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Natchez National Historical Park
Melrose, one of the sites preserved in the park
|Location||Natchez, Adams County, Mississippi, USA|
NATCHEZ NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK Latitude and Longitude:
|Area||108.07 acres (0.4373 km2)|
|Website||Natchez National Historical Park|
|NRHP reference #||01000276 |
|Added to NRHP||October 7, 1988|
The park consists of three separate sites:
Fort Rosalie is the site of a former fortification from the 18th century, built by the French. It was later renamed Fort Panmure and controlled in turn by Great Britain, Spain, and the United States. The fort site is not open to the public.
Both Melrose and the William Johnson House contain furnishings related to life in antebellum Natchez and other exhibits. The collection at Melrose's two-story Greek Revival mansion and its slave quarters include painted floor cloths, mahogany, a punkah, a set of Rococo Revival parlor furniture, a set of Gothic Revival dining room chairs, and bookcases with books dating to the 18th century. These were collected from Natchez families, including the McMurran family. The collection in the Johnson house includes furnishings from his life and family. Archaeological objects found in the park are also on display.
The National Historical Park was authorized on October 7, 1988 ( Pub.L. 100–479, H.R. 4457). The William Johnson House was added to it on September 28, 1990 ( Pub.L. 101–379, H.R. 4501). As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Fort Rosalie was already included in the National Register as part of the 1972 NRHP-listed Natchez Bluffs and Under-the-Hill Historic District; the William Johnson House, at 210 State St., is a few blocks from the Fort Rosalie site and is both separately NRHP-listed and also included in the Natchez On-Top-of-the-Hill Historic District. Melrose is located about two miles southwest of Fort Rosalie.
- The National Parks: Index 2001–2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior.
- Official NPS website: Natchez National Historical Park