New England French Article

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New England French
français de Nouvelle-Angleterre
Native to United States
( New England) (primarily Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont)
Native speakers
120,000 (2001)[ citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
GlottologNone

New England French ( French: français de Nouvelle-Angleterre) is a variety of Canadian French spoken in the New England region of the United States. [1]

New England French is one of the major forms of the French language that developed in what is now the United States, the others being Louisiana French and the nearly extinct Missouri French, Muskrat French and Métis French.

The dialect is the predominant form of French spoken in New England (apart from standard French), except in the Saint John Valley of northern Aroostook County, Maine, where Acadian French predominates.

The dialect is endangered, but its use is supported by bilingual education programs in place since 1987. [1]

Number of French-speakers by state

The figures below include speakers of any French dialect, as estimated during the 2012-2016 American Community Survey: [2]

State Number of speakers Proportion of state's population
Maine 38,695 3.06%
New Hampshire 21,260 1.68%
Vermont 8,508 1.43%
Rhode Island 9,382 0.94%
Massachusetts 54,710 0.86%
Connecticut 25,828 0.76%

Francophone communities in New England

French language spoken at home by more than 10% of the population, as estimated for the 2011-2015 American Community Survey: [3] [4] [5]

Community State Percent French-speaking Total population of community (2010 census)
Lewiston Maine 14.7% 36,592
Berlin New Hampshire 16.7% 10,051
Sabattus Maine 12.9% 4,876
Lyman Maine 10.1% 4,344
Fort Kent Maine 47.5% 4,097
Madawaska Maine 61.8% 4,035
Van Buren Maine 56.5% 2,171
Milan New Hampshire 13.6% 1,337
Frenchville Maine 67.4% 1,087
Stewartstown New Hampshire 16.0% 1,004
Canaan Vermont 22.8% 972
Eagle Lake Maine 40.1% 864
St. Agatha Maine 56.6% 747
Wallagrass Maine 46.9% 546
St. Francis Maine 38.2% 485
Grand Isle Maine 62.6% 467
Portage Lake Maine 15.7% 391
New Canada Maine 40.7% 321
Caswell Maine 14.7% 306
Dummer New Hampshire 12.2% 304
Errol New Hampshire 13.1% 291
Saint John Plantation Maine 44.2% 267
Clarksville New Hampshire 17.2% 265
Winterville Maine 39.0% 224
Hamlin Maine 62.8% 219
Norton Vermont 24.2% 169
Cyr Plantation Maine 55.9% 103
Wentworth's Location New Hampshire 12.1% 33
Ferdinand Vermont 30.0% 32
Dennistown Maine 59.3% 30
Averill Vermont 11.1% 24

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308. ISBN  0899253563. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  2. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All States Within United States, 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
  3. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All County Subdivisions within Maine, 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All County Subdivisions within New Hampshire, 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over (B16001): All County Subdivisions within Vermont, 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

External links