Norwegian Cruise Line Article

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Norwegian Cruise Line
Subsidiary
Industry Tourism
Founded1966; 53 years ago (1966)
Headquarters Miami, Florida, United States
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Andrew Stuart (CEO)
Products Cruises
Parent Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings
Website ncl.com

Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL), also known in short as Norwegian, is a cruise line founded in 1966 and based in the United States. It is the third-largest cruise line in the world, controlling approximately 8.7% of the total worldwide share of the cruise market by passengers as of 2018. [1] It is wholly owned by parent company Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings.

History

The cruise line was founded as Norwegian Caribbean Line in 1966 by Knut Kloster and Ted Arison, with the 8,666-ton, 140m cruise ship/car ferry, Sunward, [2] which in 1966 operated as a car-ferry between Southampton UK and Gibraltar, for that one, short season only. Arison soon left to form Carnival Cruise Lines, while Kloster acquired additional ships for Caribbean service. Norwegian pioneered many firsts in the cruise industry like: the first Out Island Cruise, the first combined air-sea program (marketed as "Cloud 9 Cruises") which combined low cost air fares with the cruise, first shipline to develop new ports in the Caribbean, like Ocho Rios in Jamaica. Like the original Sunward of 1966, Norwegians's second ship, the Starward had the capability to carry automobiles through a well concealed stern door. Later, this area was turned into cabins and a two deck movie theater, which is now a casino. Norwegian was responsible for many of the cruise innovations that have now become standard throughout the industry.

SS Norway arriving at Southampton

Norwegian made headlines with the acquisition of the France in 1979, rebuilding the liner as a cruise ship and renaming her Norway. The conversion cost more than US$100 million. The Norway was at the time significantly larger than any existing cruise ship, and exploited the extra space available by adding a greater than usual variety of onboard entertainment. Her success paved the way for a new era of giant cruise ships. A boiler explosion in May 2003 forced Norwegian to withdraw the Norway from service, later being laid up in Bremerhaven, Germany until 2005 when she was towed to Port Klang Malaysia with the claimed intent to use her as an anchored casino or slow overnight casino cruises on her remaining boilers. Instead, she was sold for scrap and renamed the SS Blue Lady [3] and later beached at Alang, Gujarat, India in August 2006 with claims that she had not been cleaned of toxic materials. [4] On September 11, 2007, the India Supreme Court issued an order permitting her to be broken-up at Alang, despite the presence of large amounts of hazardous asbestos remaining on board. [5] [6]

Norwegian has expanded to other parts of the world, including Alaska, Europe, Bermuda, and Hawaii. Between 1997 and 2001 the company also operated cruises out of Australia under the name Norwegian Capricorn Line.

Norwegian acquired Orient Lines in 1998. [7] After talks, [8] Norwegian itself was acquired in 2000 by Star Cruises, a subsidiary of Genting Hong Kong, part of the Malaysia-based Genting Group. [9] In 2007, Star Cruises sold Orient Line's Marco Polo to Transocean Tours, [10] and Orient Lines ceased operations in early 2008. [11]

In 2002, Norwegian purchased the half-complete hull of the first Project America ship, at the time under construction at Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, US, which was towed to Germany to be completed at the Lloyd Werft shipyard. Subsequently, Norwegian acquired the rights to move two ships built entirely outside the United States under the US flag, making it possible to start a US-flagged operation under the brand name NCL America. [12] [13] In 2003 the company announced the purchase of the American-flagged liners SS United States and SS Independence. In their July 2007 fiscal report, Norwegian noted the sale of the Independence, renamed SS Oceanic some time before. On July 1, 2010, the SS United States Conservancy struck a deal to buy the SS United States for $3 million. [14] On February 1, 2011, the ownership was officially transferred to the SS United States Conservancy.

In August 2007, Star Cruises sold 50% of Norwegian for $1 billion to US-based Apollo Management in order to strengthen Norwegian's financial position. [15]

Subsequently, Norwegian reported in February 2008 that the Pride of Aloha, one of the two remaining NCL America ships, would be withdrawn from service in May of the same year. Initial reports suggested she would be transferred to the fleet of Star Cruises, [16] but it was later announced that she would return to the Norwegian international fleet as the Norwegian Sky, [17] while the Norwegian Majesty and Norwegian Dream would be sold to Louis Cruise Lines. [18] The sale of the Norwegian Dream was subsequently canceled. [19] It was announced in September 2012 that the Norwegian Dream would become the Superstar Gemini for Star Cruises, from January 2013.

On June 1, 2012, Norwegian announced the signing of a memorandum of agreement to exercise its option to purchase Norwegian Sky. The purchase price was approximately $260 million, financing being provided by the seller. [20]

On October 17, 2012, Meyer Werft and Norwegian reached a second agreement for the construction of two new vessels. Slated for delivery in October 2015 and 2017, respectively. The project was under the code name "Breakaway Plus Class", with the vessels expected to be 163,000 gross tons and hold 4,200 passengers. The Norwegian Escape entered service in November 2015 and weighs 164,600 tons. Norwegian is expected to confirm its option for the 2017 vessel soon. [21] Two more vessels were ordered on July 14, 2014, they will enter service in 2018 and 2019 and will be slightly bigger at 164,000 GT. [22]

Initial public offering and reorganisation

Following an initial public offering and corporate reorganisation in 2013, Norwegian was made a wholly owned subsidiary of Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings (NCLH), [23] [24] while Norwegian's previous owners Genting Hong Kong, Apollo Management and TPG Capital exchanged their stakes in Norwegian for shares in the newly listed NCLH. [25]

On 11 March 2014, Norwegian announced that it was canceling all future port calls in Tunisia following an incident where the country forbade Israeli nationals from disembarking. [26]

In December 2016, it was announced that Norwegian Cruise Line has reached an agreement with the Cuban government. [27] In May 2017, the Norwegian Sky was the first Norwegian vessel to ever visit Cuba. The Norwegian Sky makes weekly trips from Miami to Havana, Cuba, making Norwegian the only line sailing that route weekly. [28]

On May 2, 2017, Norwegian Cruise Line announced a new PortMiami Terminal. [29] The construction began on May 1, 2018, and is scheduled for completion by fall 2019. [30] Between 2022 and 2025 Fincantieri will deliver four ships [31] and in July 2018, the company announced an order for two more ships of Leonardo Class. They are expected to enter service in 2026 and 2027. [32] In December 2018, Norwegian revealed plans to build a new pier in Alaska's Icy Strait Point. [33]

Ships

As of January 2018, Norwegian Cruise Line operates 16 cruise ships, with 7 on order. It has also previously owned or operated 19 other ships. All its ships are flagged to The Bahamas, except for the sole exception of Pride of America, which operates cruises within the United States and is flagged and registered in the US, as well as being owned by a US-registered subsidiary, NCL America.

Current ships

Ship Built In service for NCL Last
refurbishment
Gross
tonnage
Flag Notes Image
Spirit class
Norwegian Spirit 1998 2004-present 2014 [34] 75,904   Bahamas Previously SuperStar Leo
Norwegian Cruise Line Norwegian Spirit 07 IMO 9141065 @chesi.JPG
Sun class
Norwegian Sky 1999 1999-2004,

2008-present

2013 77,104   Bahamas Originally constructed as Costa Olympia but sold to NCL during construction, sailed under NCL America as Pride of Aloha from 2004 to 2008
Norwegian Sky Great Stirrup Cay 75.jpg
Norwegian Sun 2001 2001-present 2018 [34] 78,309   Bahamas
Norwegian Sun departing Port of Tallinn 25 May 2012 (cropped).JPG
Dawn class
Norwegian Star 2001 2001-present 2018 91,740   Bahamas Originally ordered as Superstar Libra
Norwegian Star arriving Tallinn 12 July 2013.JPG
Norwegian Dawn 2002 2002-present June 2016 [35] 92,250   Bahamas Originally ordered as SuperStar Scorpio
Norwegian Dawn - Great Stirrup Cay.jpg
Pride of America class
Pride of America 2005 2005-present March 2016 80,439   United States The only US-flagged ship in Norwegian's fleet
Pride of America seen from Aloha Tower (4677840953).jpg
Jewel class
Norwegian Jewel 2005 2005-present May 2014 [36] 93,502   Bahamas
Norwegian Jewel Newport September 2010.jpg
Norwegian Jade 2006 2006-present March 2017 [34] 93,558   Bahamas Formerly Pride Of Hawaii, reconstructed in 2008 as the Norwegian Jade
Norwegian jade in Venice.JPG
Norwegian Pearl 2006 2006-present February 2017 [37] 93,530   Bahamas
Norwegian Pearl.jpg
Norwegian Gem 2007 2007-present November 2015 93,530   Bahamas
Norwegian gem in Sicily 2008.jpg
Epic class [38]
Norwegian Epic 2010 2010-present October 2015 [35] 155,873   Bahamas The only ship in her class
Rotterdam cruiseschip Norwegian Epic.jpg
Breakaway class
Norwegian Breakaway 2013 2013-present April 2018 145,655 [39]   Bahamas
Norwegian Breakaway 10.JPG
Norwegian Getaway 2014 2014-present None

(Scheduled for June 2019)

145,655 [40]   Bahamas
Norwegian Getaway 18.JPG
Breakaway Plus class
Norwegian Escape 2015 2015-present None 164,600   Bahamas
Norwegian escape.jpg
Norwegian Joy 2017 2017-present None 167,725   Bahamas
Norwegian Joy nach dem Ausdocken.jpg
Norwegian Bliss 2018 2018-present None 168,028   Bahamas 9th largest cruise ship in the world after Royal Caribbean International's Quantum Class
Norwegian Bliss.jpg
Ship Built In service for NCL Last
refurbishment
Gross
tonnage
Flag Notes Image

Future ships

Ship Class Inaugural Voyage Gross tonnage Flag Notes
Norwegian Encore Breakaway Plus Class 2019 169,145 [41]
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2022 140,000
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2023 140,000
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2024 140,000
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2025 140,000
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2026 140,000
Unnamed Project Leonardo 2027 140,000

Previous ships

Ship Built In service
for NCL
Gross
tonnage
Status as of 2019 Image
Sunward 1966 1966–1976 10,558 Scrapped in 2004 at Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Sunward at Pier A (7562495404) (cropped).jpg
Starward 1968 1968–1995 15,781 Scrapped in 2018 at Alang, India.
MV Orient Queen in Beirut.jpg
Skyward 1969 1969–1991 15,653 Since 2000 Leisure World for New Century Cruise Lines.
"Skyward" - Miami, 1980.JPG
Southward 1971 1971–1994 16,710 Scrapped in 2013 at Aliaga, Turkey.
"Southward" - Miami, 1986.JPG
Sunward II 1971 1977–1991 14,194 Scrapped in 2014 at Aliaga, Turkey.
"Sunward II" - Miami, 1980.JPG
Norway 1961 1979–2003 76,049 Scrapped in 2008 at Alang, India.
Norway La Rochelle-a.jpg
Seaward / Norwegian Sea 1988 1988–2005 42,285 Since 2005 SuperStar Libra for Star Cruises.
NorwegianSea3-23-04 (cropped).jpg
Westward 1972 1991–1993 28,613 Since 1996 Black Watch for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.
Black Watch cruise ship, Liverpool Cruise Terminal (geograph 4545674).jpg
Sunward 1973 1991–1992,

1992–1993

28,551 Since 2005 Boudicca for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.
Boudicca departing Tallinn 7th September 2013.JPG
Dreamward / Norwegian Dream 1992 1992–2008 50,764 Since 2012 SuperStar Gemini for Star Cruises.
Norwegian Dream1.jpg
Windward / Norwegian Wind 1993 1993–2007 51,309 Since 2007 SuperStar Aquarius for Star Cruises.
NCLWindSkagway.jpg
Leeward 1980 1995–1999 25,611 Since 2007 Cristal for Louis Cruise Lines.
MS Leeward NCL (4172632324) (cropped).jpg
Norwegian Crown 1988 1996–2000,

2003–2007

43,537 Since 2008 Balmoral for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.
Norwegian Crown (876515432) (cropped).jpg
Norwegian Star 1973 1997–1998 28,518 Since 2004 MS Albatros for Phoenix Reisen.
MS Norwegian Star (4163364643) (cropped).jpg
Norwegian Dynasty 1993 1997–1999 24,344 Since 2001 Braemar for Fred. Olsen Cruise Lines.
Norweigiandynasty cordovaalaska (4305472551) (cropped).jpg
Norwegian Majesty 1992 1997–2009 41,662 Since 2018 Crown Iris for Mano Maritime.
Norwegian Majesty-5.jpg
Independence 1951 Never entered service 26,658 Wrecked and scrapped in 2010 off Alang, India.
Oceanic Leaving SF (cropped).jpg
SS United States 1952 Never entered service 38,216 Laid up in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
SS United States Philly 2012-2.JPG
Seaward 1972 Never entered service 17,042 Sank in 2016 near the port of Laem Chabang, Thailand.
"Southern Cross" - Copenhagen, 1995.jpg

Private islands

Norwegian owns two private islands in the Caribbean: Harvest Caye in Belize and Great Stirrup Cay in the Bahamas. [42]

References

  1. ^ "2018 Worldwide Cruise Line Market Share". Cruise Market Watch. 2018. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  2. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line Celebrates Fifty Years". The Maritime Executive. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  3. ^ SS Norway ex France Archived September 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. Ssmaritime.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2011.
  4. ^ "'Toxic ship' cleared for breaking". BBC. 2006-08-02.
  5. ^ Maritime Matters: France, Norway Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Indian court says 'Blue Lady' can be broken up". Khaleej Times Online. September 11, 2007. Archived from the original on September 1, 2009.
  7. ^ Ward, Douglas (2006). Berlitz Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships 2006. Berlitz. p. 384. ISBN  981-246-739-4.
  8. ^ "NCL in talks on possible partnership with Star Cruises". Business Times. 8 December 1999. p. 33.
  9. ^ Asklander, Micke. "Kloster Cruise / Norwegian Cruise Line". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2007.
  10. ^ "NCL Announces Farwell Season of Marco Polo". Orient Lines press release. Retrieved 2007-12-11.
  11. ^ Newman, Doug (2008-03-31). "The End of Orient Lines". At Sea with Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
  12. ^ "Star buys Project America". Bnet. November–December 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-05-19. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  13. ^ "Project America rides again". MarineLog.com. 2003-01-18. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  14. ^ "SOS to save the SS United States". Mail Online. Daily Mail. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Apollo invests $1billion in NCL Corp to take 50% stake". Cruise Business Review. 2007-08-17. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
  16. ^ "NCL Corporation Announces Adjustments to Hawai'i Fleet". NCL press release. Norwegian Cruise Line. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  17. ^ "It's official: Pride of Aloha re-joins NCL international fleet as Norwegian Sky". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-07.[ dead link]
  18. ^ Joshi, Rajesh; Lowry, Nigel (2008-04-14). "NCL close to offloading cruiseship trio". Lloyd's List. Archived from the original on April 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  19. ^ "No Dream for Louis Cruises". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2008-09-30.[ dead link]
  20. ^ "Norwegian Signs Memorandum of Agreement for Purchase of Norwegian Sky". Cruise Industry News. 2012-06-01. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
  21. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line to Build Third New Ship". Cruisecritic.co.uk. 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
  22. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line Orders Two New Ships". cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  23. ^ "Company History". nclhltdmedia.com. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  24. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line IPO soars 31%". USA Today. January 17, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  25. ^ FORM 10-K (Annual Report) (PDF) (Report). Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. February 20, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  26. ^ Sampson, Hannah (March 12, 2014). "After Israeli passengers rebuffed, Norwegian Cruise Line cancels Tunisia calls - Tourism & Cruises - MiamiHerald.com". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014.
  27. ^ "Sailing soon from the U.S. to Cuba: ships from Norwegian and Royal Caribbean". Miami Herald. December 7, 2016.
  28. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line kicks off voyages to Cuba". USA Today. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  29. ^ Staff, CIN (May 4, 2017). "PortMiami Set to Develop New Terminal for Norwegian".
  30. ^ Staff, CIN (2018-03-07). "Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Announces New Terminal at PortMiami". Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  31. ^ "Fincantieri: A New Class of Ships for Norwegian Cruise Line". 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-02-16.
  32. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line to Build More Leonardo-Class Cruise Ships - Norwegian Cruise Line". www.cruisecritic.com. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  33. ^ Staff, C. I. N. (2018-12-06). "Norwegian to Build Pier at Icy Strait Point in Alaska". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
  34. ^ a b c "https://www.ncl.com/norwegian-edge". Cruise Critic. Retrieved 11 May 2017. External link in |title= ( help)
  35. ^ a b "Norwegian Edge | Norwegian Cruise Line". www.ncl.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  36. ^ "Overhaul brings new features to Norwegian Jewel". usatoday.com. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  37. ^ "Norwegian Pearl Emerges From Dry Dock With Upgraded Cabins and Restaurants - Norwegian Cruise Line". www.cruisecritic.com.
  38. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Ships | Cruise Ship Deck Plans | Norwegian Cruise Line". www.ncl.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  39. ^ "Norwegian Breakaway". ncl.com. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  40. ^ "Norwegian Getaway". ncl.com. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  41. ^ "Keel laying ceremony for the Norwegian Encore". meyerwerft.de. Meyer Werft. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  42. ^ "Norwegian Cruise Line unveils Harvest Caye to first visitors". The San Pedro Sun. 23 November 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2017.

External links