Old State Quarry State Preserve Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Old State Quarry
Old State Quarry State Preserve is located in Iowa
Old State Quarry State Preserve
Old State Quarry State Preserve is located in the US
Old State Quarry State Preserve
Location0.1 miles (0.16 km) south of the southern end of Rice Ridge Ln., NE., at Coralville Lake
Nearest city North Liberty, Iowa
Coordinates 41°45′48″N 91°34′13″W / 41.76333°N 91.57028°W / 41.76333; -91.57028
OLD STATE QUARRY STATE PRESERVE Latitude and Longitude:

41°45′48″N 91°34′13″W / 41.76333°N 91.57028°W / 41.76333; -91.57028
Area1.7 acres (0.69 ha)
NRHP reference # 97001676 [1]
Added to NRHPFebruary 23, 1998

The Old State Quarry State Preserve, also known as the North Bend Quarries, Capitol Quarry, Old Capitol Quarry, and the State Quarry, is a historic site located northeast of North Liberty, Iowa, United States. The quarry, originally known as North Bend Quarries, began operations in 1842. It provided limestone for numerous buildings and structures in Iowa City and elsewhere in the state. The list includes the Old Capital (1842), the foundations for Old Brick Church (1856) and the present Iowa State Capitol (1886) in Des Moines. The exact date that the quarry closed is not known, but because there is no evidence of mechanized techniques to remove stone, it is assumed it closed around the turn of the 20th century. [2] There is, however, hand tool marks in the remaining stone. From 1874 to 1911 Samuel Calvin, professor of natural history at the State University of Iowa, used the quarry for both research and instruction in geology and paleontology.

The limestone here is made up largely of cemented fragments of brachiopods that lived in a shallow tropical sea that covered this area during the Devonian period. [3] There is also evidence of fish teeth and plates in the lower parts of the channel sequence. The preserve is the type locality for “State Quarry Limestone,” determined by Calvin, and only found in Johnson County, Iowa. [2] The quarry became a historical state preserve in 1969, and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. [3] [1]

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b E. Arthur Bettis III; Jean C. Prior; Brian J. Witzke; Leah D. Rogers. "Old State Quarry". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-05-10. with photos
  3. ^ a b "Old State Quarry State Preserve (Click on the link "State Preserves Guide (Listing of all 95 preserves)" in the text.)". Iowa Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-05-10.