Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center Article

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Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center
Julien dubuque grave.jpg
Julien Dubuque's monument
Map showing the location of Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center
Map showing the location of Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center
Location of Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center in Iowa
Location Dubuque, Iowa, United States
Coordinates 42°27′45″N 90°39′45″W / 42.46250°N 90.66250°W / 42.46250; -90.66250
MINES OF SPAIN STATE RECREATION AREA AND E. B. LYONS NATURE CENTER Latitude and Longitude:

42°27′45″N 90°39′45″W / 42.46250°N 90.66250°W / 42.46250; -90.66250
Area1,380 acres (5.6 km2)
Elevation751 ft (229 m) [1]
Established1981
Named for Julien Dubuque's Mines
Governing bodyIowa Department of Natural Resources
Julien Dubuque's Mines
Built1897
Architect Alexander Simplot; Carter Bros.
Architectural styleLate Gothic Revival
MPSMines of Spain Archeological MPS
NRHP reference # 88002662
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 21, 1988 [2]
Designated NHLDNovember 04, 1993 [3]
View of Horseshoe Bluff from base

The Mines of Spain State Recreation Area and E. B. Lyons Nature Center is a state park in Dubuque County, Iowa, USA. It is near Dubuque, the eighth-largest city in the state. The park features picnic areas, 15 miles (24 km) of walking/hiking trails, 4 miles (6.4 km) of ski trails, and the Betty Hauptli Bird and Butterfly Garden. It also includes archaeological sites of national importance as an early lead mining and smelting venture led by French explorer Julien Dubuque, as well as Dubuque's gravesite. These sites were collectively designated a National Historic Landmark District as Julien Dubuque's Mines.

History

Dubuque's grave site, reading: Julien Dubuque. Miner of the Mines of Spain. Founder of Our City. Died March 24, 1810

Meskwaki Indians were believed to be the first people in the area, residing in the area for up to 8000 years previous to discovery by Julien Dubuque, believed to be the first European to set foot in Iowa. The Meskwaki had been trading furs with French Voyageurs, as well as mining lead in the area. The Governor of Spain gave Dubuque a grant to work Spanish-owned land, naming the 1,380-acre (560 ha) area The Mines of Spain. Mining would continue by the Meskwaki, then by European settlers until 1914. These activities left a complex of archaeological sites, including prehistoric native settlement sites, the mining village of the Meskwaki, Dubuque's trading post, the mining areas themselves, and later mining-related areas.

Unique features

From a horseshoe-shaped area, Horseshoe Bluff, the geology of the area is visible. Ordovician dolomite is evident, and two trails lead to a blind.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mines of Spain State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 2000-01-01. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ "Julien Dubuque's Mines". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-10-10.

External links