Nassau County, Florida Article

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Nassau County, Florida
County
County of Nassau
Fernandina Beach, FL, Courthouse, Nassau County, 08-09-2010 (7).JPG
Nassau County Courthouse
Seal of Nassau County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Nassau County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 29, 1824
Named for Duchy of Nassau
Seat Fernandina Beach
Largest community Yulee
Area
 • Total726 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Land649 sq mi (1,681 km2)
 • Water77 sq mi (199 km2), 10.6%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)82,721 [1]
 • Density127/sq mi (49/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/ −4
Website www.nassaucountyfl.com

Nassau County is a county of the U.S. state of Florida. According to the United States Census, the county's population was 82,721 in 2017. [2]

The county seat and the largest incorporated city is Fernandina Beach. Nassau County is part of the Jacksonville metropolitan area, which was home to 1,478,212 people in 2017. [3] The county is situated in Northeast Florida with a land area of 726 square miles (1,880 km2). Population growth in the county has increased by over 25,000 residents since the year 2000 as a result of Nassau's proximity to downtown Jacksonville, new housing developments, agricultural production, tourism locations, and a diversifying tax base with new industrial and commercial companies moving to the county. [4] [5] Nassau County is also a popular choice of residence for military personnel stationed on bases in nearby Duval County ( NAS Jacksonville, NS Mayport) and Camden County ( Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay).

History

Nassau County was created in 1824 from Duval County. It was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany.

Law and government

Robert M. Foster Justice Center in Yulee

The main environmental and agricultural body is the Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works closely with other area agencies.

County Commissioners

Nassau County is governed by the five-member Nassau County Board of County Commissioners, who are elected to four-year terms by the voters. The terms are staggered so that either three or two commissioners (alternately) are up for election every two years. The Nassau County Commissioners consists of the five members below: [6]

Commissioner Term
Daniel Leeper 2016-2020
Stephen Kelley 2014-2018
Pat Edwards (Chair) 2016-2020
George Spicer 2014-2018
Justin Taylor (Vice Chair) 2016-2020

Ocean Highway & Port Authority

Ocean Highway & Port Authority of Nassau County Florida
AbbreviationOHPA
Formation1941
Type agency
Headquarters Fernandina Beach, Florida
Location
  • 86130 License Road
Region served
Nassau County, Florida
Port Director
Laura DiBella
Website www.portoffernandina.org

The Ocean Highway & Port Authority (OHPA) is the independent government agency in Nassau County, Florida, that owns and operates the seaport system at the Port of Fernandina. OHPA was founded in 1941 by the Florida Legislature. [7]

The Port of Fernandina is used for terminal service for pulp and paper as well as steel exports, machinery, auto parts, chemicals, beverages, chemicals, building materials and food products. Container lines from the port serve routes to Colombia, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Aruba, Curaçao, and Bermuda.

OHPA Commissioners

  • Chairman: Adam Salzburg
  • Vice-Chairman: Carrol Franklin
  • Robert Sturgess
  • Danny Fullwood
  • Lissa Braddock

Police

Nassau County Sheriff's Office provides services for the citizens of Nassau County. The Office of the Sheriff has a duty to enforce both the Florida Constitution and Florida state laws and statutes, and to provide for the security, safety and well being of its citizens. This is accomplished through the delivery of law enforcement services, the operation of the Nassau County Jail and Detention Center, and the provision of court security. The Nassau County Sheriff's Office Headquarters is in Yulee. [8] The Sheriff is Bill Leeper. [9] [10]

Court Houses

The Nassau County Courthouse in Fernandina Beach is a historic two-story red brick courthouse built in 1891.

The Robert M. Foster Justice Center is in Yulee. It was opened in 2004 to augment the historic Nassau County Courthouse location. This facility contains over 111,000 square feet and cost over $20 million to build. [11]

Climate

Like much of the south Atlantic region of the United States, Nassau County has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with mild weather during winters and hot and humid weather during summers. Seasonal rainfall is concentrated in the warmest months from May through September, while the driest months are from November through April. Due to Yulee's low latitude and proximity to the coast it allows for very little cold weather, and winters are typically mild and sunny. [12]

Climate data for Nassau County, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 63.0
(17.2)
65.8
(18.8)
71.2
(21.8)
76.8
(24.9)
83.3
(28.5)
88.0
(31.1)
90.6
(32.6)
89.3
(31.8)
85.6
(29.8)
79.2
(26.2)
72.2
(22.3)
64.9
(18.3)
77.5
(25.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 53.8
(12.1)
56.5
(13.6)
61.9
(16.6)
67.7
(19.8)
75.0
(23.9)
80.4
(26.9)
82.6
(28.1)
82.1
(27.8)
79.2
(26.2)
72.1
(22.3)
63.9
(17.7)
56.3
(13.5)
69.3
(20.7)
Average low °F (°C) 44.5
(6.9)
47.2
(8.4)
52.6
(11.4)
58.6
(14.8)
66.7
(19.3)
72.8
(22.7)
74.6
(23.7)
74.9
(23.8)
72.8
(22.7)
65.0
(18.3)
55.6
(13.1)
47.6
(8.7)
61.1
(16.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.42
(86.9)
3.20
(81.3)
3.92
(99.6)
2.82
(71.6)
2.31
(58.7)
5.27
(133.9)
5.52
(140.2)
5.82
(147.8)
6.91
(175.5)
4.59
(116.6)
2.08
(52.8)
2.95
(74.9)
48.81
(1,239.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.1 8.4 8.4 5.9 6.0 11.5 11.9 12.5 11.8 8.1 7.3 8.2 109.1
Source: NOAA (1981-2010 Normals) [13] [14]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 726 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 649 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 77 square miles (200 km2) (10.6%) is water. [15] The city of Fernandina Beach is on Amelia Island, the county's one inhabited island. Fernandina Beach municipality extends across the Intracoastal Waterway along A1A to Yulee.

Topography

There are 12 distinct topographical zones in Nassau County. Most of these zones run in narrow bands stretching from north to south, although this is less true as one approaches the Atlantic coast.

  1. Directly against the western border with Baker County, the topography ranges from fairly flat to slightly elevated. Drainage is poor and the soil is sandy.
  2. Moving east, there are some areas (mostly in the northern and central county) of higher ground with much better drainage.
  3. East of these areas are some lower places, especially in the south, that are level and have extremely poor drainage.
  4. Eastward again, there is a stretch that ranges from a few miles in the extreme northern areas to about 6-8 miles (13 km) wide in the southern area, including Hilliard and much of County Road 108 and State Road 301. This area again has very poor drainage, low-lying land, and fairly sandy soil.
  5. East of this are scattered areas of high, sandy land with spotty or poor drainage.
  6. East of this, there is an area including Callahan with very sandy soil on top, and clay underneath. This section of the county is heavily permeated by small creeks and rivers, which bring with them low, poorly drained soils. This zone extends across the entire county from north to south at a fairly consistent width of about 3-4 miles (6.4 km), except in the north, where it widens to nearly 6 miles (9.7 km) across.
  7. East of this area is a large band of land with a consistent width of about 8 miles (13 km). The land is low and level with extremely poor drainage, and it is permeated by small creeks and rivers. In the northern section, this is where some tributaries join the St. Marys River, while in the south a number of tributaries drain into the Nassau River, which flows into the Nassau Sound and the Atlantic Ocean.
  8. East of this area is a section of land about 3 miles (4.8 km) in width that has extremely sandy soils with bad drainage all around.
  9. Further eastward is a large area, including Yulee and O'Neil, about 4 miles (6.4 km) in width, with poor drainage and sandy soil at higher elevations, pockmarked by large areas of low lands with even worse drainage.
  10. To the south is an area of low-lying, organic soils which are essentially marshes and wetlands along the northern bank of the Nassau River, continuing into the Nassau Sound.
  11. Still eastward and somewhat to the north is a large area of marshes and organic soils which characterize area wetlands. There are many small islands in this area, and it is permeated by the Bells River and Jolly River, which empty into the Cumberland Sound to the north, just below Cumberland Island.
  12. Amelia Island, the easternmost section of the county, is characterized by poor drainage in the west and better drained, higher, sandier land as one travels eastward towards the beach. The northern area of the island features salty marshlands surrounding Egan's Creek, which runs directly beneath Atlantic Boulevard in Fernandina Beach.

Adjacent counties

Transportation

Airports

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18301,511
18401,89225.2%
18502,16414.4%
18603,64468.4%
18704,24716.5%
18806,63556.2%
18908,29425.0%
19009,65416.4%
191010,5259.0%
192011,3407.7%
19309,375−17.3%
194010,82615.5%
195012,81118.3%
196017,18934.2%
197020,62620.0%
198032,89459.5%
199043,94133.6%
200057,66331.2%
201073,31427.1%
Est. 201782,721 [16]12.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]
1790-1960 [18] 1900-1990 [19]
1990-2000 [20] 2010-2015 [2]

As of the census [21] of 2000, there were 57,663 people, 21,980 households, and 16,528 families residing in the county. The population density was 34/km² (88/sq mi). There were 25,917 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (40/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.02% White, 7.74% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2000 Census, the largest European ancestry groups in Nassau County were: English (36.2%), Irish (13.6%) and German (11.7%).

There were 21,980 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,022, and the median income for a family was $52,477. Males had a median income of $37,027 versus $25,443 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,836. About 6.40% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Nassau County's economy is very diverse, ranging from agricultural activity (mostly in the form of tree farms) in the west and central areas, to a variety of activities closer to Amelia Island. Much of the land used for tree farming is owned by Rayonier, a major employer in the area, and the owner of a large pulp mill in Fernandina Beach. Historically, tree farming, trucking, and pulp production have characterized a large portion of the local economy. However, extensive growth is occurring in the outlying small towns in the rural western area, and the home construction market is still quite strong. Fernandina Beach has long been known for professional industries such as real estate, legal services, and medical care, and is also the closest city to two upscale resorts: the Ritz-Carlton Hotel and Amelia Island Plantation. In the central area of the county, a private tract of land known as the White Oak Conservation was once owned by a wealthy family who ran the area as a private zoo, complete with exotic animals such as giraffes and large albino cats. Numerous public figures, including former President Bill Clinton, have traveled to the resort in the past as a vacation spot.

Nassau County has several outdoor festivals and events. The county is home to two world-class golf courses: The Golf Club at North Hampton was designed in part by Arnold Palmer, and is over 7,000 acres, has 18 holes and a 72 par. [22] and the Amelia National Golf & Country Club, designed by Tom Fazio which has 18 holes and a 72 par. [23] [24]

The Nassau County Economic Development Board, which represents all of Nassau County as a desirable place to relocate a business or to expand a business. [25] In November 2017 it was announced that the University of Florida will be building two health and fitness facilities. [26] In January 2018 the large energy company Florida Public Utilities announced that they will be relocating to Yulee and will be building a new 55,000 square foot corporate headquarters. [27]

In 2017 Rayonier completed building a new corporate headquarters in Yulee. [28] Rayonier also plans to develop a 24,000 acre pine forest in Yulee into a community complete with housing, offices, medical facilities, shopping centers, light industrial facilities and schools. The development, starting with 4,200 acres and is called Wildlight. Rayonier is also working with Nassau County to develop the Wildlight Elementary School at a cost of $26 million which is scheduled to open for the start of the 2017-2018 academic year with 600 students. [29]

Fernandina Beach Municipal Airport, a general aviation airport and former military airbase that is also now used at times by the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Coast Guard and the Florida Air National Guard and is in Amelia Island three nautical miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Fernandina Beach. It is designated as a reliever airport for Jacksonville International Airport. [30]

Hilliard is home to a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Air Traffic Control Center, which coordinates most commercial and civilian air traffic for the southeastern United States. The FAA center is a major employer in Hilliard and there are many retired FAA employees who live in Nassau County.

The Florida Welcome Center in the county is a "tourist information house", near the Florida/ Georgia state line on I-95. This center provides incoming visitors with a variety of information on travel, highways, sports, climate, accommodations, cities, outdoor recreation, and attractions. In tribute to the citrus industry (which historically has been a major part of Florida's economy), every visitor is offered a free cup of Florida citrus juice ( orange or grapefruit). [31]

Top employers

According to the Nassau County website as of January 2018, [32] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees in 2018
1 Nassau County School District 1,598
2 The Omni Amelia Island Plantation 1,200
3 Nassau County Government 672
4 The Ritz-Carlton, Amelia Island 650
5 Federal Aviation Administration 550
6 WestRock 445
7 Baptist Medical Center Nassau 420
8 Rayonier Advanced Materials 300
9 Care Centers of Nassau 250
10 Rayonier 249

Education

Public - Nassau County School District

Nassau County Public School District operates public schools. Its schools are below:

Elementary schools:

  • Bryceville Elementary (K-5) - Bryceville
  • Callahan Elementary (PreK-2) - Callahan
  • Callahan Intermediate (3-5) - Callahan
  • Emma Love Hardee Elementary (3-5) - Fernandina Beach
  • Hilliard Elementary (PreK-5) - Hilliard
  • Southside Elementary (PreK-2) - Fernandina Beach
  • Yulee Elementary (3-5) - Yulee
  • Yulee Primary (PreK-2) - Yulee
  • Wildlight Elementary (K-5) - Wildlight

Middle schools:

  • Callahan Middle (6-8) (Mascot: Ramblers) - Callahan
  • Fernandina Beach Middle (6-8) (Mascot: Pirates) - Fernandina Beach
  • Yulee Middle (6-8) (Mascot: Hornets) - Yulee

High schools:

Middle-senior high schools:

Private schools

  • Amelia Island Montessori ( Pre Kindergarten-8) - Fernandina Beach
  • Faith Christian Academy (Pre- Kindergarten-8) - Fernandina Beach
  • Fernandina Beach Christian Academy ( Kindergarten-5th (2015) - Fernandina Beach
  • Nassau Christian School ( Pre Kindergarten-12) - Yulee
  • St. Michaels Academy (Pre Kindergarten-8) - Fernandina Beach
  • Sonshine Christian School( Pre Kindergarten-12) - Callahan

Higher education

Florida State College at Jacksonville, a state college in the Florida College System, has a campus in Nassau County near Yulee called the Betty Cook Center. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools to award associates degrees and bachelor's degrees.

Libraries

The Nassau County Public Library has 5 branches.

A major renovation of the Fernandina Beach branch was completed in 2015 and a grand opening of the branch was held in April, 2016. The newly renovated library, at 25 North 4th Street, doubled its size to approximately 16,000 square feet. Per the Nassau County Public Library's long range plan for 2013-2017, this renovation brought that building, originally opened in 1976, up to current Nassau County code. A resolution between the City of Fernandina Beach and Nassau County was also passed that details the ownership of the Library facility and Library operations. The Fernandina Beach branch also houses over one thousand titles that belong to the Amelia Island Genealogical Society. The materials are available for public use at the library.

  • Bryceville
  • Callahan
  • Fernandina Beach [33]
  • Hilliard
  • Yulee

Media

There are three newspapers in Nassau County. The largest, the Fernandina Beach News-Leader is owned by Community Newspapers Incorporated, a media company headed by Tom Wood and Dink NeSmith. The Nassau County Record is also owned by Community Newspapers Incorporated. Both of these periodicals are available by subscription or from newsstands. The Westside Journal, an independent newspaper, is published by Florida Sun Printing, and is available for free through the mail and usually features submitted copy.

Municipalities and Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Gallery of Municipalities and Communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Nassau County vote
by party in presidential elections
[34]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 72.92% 34,266 23.13% 10,869 3.95% 1,857
2012 73.67% 29,929 25.23% 10,251 1.10% 445
2008 71.38% 27,403 27.66% 10,618 0.97% 371
2004 72.64% 23,783 26.18% 8,573 1.18% 387
2000 68.98% 16,408 29.24% 6,955 1.78% 424
1996 57.36% 12,141 34.38% 7,277 8.26% 1,749
1992 51.54% 9,367 30.28% 5,503 18.18% 3,304
1988 66.59% 8,374 32.95% 4,143 0.46% 58
1984 69.76% 8,039 30.23% 3,484 0.01% 1
1980 50.60% 5,440 47.20% 5,074 2.20% 237
1976 34.31% 3,136 64.51% 5,896 1.18% 108
1972 79.44% 5,078 20.23% 1,293 0.33% 21
1968 19.91% 1,301 24.46% 1,598 55.63% 3,634
1964 52.98% 3,134 47.02% 2,781
1960 33.67% 1,666 66.33% 3,282
1956 38.31% 1,717 61.69% 2,765
1952 40.82% 1,731 59.18% 2,510
1948 19.60% 540 55.10% 1,518 25.30% 697
1944 21.79% 527 78.21% 1,892
1940 18.23% 421 81.77% 1,888
1936 18.10% 242 81.90% 1,095
1932 19.71% 296 80.29% 1,206
1928 65.13% 863 33.58% 445 1.28% 17
1924 13.86% 106 80.65% 617 5.49% 42
1920 22.52% 281 72.12% 900 5.37% 67
1916 15.75% 94 70.35% 420 13.90% 83
1912 7.14% 38 82.89% 441 9.97% 53
1908 14.81% 92 75.04% 466 10.14% 63
1904 21.24% 161 67.15% 509 11.61% 88

Notable people

Historic places

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/nassaucountyflorida/PST045217
  2. ^ a b "Nassau County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  3. ^ Jacksonville Metro population
  4. ^ [company. https://www.nassaucountyfl.com/DocumentCenter/View/13470]
  5. ^ Article about Nassau County growth
  6. ^ The Commissioners
  7. ^ About the founding of OHPA
  8. ^ About the Nassau County Sheriff's Office
  9. ^ Office, Nassau County Sheriff's. "Nassau County Sheriff's Office » Patrol". nassauso.com. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  10. ^ Office, Nassau County Sheriff's. "Nassau County Sheriff's Office » Sheriff". nassauso.com. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  11. ^ About the Robert M. Foster Justice Center
  12. ^ "Yulee, Florida Detailed Profile". City-Data.com. 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
  13. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  14. ^ "Station Name: FL YULEE". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  22. ^ "North Hampton Golf Club Fernandina Beach, FL". Hampton Golf Clubs. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  23. ^ Duane Kennerson. "Amelia National Golf & Country Club - Amelia National Golf & Country Club". Amelianationalgolf.com. Retrieved 2015-08-09.
  24. ^ About Amelia National Golf & Country Club
  25. ^ About NCEDB
  26. ^ UF Health and Fitness facilities
  27. ^ Florida Public Utilities announces new headquarters in Yulee
  28. ^ About the new Rayonier Headquarters
  29. ^ About the Wildlight Elementary School
  30. ^ Fernandina Beach Municipal Airport: History
  31. ^ Promotion Corporation - State of Florida
  32. ^ "Major Employers". http://nassauflorida.com. Retrieved January 28, 2018. External link in |website= ( help)
  33. ^ "Fernandina Beach Library Update". Rotary Club of Fernandina Beach. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  34. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  35. ^ Berger, Joseph. "Raymond A. Brown, Civil Rights Lawyer, Dies at 94", The New York Times, October 11, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2009.
  36. ^ http://jacksonville.com/tu-online/stories/090101/nes_7159685.shtml#.WJ4mwK8zWUk
  37. ^ http://jacksonville.com/tu-online/stories/062503/nen_12865055.shtml#.WJ4nNq8zWUk
  38. ^ "Before Vanderpump Rules, Tom Schwartz Was a Fairy on This Popular Vampire Show". Bravo TV Official Site. 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  39. ^ Feldman, Ari (August 20, 2017). "Why Are There No Statues Of Jewish Confederate Judah Benjamin To Tear Down?". Forward. Retrieved September 6, 2017. There is only one known statue of a Jewish Confederate leader. It depicts David Levy Yulee, an industrialist, plantation owner and Confederate senator from Florida, and it shows him sitting on a bench.

Further reading

  • Jan H. Johannes, Yesterday's Reflections, (1976, 1984)
  • Jan H. Johannes, Yesterday's Reflections II, (2000) ISBN  0-9677419-0-4
  • Jan H. Johannes, Tidewater Amelia: Historic homes & buildings of Amelia Island, Cumberland Island, St. Marys, Fort George Island, (2002) ISBN  0-9677419-2-0

External links

Economy

Local media

Cultural

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch


NASSAU COUNTY FLORIDA Latitude and Longitude:

30°37′N 81°46′W / 30.61°N 81.77°W / 30.61; -81.77