Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie Information

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This is a list of the member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. These countries belong to an international organisation representing countries and regions where French is the first ("mother") or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers) or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture. [1] [2] [3]

List of member states

  Participation suspended

Country Joined Language Notes
  Albania 1999 Albanian Brief French protectorate in Korçë between 1916 and 1920. Approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language [4] Albania is home to 300,000 French speakers, and it is the second foreign language of education after English.
  Andorra 2004 Catalan
  Armenia 2012 Armenian See Armenia-France relations
  Belgium 1970 officially trilingual, French included French is the native language of about 40% of the population [5] 48% are non-native speakers of French. [6] Belgium's French community is also a member separately. See also: Languages of Belgium and Belgian French
* Wallonia French Community of Belgium 1980 French official language a community of Belgium with its two components Wallonia (excluding the German-speaking community) and Brussels-Capital Region (its French-speaking majority)
  Benin 1970 French former French colony
  Bulgaria 1993 Bulgarian French is spoken as a foreign language by 9% of the Bulgarian people, and taught as a main foreign language in about 25% of primary schools. [7]
  Burkina Faso 1970 French former French colony
  Burundi 1970 officially trilingual, French former Belgian UN-protectorate
  Cambodia 1993 Khmer former French protectorate (as a part of former French Indochina)
  Cameroon 1991 officially bilingual, French included over 90% of country was a French protectorate (1945–1959)
  Canada 1970 Officially bilingual, French included the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of eastern Canada was part of the first French colonial empire. As of 2004, a government representative from Ontario also attends as part of the Canadian delegation, although Ontario is not yet a participating government in its own right.
*   New Brunswick 1977 officially bilingual, French included considered a "participating government", this province of Canada is officially bilingual English-French and home to the largest community of Acadians.
*   Quebec 1971 French considered a "participating government", this province of Canada has French as its official language and is home to 85% of Canada's native francophones.
  Cape Verde 1996 Portuguese
  Central African Republic 1973 officially bilingual, French included former French colony. The Central African Republic was suspended for instances of la Francophonie at the 88th session of the CPF in March 2012. [8]
  Chad 1970 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
  Comoros 1977 officially trilingual, French included former French colony
  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1977 French former Belgian colony. See also: Languages of the DRC
  Republic of the Congo 1981 French former French colony
  Côte d'Ivoire 1970 French former French colony. See also: Languages of Côte d'Ivoire
  Djibouti 1977 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
  Dominica 1979 English French and then British colony; Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
  Egypt 1983 Arabic (Foreign language and former French colony 1798)
  Equatorial Guinea 1989 (officially trilingual, French included) country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Spanish colony
  France 1970 French
  Gabon 1970 French former French colony
  Greece 2004 Greek
  Guinea 1981 French former French colony.
  Guinea-Bissau 1979 Portuguese country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony. Guinea-Bissau was suspended on 18 April 2012 following a coup d'état. [9]
  Haiti 1970 officially bilingual, French included former French colony
  Laos 1991 Lao; French is spoken former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)
  Lebanon 1973 Arabic and French; French is the secondary language. Under a French mandate from 1920–1943
  Luxembourg 1970 Officially trilingual, French included
  North Macedonia 2001 Macedonian
  Madagascar 1970–1977,
1989
officially bilingual, French included former French colony
  Mali 1970 French former French colony. Mali's membership was suspended in March 2012 due to a coup. [10]
  Mauritania 1980 Arabic former French colony, French is an administrative language. Mauritania's membership was suspended on 26 August 2008, pending democratic elections, after a military coup d'état, [11] then again in April 2009. [12]
  Mauritius 1970 Creole is the mother tongue. French and English are also widely used Dutch, French, and then British colony; French is widely used in commerce and by the media.[ citation needed] French is also a language of instruction in schools.[ citation needed]
  Moldova 1996 Romanian
  Monaco 1970 French independent country enclaved in France
  Morocco 1981 Arabic and Berber former French and Spanish protectorate
  Niger 1970 French former French colony
  Romania 1993 Romanian French is understood and spoken by 26% of the population. [13]
  Rwanda 1970 officially quadralingual with French included former Belgian UN-protectorate. In 2009, became a member of the Commonwealth, but remains a member within Francophonie.
  Saint Lucia 1981 English Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.
  São Tomé and Príncipe 1999 Portuguese
  Senegal 1970 French former French colony
  Seychelles 1976 officially trilingual, French included former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used
   Switzerland 1996 Officially quadrilingual, French included French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.
  Togo 1970 French former French colony
  Tunisia 1970 Arabic former French protectorate
  Vanuatu 1979 officially trilingual former French and British condominium of New Hebrides
  Vietnam 1970 Vietnamese former French protectorate

Associate states

Country Joined Language Notes
  Cyprus 2006 Greek, Turkish Cyprus was ruled by the French-origin Lusignan dynasty from 1192 until 1489. About 12% of the Cyprus population speaks and understands French.
  Ghana 2006 English All land borders with French-speaking countries (all former colonies of French West Africa) and trade partners. Study of French is being made compulsory at the basic educational level and certain subjects will be taught in both English and French. Became Associate Member in 2006. [14]
  Kosovo 2014 Albanian, Serbian Traditional diplomatic and commercial ties with France; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-Kosovo relations.)
  New Caledonia 2016 French, New Caledonian languages Special collectivity of France; former French colony (1853–1946) and overseas territory (1946–1999)
  Serbia 2006 Serbian Traditional diplomatic, military and cultural ties with France; French is widely taught as a second foreign language in schools. See France-Serbia relations.
  United Arab Emirates 2010 Arabic Military and cultural ties with France (see further: France-United Arab Emirates relations)
  Qatar 2012 Arabic Strong military ties with France (see further: France-Qatar relations)

Observers

Country Joined Language Notes
  Argentina 2016 Spanish, others Argentina has the largest French community in Latin America. Today more than 6 million Argentines have some degree of French ancestry (up to 17% of the total population). [15]
  Austria 2004 German
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 2010 Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
  Costa Rica 2014 Spanish
  Croatia 2004 Croatian Part of the Illyrian Provinces under Napoleon's French Empire.

(See further: Croatia-France relations.)

  Czech Republic 1999 Czech
  Dominican Republic 2010 Spanish French colony from 1795 to 1808.
  Estonia 2010 Estonian
  Gambia 2018 English Border with Senegal, a French-speaking country.
  Georgia 2004 Georgian
  Hungary 2004 Hungarian
  Ireland 2018 English, Irish French is the second most common foreign language spoken at home in Ireland (after Polish), and most commonly spoken by those born in Ireland [16]
  Latvia 2008 Latvian
  Lithuania 1999 Lithuanian
*   Louisiana 2018 English; French is an administrative language; Creole and Spanish are also spoken U.S. state with a francophone minority. Once part of the first French colonial empire, now it is home to a strong influence of Cajun, Creole and Haitian language and culture.
  Malta 2018 Maltese, English
  Mexico 2014 Spanish A large number of French immigrants arrived in Mexico since the 1830's and today number over 6 million French descendants.; [17] Second Mexican Empire, a puppet state of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III. [18]
  Montenegro 2010 Montenegrin
  Mozambique 2006 Portuguese Trading partner across Mozambique Channel with French-speaking and former French colony of Madagascar
*   Ontario 2016 English; French is a regional administrative language Province of Canada with a francophone minority, the Franco-Ontarians. Ontario is not officially bilingual in English and French, however the provincial government does provide services in the French language and the francophone minority has its own publicly funded school systems. Also formerly part of New France.
  Poland 1996 Polish Long-standing cultural and historic ties; Henry III of France was King of Poland from 1573–1574, and the Duchy of Warsaw was a client state allied with the First French Empire from 1807–1815; France was home to notable Polish émigrés, e.g. Adam Mickiewicz, Frédéric Chopin, and Marie Skłodowska-Curie.
  South Korea 2016 Korean
  Slovakia 2002 Slovak
  Slovenia 1999 Slovene Part of the Illyrian Provinces under Napoleon's French Empire
  Thailand 2008 Thai Suspended on 27 June 2014 following the 2013–14 political crisis. [19] [20]
  Ukraine 2006 Ukrainian
  Uruguay 2012 Spanish

Other candidates

Some countries could also join the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie on the basis of being part of the French colonial empire including: Algeria, [21] [22] [23] Syria, and Pondicherry and Chandannagar regions of India. In 2016, Saudi Arabia applied to join the organisation despite having no historical colonial ties with France. [24] However, the Saudis withdrew their bid in October 2018 due to the pressure over their human rights record. [25]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's website". Archived from the original on 2014-04-01. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
  2. ^ Radio France International, 16 February 2006
  3. ^ "La France à l'heure de la francophonie culturelle " Saisir du français pour l'imprégner de sa singularité ! "". RFI. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Visit to Albania – Statements by Michel Barnier, Minister of Foreign Affairs". Embassy of France in the US. 7 September 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-10-12.
  5. ^ Ginsburgh, Victor, Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the International Monetary Fund [1] (June 2006). "La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (PDF). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l' Université Catholique de Louvain (in French). 19 (Numéro 42): 282–9. doi: 10.1159/000013462. PMID  10213829. Archived from the original on 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2007-05-07. Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
  6. ^ "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  7. ^ "България | Кой и колко учи чужд език в Европа". Dnevnik.bg. 2005-05-17. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  8. ^ "Centrafrique – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-09. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  9. ^ "Guinée-Bissau – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  10. ^ "Mali – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  11. ^ "L’OIF suspend la Mauritanie", Radio France Internationale, 27 August 2008
  12. ^ "Madagascar – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  13. ^ "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  14. ^ https://www.graphic.com.gh/news/general-news/ghana-joins-la-francophonie.html
  15. ^ "Canal Académie: Les merveilleux francophiles argentins–1". Il faut savoir qu’en 2006, 17% d’Argentins ont un ancêtre venu de France. Près de 6 millions d’Argentins ont donc des origines françaises.
  16. ^ "CSO - Census 2016 - Summary - Chapter 5 (Diversity)" (PDF). Central Statistics Office.
  17. ^ Venayre, Sylvain (1998). "Le moment mexicain dans l'histoire française de l'aventure (1840-1860)" (PDF). Histoire et sociétés de l'Amérique latine (in French) (7): 131. ISSN  1245-1517. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2014. La conséquence de cette émigration fut que, en 1849, les Français représentaient la deuxième nationalité étrangère au Mexique, derrière les Espagnols.
  18. ^ Jones, Howard (2002). Crucible of Power:A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913. Lanham, Maryland: SR Books. p. 212. ISBN  0-8420-2916-8.
  19. ^ "L'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) suspend la Thaïlande et réintègre la Guinée-Bissau dans ses instances" (PDF). Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
  20. ^ "THAÏLANDE". International Organization of the Francophonie. Archived from the original on 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
  21. ^ "Alger boycotte la francophonie". la-croix.com (in French). 27 November 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  22. ^ "L'Algérie refuse d'adhérer à la Francophonie, mais participe aux assises de l'OIF depuis 2002". dia-algerie.com (in French). 24 November 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  23. ^ "À quand une Algérie membre de la Francophonie ?". bvoltaire.fr (in French). 3 December 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Saudi Arabia's embarrassing bid to join the Francophonie family". France24. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Saudi Arabia withdraws bid to join Francophonie group". France24. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2019.