Native American languages of Colorado Information

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Colorado, a state in the western United States that straddles the heights of the Rocky Mountains and the western edges of the Great Plains, has been the traditional home of several Uto-Aztecan, Algonquian, and Tanoan tribes. However, all tribes except for bands of the Ute were relocated to other states, primarily Wyoming and Oklahoma, during the Westward Expansion of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As such, in total, there is only one remaining Native American language spoken in Colorado: Colorado River Numic.


There is only one Native American language currently spoken in Colorado. Population estimates are based on figures from Ethnologue and U.S. Census data, as given in sub-pages below. The language is shown in the table below:

Language Classification Number of Speakers Total Ethnic Population Tribe(s) Included Location(s) in Colorado Significant External Populations
Colorado River Numic Uto-Aztecan: Numic: Southern Numic 2,000 5,000 Ute: Ute Mountain, Southern Ute Ute Mountain Indian Reservation, Southern Ute Indian Reservation Nevada, Utah, Arizona, California

See also