Mercer County, Missouri Article

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Mercer County, Missouri
Mercer County Missouri Courthouse 20151003-051.jpg
Mercer County Courthouse in downtown Princeton
Map of Missouri highlighting Mercer County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 14, 1845
Named for John Francis Mercer
Seat Princeton
Largest cityPrinceton
Area
 • Total455 sq mi (1,178 km2)
 • Land454 sq mi (1,176 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015)3,694
 • Density8.3/sq mi (3.2/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5

Mercer County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,785, [1] making it the second-least populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Princeton. [2] The county was organized February 14, 1845 and named for General John F. Mercer of the Revolutionary War.

History

Early years

Mercer County was organized February 14, 1845, from part of Grundy County. [3] It is named in honor of General John Francis Mercer, who fought and died in the American Revolutionary War. The first permanent settlements in what is now Mercer County were in 1837, when a few families from other parts of Missouri moved to the area. James Parsons, a Tennessee native, is generally considered to be the first permanent settler, in the spring of 1837. [4] The land was still included as part of Livingston County at that time and would remain so until 1841 when it would become part of the newly created Grundy County. Prior to 1837, the land was used by Native American tribes, primarily the Sac/Fox and Potawatomi, as prime hunting grounds. The occasional temporary hunting village would be established by the tribes; otherwise, the land was devoid of humans. The town of Princeton, named for the battle where General Mercer was killed, was established as the county seat in 1847. [5] The northern boundary of the county was in dispute for the first six years of its existence due to the Honey War, a bloodless territorial dispute between Missouri and Iowa. The boundary was 9.5 miles farther north than present day prior to an 1851 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court.

Civil War

Mercer County, like its neighbor to the east Putnam County, was a staunch supporter of the Union. Most county residents had roots in northern U.S. states "back east" like Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana, and did not have the strong slave-holding tradition of other northern Missouri counties like Macon, Audrain, and Monroe (commonly referred to as Little Dixie), whose population largely emigrated from Southern states. In the 1860 U.S. Census, only 12 Mercer County families were listed as slave owners, with a combined total of 24 slaves. [6] Fewer than 20 Mercer County men fought for the Confederacy, while well over 1,000 volunteered for Union service. Among the units containing men from Mercer County were the 23rd, 27th and 35th Regiments, the 2nd and 12th Cavalry, the 5th Kansas Cavalry, and various smaller units of the Missouri State Militia. [7] The 44th Missouri Infantry (USA), consisting of men from Mercer, Grundy, Sullivan, and other northwest Missouri counties, served a pivotal role in the Union victory at the Battle of Franklin, TN, on November 30, 1864.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 455 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 454 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.3%) is water. [8]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,691
18609,300245.6%
187011,55724.3%
188014,67327.0%
189014,581−0.6%
190014,7060.9%
191012,335−16.1%
192011,281−8.5%
19309,350−17.1%
19408,766−6.2%
19507,235−17.5%
19605,750−20.5%
19704,910−14.6%
19804,685−4.6%
19903,723−20.5%
20003,7570.9%
20103,7850.7%
Est. 20163,699 [9]−2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [14] of 2010, there were 3,785 people, 1,600 households, and 1,089 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,125 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.72% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Approximately 0.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,600 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.90% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,640, and the median income for a family was $35,313. Males had a median income of $26,690 versus $19,814 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,140. About 10.20% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public libraries

  • Mercer County Library [15]

Politics

Local

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Mercer County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county. In the 2016 presidential election Mercer County had the highest Republican turnout in the state of Missouri with greater than 85% of the population voting for Donald Trump.

Mercer County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Diane Blunk Republican
Circuit Clerk Tammy Crouse Republican
County Clerk Judy Hamilton Republican
Collector Susan Moore Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Jerry Allen Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Shane Grooms Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Zachary Martin Republican
Coroner Douglas B. Priest Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Ryan W. Horsman Republican
Public Administrator Kelli Judd Republican
Recorder Tammy Crouse Republican
Sheriff Steve Stockman Republican
Treasurer Susan Moore Republican

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.58% 1,224 26.61% 455 1.81% 31
2012 66.26% 1,090 30.58% 503 3.16% 52
2008 60.29% 1,043 35.84% 620 3.87% 67
2004 69.69% 1,237 29.24% 519 1.07% 19
2000 64.20% 1,144 34.01% 606 1.79% 32
1996 34.10% 516 64.24% 972 1.65% 25

All of Mercer County is a part of Missouri's 3rd District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is represented by Nate Walker (R- Kirksville).

Missouri House of Representatives — District 3 — Mercer County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Nate Walker 1,510 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 3 — Mercer County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Nate Walker 1,018 100.00% +24.34
Missouri House of Representatives — District 3 — Mercer County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Nate Walker 1,220 74.66%
Democratic Rebecca McClanahan 414 25.34%

All of Mercer County is a part of Missouri’s 12th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Dan Hegeman (R- Cosby).

Missouri Senate — District 12 — Mercer County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Dan Hegeman 986 100.00%

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Mercer County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 1,231 72.37% +22.34
Democratic Jason Kander 396 23.28% -17.58
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 28 1.65% -7.46
Green Johnathan McFarland 18 1.06% +1.06
Constitution Fred Ryman 28 1.65% +1.65
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Mercer County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 813 50.03%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 664 40.86%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 148 9.11%

All of Mercer County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R- Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Mercer County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 1,444 86.00% +4.89
Democratic David M. Blackwell 197 11.73% -2.66
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 30 1.79% -2.71
Green Mike Diel 8 0.48% +0.48
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Mercer County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 992 81.11% +0.03
Democratic Bill Hedge 176 14.39% -2.24
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 55 4.50% +2.21
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Mercer County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 1,311 81.08%
Democratic Kyle Yarber 269 16.63%
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 37 2.29%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 85.2% 1,486 12.4% 216 2.5% 43
2012 75.8% 1,255 21.3% 353 2.8% 47
2008 66.9% 1,169 29.7% 519 3.4% 60
2004 66.4% 1,207 32.0% 582 1.5% 28
2000 67.9% 1,250 30.1% 555 2.0% 37
1996 41.8% 660 44.3% 700 14.0% 221
1992 33.9% 626 45.6% 843 20.6% 380
1988 49.9% 875 50.0% 877 0.1% 2
1984 58.4% 1,229 41.6% 875
1980 58.7% 1,266 38.0% 821 3.3% 71
1976 46.4% 1,025 53.3% 1,177 0.2% 5
1972 72.4% 1,592 27.6% 607
1968 60.8% 1,406 33.8% 783 5.4% 125
1964 44.8% 1,040 55.3% 1,284
1960 67.3% 2,354 32.7% 1,146
1956 64.7% 2,035 35.3% 1,109
1952 72.4% 2,482 27.3% 936 0.3% 10
1948 61.2% 1,595 38.7% 1,008 0.1% 2
1944 68.4% 2,249 31.5% 1,035 0.1% 4
1940 67.0% 2,787 32.8% 1,364 0.2% 10
1936 59.9% 2,757 39.8% 1,834 0.3% 14
1932 46.8% 1,357 52.4% 1,520 0.8% 24
1928 75.5% 2,869 24.4% 925 0.1% 4
1924 62.5% 2,508 30.2% 1,209 7.3% 293
1920 74.2% 3,170 24.4% 1,044 1.4% 60
1916 61.1% 1,733 36.8% 1,042 2.1% 60
1912 34.9% 995 27.3% 780 37.8% 1,078
1908 68.1% 1,909 30.4% 852 1.5% 41
1904 68.2% 1,896 29.5% 819 2.4% 66
1900 62.8% 1,973 35.2% 1,106 2.0% 63
1896 57.7% 1,958 41.4% 1,405 0.9% 29
1892 55.8% 1,643 27.5% 809 16.8% 495
1888 62.9% 1,921 35.9% 1,097 1.2% 35

Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D- New York) received more votes, a total of 141, than any candidate from either party in Mercer County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Mercer County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain114 (27.74%)
Mike Huckabee132 (32.12%)
Mitt Romney62 (15.09%)
Ron Paul91 (22.14%)
Mercer County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton141 (60.52%)
Barack Obama80 (34.33%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)10 (4.29%)

Communities

Cities

Village

Census-designated place

Other communities

Historical communities

Source [17]

Townships

Source [18]

  • Harrison
  • Lindley
  • Madison
  • Marion
  • Medicine
  • Morgan
  • Ravanna
  • Somerset
  • Washington

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Missouri Secretary of State, Missouri History: What are the Origins of Missouri Counties?
  4. ^ A Directory of Towns, Villages and Hamlets of Mercer County, Missouri by Arthur Paul Mosler.
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of the History of Missouri, Edited by Howard L. Conard Vol. IV, Pages 327-328. Published 1901
  6. ^ The Post-Telegraph newspaper, Mercer, Missouri. April 1960.
  7. ^ Rogers' Souvenir History of Mercer County, by W.B. Rogers. 714 pages. Published 1911.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Mercer County Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  17. ^ USGenWeb: GNIS Query Results, Mercer County, Missouri
  18. ^ USGenWeb Project, Mercer County, Missouri

External links


MERCER COUNTY MISSOURI Latitude and Longitude:

40°25′N 93°34′W / 40.42°N 93.57°W / 40.42; -93.57