 4,700 employees, GIS operated from the Republic of Ireland, the United States and the Cayman Islands, and Luxembourg. GIS serviced $1.9 trillion in total assets and 58 million shareholder accounts. In 2007, GIS was awarded a license allowing it to expand further into Europe. PNC Global Investment Servicing was known as PFPC until July 2008. [46]

In 2010, PNC sold GIS to The Bank of New York Mellon to repay funds from the Troubled Asset Relief Program, which were used for the National City acquisition. [47]

Construction of The Tower at PNC Plaza

On May 23, 2011, PNC unveiled plans for the Tower at PNC Plaza, a new $400 million headquarters building, originally planned to be 40 stories, to be constructed by the company on the corner of Fifth Avenue and Wood Street in Downtown Pittsburgh, catercorner to the former headquarters, One PNC Plaza. [48] The modern, environmentally friendly, 33-floor, 800,000-square-foot (74,000 m2) building designed by Gensler opened on October 2, 2015. [49] PNC owns the building and occupies all its space, except for street-level storefronts which are leased to retail tenants. It is one of the world's most environmentally friendly skyscrapers. Some of its features include a double glass facade to reduce cooling costs and promote natural airflow into the building, a high-efficiency climate-control system to heat or cool specific zones of the building as needed, and a pair of living rooftops to collect and channel rainwater and reduce heat gain. [50]

Harris Teeter partnership

On July 30, 2012, PNC announced plans to put ATMs in 138 Harris Teeter grocery stores in the Carolinas, plus 53 other stores. [51] [52]

Post-2012

PNC Bank, Farmers and Mechanics Branch (2018)

In September 2014, PNC acquired Solebury Capital Group, a capital markets advisory firm, for $50 million. [53] [53]

In April 2017, the company acquired the U.S. equipment finance business of ECN Capital for $1.3 billion. [54] [55]

In November 2017, the company acquired The Trout Group, an investor relations and strategic advisory firm servicing the healthcare industry. [56] [57]

In 2018, the company acquired Fortis Advisors, which provides post-merger shareholder services. [58] [59]

Legal issues

Overcharging of Black and Hispanic borrowers by National City

In December 2013, the Department of Justice and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced that they had reached an agreement with National City Bank to resolve allegations that the bank had charged Black and Hispanic borrowers higher prices for mortgages between 2002 and 2008, before the acquisition by PNC. Regulators claimed that National City had violated the Fair Housing Act and Equal Credit Opportunity Act by charging more than 75,000 borrowers higher loan rates based on their race or ethnicity rather than their risk level. National City's lack of pricing guidelines resulted in black borrowers being charged an average of $159 more in extra upfront fees or higher interest than white borrowers. Black borrowers also paid an average of $228 more annually over the life of the loan than white borrowers. Hispanics paid $125 more upfront and $154 more annually than white borrowers. Under the terms of the settlement, PNC was required to pay victims $35 million. [60]

Leak of account information

In March 2006, PNC Bank was forced to reissue hundreds of debit cards to customers after accounts were compromised. [61]

Lawsuit from Military Channel

Also in March 2006, PNC Bank was sued by Paul Bariteau, an investor in the Military Channel. Bariteau claimed PNC let the chairman of the Military Channel make unauthorized withdrawals of millions of dollars from the company's account for personal use. [62]

Securities fraud settlement

In June 2003, PNC Bank agreed to pay $115 million to settle federal securities fraud charges after one of its subsidiaries fraudulently transferred $762 million in bad loans and other venture capital investments to an AIG entity in order to conceal them from investors. [63]

Overtime claim by loan officers

In 2017, PNC agreed to pay $16 million to settle claims of overtime wages by loan officers under the Fair Labor Standards Act. [64]

National Prearranged Services Fraud

According to a lawsuit, funds entrusted to National Prearranged Services (NPS), a St.Louis-based company that sold prepaid funerals, were diverted and embezzled. PNC Bank is the successor to Allegiant Bank, which served as a trustee for NPS from 1998 to 2004. In 2015, a jury ordered PNC to pay $391 million. [65] In 2017, a federal judge overturned the decision. [66]

Municipal Bonds Disclosure Violations

In 2015, PNC was one of 22 companies that violated disclosure requirements for municipal bonds by failing to divulge that the issuers had filed late financial reports. It was fined $500,000. [67]

Community initiatives

PNC has sponsored several initiatives to improve education, health and human services, cultural activities and the arts. These include "PNC Grow Up Great", a commitment to early childhood development, the "PNC Foundation", and community development investments. [68]

Since 1984, PNC has compiled the Christmas Price Index, a humorous economic indicator which estimates the prices of the items found in the song " The Twelve Days of Christmas". [69]

In 2012, PNC opened the PNC Fairfax Connection, a community center in Cleveland, Ohio. [70]

Notable corporate buildings

One PNC Plaza. PNC's former corporate headquarters in Downtown Pittsburgh.
Outside a branch in Freeport, Pennsylvania.

Naming rights and sponsorships

PNC owns corporate naming rights to the following:

PNC is a sponsor of:

Chief executives

  • William Demchak April 23, 2013 – present [72]
  • James Rohr CEO May 1, 2000 – April 23, 2013, Chairman May 2001 – April 2014
  • Thomas H. O'Brien CEO of PNC April 1, 1985 [73] [74] – May 1, 2000 [75]
    • Robert C. Milsom CEO of Pittsburgh National 1985 – December 31, 1989 [76]
  • Merle E. Gilliand November 1968 [77] – April 1, 1985 [78]

References

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External links