New Kingdom of León
Nuevo Reino de León
Cross of Burgundy,
flag of New Spain.
Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1819.
|King of Spain|
• January 16, 1556 - September 13, 1598
|Luis de Carabajal y Cueva|
|Simón de Herrera y Leyva|
|Historical era||Colonial era|
|Currency||Spanish colonial real|
|Today part of||Mexico|
The New Kingdom of León ( Spanish: Nuevo Reino de León), was an administrative territory of the Spanish Empire, politically ruled by the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It was located in an area corresponding generally to the present-day northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo León.
It was founded in 1582 by Spanish and Portuguese settlers when Philip II, King of Spain and its colonies, encouraged the colonization of Northern New Spain, and authorized the creation of a 'realm' which would have the name of Nuevo Reyno de León (New Kingdom of León), after the former Kingdom of León in Spain. Philip granted Luis de Carabajal y Cueva the title of first governor and captain-general of this new province in New Spain. The foundation of this realm was a crucial event which potentially helped the subsequent Spanish settlements in Texas.
Though the New Kingdom of León was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, it remained functionally autonomous during much of its history, due to the long distance between its main cities; however, it quickly developed a shared culture with its neighbor provinces. This fact led to its becoming in 1776 part of the semi-autonomous Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas, which split in 1786 into three commands, one of them being the Eastern Internal Provinces (Provincias Internas de Oriente) consisting of the New Kingdom of León and the provinces of Coahuila, Tejas, and Nuevo Santander; subsequently it remained part of the comandancy until 1821 when it and the rest of Mexico became an independent republic.
When Mexico declared the independence from Spain, the territory of the Nuevo Reyno de León became the "Estado Libre y Soberano de Nuevo León".
- Menéndez Pidal, El Dialecto Leonés.1906
- Eugenio del Hoyo, Eugenio del Hoyo (1975), Historia del Nuevo Reino de León 1577- 1723, Monterrey, Nuevo León: Fondo Editorial de Nuevo León, Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, ISBN 970-9715-09-7
- Juan Bautista Chapa and Fernando Sánchez de Zamora, Alonso de León, Historia de Nuevo León con noticias sobre Coahuila, Tamaulipas y Nuevo México, Monterrey, Nuevo León, ISBN 970-9715-07-0
- Isidro Vizcaya, Isidro Vizcaya, En los albores de la Independencia: Las Provincias Internas de Oriente durante la insurrección de don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla 1810-1811= Fondo Editorial de Nuevo León, Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Monterrey, Nuevo León, ISBN 970-9715-04-6
- Worldstatesmen.org: Provinces of New Spain
- Israel Cavazos: "Breve Historia de Nuevo León" (in Spanish)