Near Islands Information (Geography)

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Near Islands
Native name:
Sasignan tanangin
Near Islands is located in Alaska
Near Islands
Near Islands
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 52°48′02″N 173°07′54″E / 52.80056°N 173.13167°E / 52.80056; 173.13167
NEAR ISLANDS Latitude and Longitude:

52°48′02″N 173°07′54″E / 52.80056°N 173.13167°E / 52.80056; 173.13167
Total islands15
Major islands Attu, Agattu
Area441.618 sq mi (1,143.79 km2)
Length25 mi (40 km)
United States
State Alaska
Population>47 (2000)
Ethnic groups Aleut
Map of the western Aleutian Islands, showing the Near Islands on the left: Attu Island (1), Agattu Island (2), Alaid Island (3), Nizki Island (4), and Shemya Island (5).

The Near Islands or Sasignan Islands ( Aleut: Sasignan tanangin, [1] Russian: Ближние острова) are a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska, between the Russian Commander Islands to the west and the Rat Islands to the east.


The largest of the Near Islands are Attu and Agattu, which shelter a few rocks in the channel between them. The other important islands are the Semichi Islands to their northeast, notable among which are Alaid, Nizki and Shemya.

About 20 miles to the east-southeast from Shemya are small rocky reefs known as the Ingenstrem Rocks.

The total land area of all of the Near Islands is 1,143.785 km² (441.618 sq mi), and their total population was 47 persons as of the 2000 census. The only populated island is Shemya; the U.S. Coast Guard station on Attu closed in 2010 and all inhabitants left the island later that year.


The islands were named Near Islands by Russian explorers in the 18th century because they were the nearest of the Aleutian Islands to Russia (that is, if one excludes the Commander Islands).

During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army occupied the Near Islands in 1942. American forces retook the islands during the Aleutian Islands Campaign in 1943.


  1. ^ Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.