Nicholas Longworth Anderson Information (Person)
Nicholas Longworth Anderson
Nicholas Longworth Anderson
|Born||April 22, 1838|
|Died||September 18, 1892 (aged 54)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
United States Army|
|Years of service||1861–1865|
Brevet Major General
|Commands held||6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Nicholas Longworth Anderson (April 22, 1838 – September 18, 1892) was a United States Army officer who served in the American Civil War as Colonel of the 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. After the Civil War, he was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the brevet grades of brigadier general and major general of volunteers.
He was promoted to colonel in command of the regiment on November 9, 1862. He served in western Virginia and in most of the major campaigns in the Western Theater. Severely wounded twice, he mustered out of the service with the regiment on June 23, 1864.
On December 18, 1867, President Andrew Johnson nominated Anderson to receive a brevet (honorary promotion) to the rank of brigadier general of Volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865 for "gallant conduct and meritorious services in the battle of Stone's River, December 31, 1862" and the U.S. Senate confirmed the brevet on February 14, 1868.   On December 19, 1867, President Johnson nominated Anderson for the award of the grade of brevet major general of U.S. volunteers, also to rank from March 13, 1865, for "distinguished gallantry and meritorious conduct in the battle of Chickamauga, September 19 and 20, 1863" and the U.S. Senate confirmed this brevet, also on February 14, 1868.  
General Anderson was a veteran companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS). His son, Larz Anderson III, became an hereditary member of MOLLUS. Both father and son were also members of the Sons of the Revolution.
In 1890 he was elected to membership in the Maryland Society of the Cincinnati by right of being the grandson of Lieutenant Colonel Richard Clough Anderson, a Virginia native who served in the American Revolution. His "seat" in the society was "inherited" by his son Larz, who was elected to membership in the Maryland Society in 1894. By tradition, members of the Society of the Cincinnati join the society of the state from which their ancestor served. Although Richard Clough Anderson served from Virginia, Nicholas Longworth Anderson joined the Maryland Society probably because the Virginia society was unwilling to admit a former Union officer.
Following the death of his father, Anderson spent much of the remainder of his days managing the estate he had inherited from his mother. Anderson died in Lucerne, Switzerland at age fifty-four on September 18, 1892 and is buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. 
Nicholas Longworth Anderson, son of Larz Anderson I and Catherine (Longworth) Anderson, was the scion of two distinguished Ohio families. Through his mother, he was the grandson of Nicholas Longworth, founder of the Longworth family.  On his father's side, Nicholas Longworth Anderson was the grandson of Revolutionary War veteran, Richard Clough Anderson and the nephew of three notable uncles:
- Brigadier General Robert Anderson, a career Army officer most famous for his defense of Fort Sumter at the start of the American Civil War
- Charles Anderson, briefly Governor of Ohio
- William Marshall Anderson, lawyer and explorer
His cousin Allen Latham Anderson attained the rank of Brevet Brigadier General. Another cousin, Thomas McArthur Anderson, was a brigadier general who fought in the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War.
Larz served as Second Secretary to the U.S. Embassy in London under Robert Todd Lincoln and then First Secretary at the U.S. Embassy in Rome. He briefly served as a captain in the Volunteer Army during the Spanish–American War. He was appointed as U.S. Minister to Belgium from 1911–1912, and finally served briefly as Ambassador to Japan from 1912 to 1913 before retiring from public service. In 1897, Larz married Isabel Weld Perkins who later edited and published The Letters and Journals of General Nicholas Longworth Anderson: Harvard, Civil War, Washington, 1854–1892. Larz and Isabel also created the Anderson Memorial Bridge in Cambridge, Massachusetts and dedicated it to his memory.
In 1899, Elizabeth, known to friends and family as "Elsie," married Philip Hamilton McMillan of Detroit, a Yale and Harvard educated attorney who was the son of Senator James McMillan (politician) (R-Michigan). After her husband's death in 1919, Elsie established The Philip Hamilton McMillan Memorial Publication Fund at Yale University through a bequest of $100,000. The Fund continues to operate under the aegis of Yale University Press.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 739
- Hunt, Roger D. and Jack R. Brown, Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. p. 15
- Eicher, 2001, p. 710
- "Judge Civil War Generals" (PDF). The Spring Grove Family. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- Anderson, William Pope. Anderson Family Records. Cincinnati: Press of W.F. Schaefer, 1936.