|Neshoba County, Mississippi|
Neshoba County courthouse and Confederate Monument in Philadelphia
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
|• Total||572 sq mi (1,481 km2)|
|• Land||570 sq mi (1,476 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%|
|• ( 2015)||29,463|
|• Density||52/sq mi (20/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Neshoba County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,676.  Its county seat is Philadelphia.  It was named after Nashoba, a Choctaw chief. His name means " wolf" in the Choctaw language. 
The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (MBCI), a federally recognized tribe, own one of the largest casino complexes in the state. The Silver Star and Golden Moon casinos are the first land-based casinos in Mississippi. These casinos are part of the MBCI's Pearl River Resort.
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Neshoba County is known as the site of one of the most infamous race-related crimes in American history, which took place in 1964 during Freedom Summer in Mississippi, a period of heightened civil rights activity in a voter registration drive. White supremacists brutally murdered three civil rights activists, Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner in Philadelphia, the county seat.
Deputy Sheriff Cecil Price was implicated but never charged with being part of the group that lynched the three young men and buried them in an earthen dam. The crime and decades-long legal aftermath of investigation and trials inspired the 1988 movie Mississippi Burning.
In 1980 President Ronald Reagan launched his presidential campaign from the Neshoba County Fair, delivering a speech about economic policy and referring to " states' rights". It was believed to be referring to southern conservative values, in an area associated with the 1964 murders.  
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2013 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 28,684 people, 10,694 households, and 7,742 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 11,980 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.50% White, 19.33% Black or African American, 13.80% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.6% identified as of American ancestry, 8.8% as Irish and 6.1% as English, according to Census 2000. Those who identify as having " American" ancestry are predominantly of English descent, but have ancestors who came to the US so long ago that they identify simply as American.   88.7% spoke English and 10.2% Choctaw as their first language.
There were 10,694 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,300, and the median income for a family was $33,439. Males had a median income of $28,112 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,964. About 17.90% of families and 21.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.20% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Philadelphia (county seat)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Neshoba County, Mississippi
- Neshoba (film)
- Iris Kelso
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- Carol V.R. George, One Mississippi, Two Mississippi: Methodists, Murder, and the Struggle for Racial Justice in Neshoba County. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Mississippi Region Grapples with Legacy of Civil Rights Murders, a 40th anniversary story from All Things Considered
- Neshoba Democrat's 40th anniversary stories