Morrill County, Nebraska Article

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Morrill County, Nebraska
Morrill County, Nebraska courthouse from E 1.JPG
Map of Nebraska highlighting Morrill County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded1908
Named for Charles Henry Morrill
Seat Bridgeport
Largest cityBridgeport
Area
 • Total1,430 sq mi (3,704 km2)
 • Land1,424 sq mi (3,688 km2)
 • Water6.0 sq mi (16 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)4,836
 • Density3.4/sq mi (1.3/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/ −6
Website www.morrillcountyne.gov

Morrill County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,042. [1] Its county seat is Bridgeport. [2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Morrill County is represented by the prefix 64 (it had the sixty-fourth-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History

The Battle of Mud Springs and the Battle of Rush Creek between the US Army and Cheyenne, Lakota Sioux, and Arapaho occurred in 1865 within what would become Morrill County.

On 3 November 1908, voters in Cheyenne County passed a measure calling for the division of that county. Accordingly, the Nebraska State Legislature passed an act providing for the division of Cheyenne County, the line of division running east-west, south of the town of Bridgeport. The northern portion so divided was to be called Morrill County. In December of that year, another election determined Bridgeport to be the seat of the new county, and the new county's officials were determined. [3] The county was named for Charles Henry Morrill, a president of the Lincoln Land Company. [4]

Geography

The terrain of Morrill County consists of low rolling hills. A portion of the area is utilized for agriculture, including some center pivot irrigation. The North Platte River flows east-southeastward through the lower central part of the county, passing Bridgeport before exiting the county some four miles (6 km) above the SE county corner. [5] The county has a total area of 1,430 square miles (3,700 km2), of which 1,424 square miles (3,690 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (0.4%) is water. [6]

Chimney Rock, a rock formation 325 feet (99 m) tall with a 120-foot (37 m) spire, lies about four miles (six kilometers) south of Bayard, in western Morrill County. The rock was a prominent landmark on the Oregon Trail, and has become a symbol of Nebraska, appearing on the state's license plates and on its commemorative quarter. [7] [8] [9]

Adjacent counties

Main highways

  • US Highway 385 – runs north-south through central part of county
  • US Highway 26 – runs northwest-southeast along north side of North Platte River
  • Nebraska Highway 92 – runs SE from west border to intersection with US. 26 near Broadwater
  • Nebraska Highway 88 - runs E from a point above SW corner of county; turns N to intersection with US 26 near Bridgeport. [5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19104,584
19209,15199.6%
19309,9508.7%
19409,436−5.2%
19508,263−12.4%
19607,057−14.6%
19705,813−17.6%
19806,0854.7%
19905,423−10.9%
20005,4400.3%
20105,042−7.3%
Est. 20174,836 [10]−4.1%
US Decennial Census [11]
1790-1960 [12] 1900-1990 [13]
1990-2000 [14] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2000 United States Census, [15] there were 5,440 people, 2,138 households, and 1,494 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,460 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.68% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 4.12% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 10.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.5% were of German, 9.2% English, 7.3% Irish and 6.7% American ancestry.

There were 2,138 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,235, and the median income for a family was $36,673. Males had a median income of $27,107 versus $19,271 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,725. About 10.00% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Politics and government

Morrill County is in Nebraska's Third Congressional District. [16] As of 2017, it was represented in the US House of Representatives by Adrian Smith, a member of the Republican Party. [17] As of 2017, the county was part of the state's 47th legislative district, [18] and was represented in the Nebraska Legislature by Steve Erdman; Erdman is a member of the Republican Party, though the Legislature is officially nonpartisan. [19]

As of late 2016, there were 3314 registered voters in Morrill County. Of these, 2175, or 65.6%, were Republicans; 591, or 17.8%, were Democrats; 522, or 15.8%, registered no political party; and 26, or 0.8%, were Libertarians. [20]

Morrill County voters are reliably Republican in national politics. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results [21]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 81.6% 1,802 12.9% 284 5.6% 123
2012 76.8% 1,681 20.8% 455 2.5% 54
2008 73.4% 1,725 23.7% 557 2.9% 69
2004 76.5% 1,755 21.6% 495 1.9% 43
2000 74.7% 1,597 21.5% 460 3.8% 81
1996 58.9% 1,296 28.2% 620 13.0% 286
1992 46.9% 1,185 22.8% 577 30.3% 765
1988 66.8% 1,556 32.4% 754 0.9% 21
1984 79.8% 1,888 19.6% 464 0.6% 14
1980 74.5% 1,893 20.2% 512 5.3% 135
1976 56.8% 1,351 40.8% 971 2.4% 57
1972 77.0% 1,740 23.0% 520
1968 66.5% 1,516 21.0% 480 12.5% 285
1964 57.3% 1,649 42.7% 1,228
1960 62.8% 2,020 37.3% 1,199
1956 63.8% 1,810 36.3% 1,029
1952 73.5% 2,485 26.5% 897
1948 52.8% 1,478 47.2% 1,320
1944 64.3% 1,998 35.7% 1,108
1940 60.1% 2,214 39.9% 1,471
1936 39.8% 1,354 58.7% 1,999 1.5% 51
1932 40.5% 1,406 57.8% 2,008 1.8% 62
1928 74.3% 2,318 24.5% 765 1.2% 38
1924 45.8% 1,153 29.1% 734 25.1% 632
1920 65.5% 1,366 32.0% 667 2.5% 52
1916 32.9% 470 62.2% 888 4.9% 70
1912 20.3% 227 35.0% 391 44.7% 500

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ County History (accessed 25 January 2019)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link) Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Morrill County NE Google Maps (accessed 25 January 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  7. ^ Bauer, Scott. "Nebraska's Popular Chimney Rock Eroding". Washington Post. July 15, 2006. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  8. ^ "Chimney Rock site of Sunday Afternoon at the Rock series". Scottsbluff Star-Herald. February 7, 2017. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  9. ^ "Chimney Rock National Historic Site". City of Bayard. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  16. ^ "Congress—Maps Clearinghouse". Nebraska Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  17. ^ "Adrian Smith". House Republicans. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  18. ^ "Legislature—Maps Clearinghouse. Nebraska Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  19. ^ 2016–17 Nebraska Blue Book, p. 314 for Erdman, p. 276 for nonpartisan Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  20. ^ "Count of Registrants Eligible to Vote". Nebraska Secretary of State. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
  21. ^ Election Results


MORRILL COUNTY NEBRASKA Latitude and Longitude:

41°41′N 103°01′W / 41.69°N 103.01°W / 41.69; -103.01