A national preserve is a type of National Park Service protected area of the United States designated by Congress that has characteristics normally associated with national parks but where certain natural resource-extractive activities such as fishing, hunting, mining, and oil/gas exploration and extraction are permitted.  The types of activities permitted in each national preserve varies depending on the enabling legislation of the unit.  Restrictions on hunting, fishing, and trapping may be enacted by the Secretary of the Interior with the consultation of the state agency responsible for overseeing said activities, often the state's department of natural resources, unless it is an emergency.  
National preserves in Alaska were created by a provision of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980, allowing only regulated hunting, fishing and trapping for sport and subsistence purposes. 
- http://www.nps.gov/goga/planyourvisit/designations.htm Designations of National Park System Units
- 16 USC 3201 - Administration of national preserves
- "16 U.S. Code § 3201 - Administration of national preserves". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
- "16 U.S. Code § 3126 - Closure to subsistence uses". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- "What's In a Name? Discover National Park System Designations (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Trani, Margaret Katherine (2001). "Southern Forest Resource Assessment" (PDF). USDA Forest Service: 30.
- National Park Service - Big Cypress National Preserve
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