Logo of the Free State Project
|Motto||"Liberty in Our Lifetime"|
|Formation||September 1, 2001|
|Headquarters||373 South Willow St #161, Manchester, New Hampshire, United States|
|Remarks||20,000 people have pledged (February 3, 2016) |
The Free State Project (FSP) is a proposed political migration founded in 2001 to recruit at least 20,000 libertarians to move to a single low-population state ( New Hampshire, selected in 2003) in order to make the state a stronghold for libertarian ideas.  The project seeks to overcome the historical ineffectiveness of limited government activism which they believe was caused by the small number and diffuse population of libertarian activists across the 50 United States and around the world.
Participants sign a statement of intent declaring that they intend to move to New Hampshire within five years of the drive reaching 20,000 participants. This statement of intent is intended to function as a form of assurance contract. As of February 3, 2016 [update], 20,000 people have signed this statement of intent —completing the original goal—and 1,909 people are listed as "early movers" to New Hampshire on the FSP website, saying they had made their move prior to the 20,000-participant trigger.  Approximately a dozen Free Staters were elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in the 2012 election  and about 18 in the 2014 election.
The FSP is a social movement generally based upon decentralized decision making. The group hosts various events, but most of FSP's activities depend upon volunteers, and no formal plan dictates to participants or movers what their actions should be in New Hampshire.
- 1 Intent
- 2 Eligibility
- 3 History
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Annual events
- 6 New Hampshire House of Representatives
- 7 Responses
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
The FSP mission statement, adopted in 2005, states:
|“||The Free State Project is an agreement among 20,000 pro-liberty activists to move to New Hampshire, where they will exert the fullest practical effort toward the creation of a society in which the maximum role of government is the protection of life, liberty, and property. The success of the Project would likely entail reductions in taxation and regulation, reforms at all levels of government to expand individual rights and free markets, and a restoration of constitutional federalism, demonstrating the benefits of liberty to the rest of the nation and the world. ||”|
"Life, liberty, and property" are rights that were enumerated in the October 1774 Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress  and in Article 12 of the New Hampshire Constitution. 
To become a participant of the Free State Project, a person is asked to agree to the Statement of Intent (SOI):
|“||I hereby state my solemn intent to move to the State of New Hampshire within 5 years after 20,000 Participants have signed up. Once there, I will exert the fullest practical effort toward the creation of a society in which the maximum role of civil government is the protection of individuals' life, liberty, and property.||”|
The FSP is open to people with a minimum age of 18 and United States citizenship is not required; people who promote violence, racial hatred, or bigotry are not welcome in the FSP. 
The Free State Project was founded in 2001 by Jason Sorens, then a Ph.D. student at Yale University.  Sorens published an article in The Libertarian Enterprise highlighting the failure of libertarians to elect any candidate to federal office and outlining his ideas for a secessionist movement, calling people to respond to him with interest.  Sorens soon published a follow-up article  backing away from secession, "and it never played a role in the FSP’s philosophy from then on. " Sorens has stated that the movement continues an American tradition of political migration, which includes groups such as Mormon settlers in Utah, Amish religious communities  and the "Jamestown Seventy",  an earlier effort to influence the politics of a particular state through deliberate migration. 
The organization began without a specific state in mind. A systematic review started by narrowing potential states to those with a population of less than 1.5 million and those where the combined spending in 2000 by the Democratic and Republican parties was less than $5.2 million, the total national spending by the Libertarian Party in that year. Hawaii and Rhode Island were eliminated from this list because of their propensity for centralized government. 
In September 2003, the state vote was held and participants voted using the Condorcet method to choose the state.  New Hampshire was the winner, with Wyoming coming in second by a 57% to 43% margin.  Alaska, Delaware, Idaho, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Vermont were also on the list. 
New Hampshire was chosen because the perceived individualist culture of the state was thought to resonate well with libertarian ideals.  However, the Free State Project has drawn criticism from some New Hampshire residents concerned about population pressure and opposition to increased taxation. On the other hand, some Republicans have responded more favorably to the project because they also favor a small government. 
In December 2012, state representative Cynthia Chase (D-Keene) said "Free Staters are the single biggest threat the state is facing today. There is, legally, nothing we can do to prevent them from moving here to take over the state, which is their openly stated goal. In this country you can move anywhere you choose and they have that same right. What we can do is to make the environment here so unwelcoming that some will choose not to come, and some may actually leave. One way is to pass measures that will restrict the “freedoms” that they think they will find here". 
In 2012, the Concord Police Department applied for $258,000 in federal government funding to buy a Lenco BearCat armored vehicle for protection against terrorist attacks, riots, or shooting incidents. The application said: "Groups such as the Sovereign Citizens, Free Staters and Occupy New Hampshire are active and present daily challenges". The grant from the United States Department of Homeland Security was successful and the Concord City Council unanimously approved of the grant after having revised the application to remove references to those political movements. 
In September 2014, Republican Party Senate nominee Scott Brown, a former United States Senator from Massachusetts, said his election campaign needed "Freestaters" to support him in his one-minute closing statement at the Granite State Debate. 
On February 3, 2016, the Free State Project announced via social media that 20,000 people had signed the Statement of Intent.  In a press conference later that day, then FSP president Carla Gericke officially announced that the move had been triggered and that signers were expected to follow up on their pledge.  The project organization will change focus from recruiting signers to encouraging them to move to New Hampshire, stating "we want 20,000 movers".
The Free State Project aligns itself with no political party, takes no official political positions, supports no candidates in elections and neither supports nor opposes any particular legislation. 
The Free State Project receives its funding from individual donors interested in moving as part of the FSP or attending one of the annual events.   Donations are tax deductible as the FSP is a tax-exempt nonprofit educational organization, falling under category 501(c)(3). This affects all donations since July 20, 2009. 
Several early movers have been elected to the New Hampshire legislature. In 2006, one of its participants, Joel Winters, was elected to the state legislature, running as a Democrat.  He was re-elected in 2008, but defeated in 2010.  In 2010, 12 Republican Free Staters were elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives. 
On December 5, 2012, Free Stater and self-described anarchist Tim O'Flaherty was elected to the state House of Representatives under the Democratic Party ticket, representing Manchester Ward 5.  He was defeated for re-election in 2014.
In 2012, elected participants wrote and passed House Bill 418 which requires state agencies to consider open source software and data formats when making acquisitions.  However, it died in the Senate. 
The Free State Project is the official organizer of two annual events in New Hampshire:
- The New Hampshire Liberty Forum is a convention-style event with a wide variety of speakers, dinners and events.
- The Porcupine Freedom Festival (PorcFest)   is a weeklong summer festival that takes place at a campground and it is "like Woodstock for rational people", says Roderick Long.   
In 2006, Democrat Joel Winters became the first known free stater to become elected to the 400-member New Hampshire House of Representatives.  Every two years, the entire House is up for election. In 2010, 12 Free Staters were elected.  In 2012, 11 more were elected.  In 2014, at least 18 were elected.   In 2016, at least 15 were elected (out of 32).  
- Belknap District 2, Glen C. Aldrich, Republican
- Belknap District 6, Mike Sylvia, Republican
- Carroll District 5, Ed Comeau, Republican
- Grafton District 9, Robert Hull, Republican
- Hillsborough District 11, Elizabeth Edwards, Democrat
- Hillsborough District 12, Amanda Bouldin, Democrat
- Hillsborough District 40, Keith Ammon, Republican
- Hillsborough District 7, Keith Murphy, Republican
- Merrimack District 20, Brian Seaworth, Republican
- Merrimack District 21, Dan McGuire, Republican
- Merrimack District 29, Carol McGuire, Republican
- Rockingham District 4, Jason Osborne, Republican
- Strafford District 24, Laura Jones, Republican
- Cal Pratt (R-Goffstown): the district of Hillsborough-6
- Tim O'Flaherty (D-Manchester): the district of Hillsborough-12
- Emily Sandblade (R-Manchester): the district of Hillsborough-18
- Rockingham District 14 Shem Kellogg Republican
- Joel Winters (D-Manchester): the district of Hillsborough-18
- Michael Garcia (D-Nashua): the district of Hillsborough-34
- Mark Warden (R-Goffstown): the district of Hillsborough-39
On February 17, 2006, economist Walter Block publicly expressed his support for the FSP and is quoted as saying:
|“||You people are doing the Lord's work. The FSP is one of the freshest practical ideas for promoting liberty that has come out of the libertarian movement in the past few decades. May you succeed beyond your wildest dreams, and thus demonstrate in yet another empirical way the benefits and blessings of liberty. ||”|
Jeffrey Tucker reflected about his experiences at the New Hampshire Liberty Forum in Nashua, saying in part: "If you are willing to look past mainstream media coverage of American politics, you can actually find exciting and interesting activities taking place that rise above lobbying, voting, graft and corruption". 
- American Redoubt
- Free Talk Live
- Free West Alliance
- Libertarian conservativism
- Libertarian Republican
- Libertarian Party of New Hampshire
- Libertarianism in the United States
- New Hampshire Liberty Alliance
- Politics of New Hampshire
- "Free State Project Triggers the Move". fsp.org. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- Belluck, Pam (October 27, 2003). "Libertarians Pursue New Political Goal: State of Their Own". The New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- "Free State Project Triggers the Move". Free State Project. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "Free State Project: What happens if 20,000 libertarians move to New Hampshire?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Berry, Jake (February 24, 2013). "Free State project says future is encouraging". Nashua Telegraph. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- Mission Statement Archived 2013-01-18 at the Wayback Machine. from the Free State Project website
"Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress".
Yale Law School. October 14, 1774. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
That the inhabitants of the English colonies in North-America, by the immutable laws of nature, the principles of the English constitution, and the several charters or compacts, have the following RIGHTS: Resolved, N.C.D. 1. That they are entitled to life, liberty and property: and they have never ceded to any foreign power whatever, a right to dispose of either without their consent.
- "NH.gov – The Official Web Site of New Hampshire State Government – State Constitution, Bill of Rights". nh.gov. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- FSP Disclaimer and Policies
- Larry Clow (October 5, 2005). "The Free State turns two". The Wire. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012.
- Sorens, Jason (July 23, 2001). "Announcement: The Free State Project". The Libertarian Enterprise. 131.
- Sorens, Jason (August 6, 2001). "Update: Free State Project". The Libertarian Enterprise. 132.
- "The Early Years of the Free State Project". Free State Project. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- Joanna Walters (October 1, 2003). "Free staters pick New Hampshire to liberate for sex, guns and drugs". The Guardian.
- Blumstein, James F.; Phelan, James (1971). "Jamestown Seventy". Yale Review of Law and Social Action. 1 (1).
- Sorens, Jason (August 6, 2001). "Update: Free State Project". The Libertarian Enterprise. 132.
- Joseph Spear, "An Experiment in Civic Engagement: The Free State Project" Archived 2009-03-25 at the Wayback Machine., Oklahoma Policy Studies Review, Vol. 5, No. 1.
- Pete Camp, "Free State Project Picks New Hampshire", Up & Coming Magazine, October 8, 2003.
- Sarah Schweitzer (November 16, 2006). "Free State Project cheers on one of its own in Winters". The Boston Globe. (Subscription required (help)).
- Meredith Goldstein, "Free State Project pushes limits of liberty in N.H.", Boston Globe, October 19, 2003.
- "New Hampshire Democrat: 'Free Staters are the single biggest threat the state is facing today'". Reason.com. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Wickham, Shawne K. (July 27, 2013). "Civil Liberties Union questions increasing use of costly military-style equipment by NH law enforcement". Union Leader. Manchester, New Hampshire.
- "Granite State Debate, U.S. Senate: Candidates deliver closing statements". 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2014-09-10.
- "Free State Project". Twitter. 2 February 2016.
- "Official press conference announcing success in reaching 20,000 members". Freestateproject.org. 2016.
- Introduction to the Free State Project Archived June 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Total income donations, FSPFY2008Actuals.pdf Archived 2012-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- Total income donations FSPFY2009Actuals.pdf Archived 2012-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- FSP Newsletter, July 2014, From the President's Desk
- List of Nov. 2010 winners Archived 2012-02-05 at the Wayback Machine.
- "For Some Ron Paul Backers, a New Motto: Go East, Young Man (and Woman)". NationalJournal.com. May 10, 2011. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012.
- Hayward, Mark (November 14, 2012). "Anarchy in Ward 5? Well, not exactly". Manchester Union Leader.
- "New Hampshire Passes 'Open Source Bill' - Slashdot". slashdot.org. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- New Hampshire House Bill 418
- "PorcFest". PorcFest. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Porcupine Freedom Festival Blog Entries". fsp.org. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Way Long Gone, Part 2". aaeblog.com. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Way Long Gone, Part 3". aaeblog.com. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Murphy, Robert P. "PorcFest 2011". Ludwig von Mises Institute. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- New Hampshire House of Representatives elections, 2014, Ballotpedia
- Free State Project Watch: Candidate List 2014, Free State Project Watch
- "NH Libertarians Officially Recognized as Party For First time in 20 Years + "Free Staters" Win 15+ State Rep Races". Free Keene. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- "Free State Project Watch: Candidate List 2016". Free State Project Watch. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- "Coffey – Granite State Progress". granitestateprogress.org. Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Walter Block's endorsement of the Free State Project. FreeStateProject.org. 17 February 2006.
- "Political Migration in Our Time". Archived from the original on March 10, 2013.
- "Ron Paul Supports the Free State Project". Archived from the original on 2013-05-19.
- "Gary Johnson Endorses the FSP".
- "Lew Rockwell Applauds the Free State Project".
- "Peter Schiff (Euro Pacific Capital Inc.)".
- "The Radical-Right Free State Project Has Chosen New Hampshire For A Revolution". Thinkprogress.org. April 13, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- Steve Trinward. "The Free State Project: good idea or libertopian fantasy?". Rational Review. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- "LTE: Free Staters go too far". Concord Monitor. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- "Libertopia". FilmBuff. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "101 Reasons: Liberty Lives in New Hampshire". Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Peterson, Kyle (March 19–20, 2016). "The Great American Disconnect". The Wall Street Journal (Opinion) (Vol. CCLXVII No. 65). Dow Jones & Co. p. A11.
- Free State Project official website
- Organizational Profile – National Center for Charitable Statistics ( Urban Institute)
- on 's channelYouTube
- Free State Project A Libertarian Testing Ground magazine article