Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie Information
This is a list of the member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. These countries belong to an international organisation representing countries and regions where French is the first ("mother") or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers) or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.   
|Albania||1999||Albanian||Brief French protectorate in Korçë between 1916 and 1920. Approximately 30% of young Albanians choose French as their first foreign language  Albania is home to 300,000 French speakers, and it is the second foreign language of education after English.|
|Armenia||2012||Armenian||See Armenia-France relations|
|Belgium||1970||officially trilingual, French included||French is the native language of about 40% of the population  48% are non-native speakers of French.  Belgium's French community is also a member separately. See also: Languages of Belgium and Belgian French|
|* French Community of Belgium||1980||French official language||a community of Belgium with its two components Wallonia (excluding the German-speaking community) and Brussels-Capital Region (its French-speaking majority)|
|Benin||1970||French||former French colony|
|Bulgaria||1993||Bulgarian||French is spoken as a foreign language by 9% of the Bulgarian people, and taught as a main foreign language in about 25% of primary schools. |
|Burkina Faso||1970||French||former French colony|
|Burundi||1970||officially trilingual, French||former Belgian UN-protectorate|
|Cambodia||1993||Khmer||former French protectorate (as a part of former French Indochina)|
|Cameroon||1991||officially bilingual, French included||over 90% of country was a French protectorate (1945–1959)|
|Canada||1970||Officially bilingual, French included||the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick are participating governments; much of eastern Canada was part of the first French colonial empire. As of 2004, a government representative from Ontario also attends as part of the Canadian delegation, although Ontario is not yet a participating government in its own right.|
|* New Brunswick||1977||officially bilingual, French included||considered a "participating government", this province of Canada is officially bilingual English-French and home to the largest community of Acadians.|
|* Quebec||1971||French||considered a "participating government", this province of Canada has French as its official language and is home to 85% of Canada's native francophones.|
|Central African Republic||1973||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony. The Central African Republic was suspended for instances of la Francophonie at the 88th session of the CPF in March 2012. |
|Chad||1970||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Comoros||1977||officially trilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||1977||French||former Belgian colony. See also: Languages of the DRC|
|Republic of the Congo||1981||French||former French colony|
|Côte d'Ivoire||1970||French||former French colony. See also: Languages of Côte d'Ivoire|
|Djibouti||1977||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Dominica||1979||English||French and then British colony; Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.|
|Egypt||1983||Arabic||(Foreign language and former French colony 1798)|
|Equatorial Guinea||1989||(officially trilingual, French included)||country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Spanish colony|
|Gabon||1970||French||former French colony|
|Guinea||1981||French||former French colony.|
|Guinea-Bissau||1979||Portuguese||country surrounded by French-speaking countries. Former Portuguese colony. Guinea-Bissau was suspended on 18 April 2012 following a coup d'état. |
|Haiti||1970||officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Laos||1991||Lao; French is spoken||former French colony (as a part of former French Indochina)|
|Lebanon||1973||Arabic and French; French is the secondary language.||Under a French mandate from 1920 to 1943|
|Luxembourg||1970||Officially trilingual, French included|
|officially bilingual, French included||former French colony|
|Mali||1970||French||former French colony. Mali's membership was suspended in March 2012 due to a coup. |
|Mauritania||1980||Arabic||former French colony, French is an administrative language. Mauritania's membership was suspended on 26 August 2008, pending democratic elections, after a military coup d'état,  then again in April 2009. |
|Mauritius||1970||Creole is the mother tongue. French and English are also widely used||Dutch, French, and then British colony; French is widely used in commerce and by the media.[ citation needed] French is also a language of instruction in schools.[ citation needed]|
|Monaco||1970||French||independent country enclaved in France|
|Morocco||1981||Arabic and Berber||former French and Spanish protectorate|
|Niger||1970||French||former French colony|
|Romania||1993||Romanian||French is understood and spoken by 26% of the population. |
|Rwanda||1970||officially quadralingual with French included||former Belgian UN-protectorate. In 2009, became a member of the Commonwealth, but remains a member within Francophonie.|
|Saint Lucia||1981||English||Former French and British colony. Antillean Creole, a French-based creole language, is spoken by 90% of the population.|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||1999||Portuguese|
|Senegal||1970||French||former French colony|
|Seychelles||1976||officially trilingual, French included||former French colony (first empire), later British colony, French is commonly used|
|Switzerland||1996||Officially quadrilingual, French included||French is the native language of about 20% of all Swiss.|
|Togo||1970||French||former French colony|
|Tunisia||1970||Arabic||former French protectorate|
|Vanuatu||1979||officially trilingual||former French and British condominium of New Hebrides|
|Vietnam||1970||Vietnamese||former French protectorate|
|Cyprus||2006||Greek, Turkish||Cyprus was ruled by the French-origin Lusignan dynasty from 1192 until 1489. About 12% of the Cyprus population speaks and understands French.|
|Ghana||2006||English||All land borders with French-speaking countries (all former colonies of French West Africa) and trade partners. Study of French is being made compulsory at the basic educational level and certain subjects will be taught in both English and French. Became Associate Member in 2006. |
|Kosovo||2014||Albanian, Serbian||Traditional diplomatic and commercial ties with France; French is taught as a third language in most secondary schools. (See further: France-Kosovo relations.)|
|New Caledonia||2016||French, New Caledonian languages||Special collectivity of France; former French colony (1853–1946) and overseas territory (1946–1999)|
|Serbia||2006||Serbian||Traditional diplomatic, military and cultural ties with France; French is widely taught as a second foreign language in schools. See France-Serbia relations.|
|United Arab Emirates||2010||Arabic||Military and cultural ties with France (see further: France-United Arab Emirates relations)|
|Qatar||2012||Arabic||Strong military ties with France (see further: France-Qatar relations)|
|Argentina||2016||Spanish, others||Argentina has the largest French community in Latin America. Today more than 6 million Argentines have some degree of French ancestry (up to 17% of the total population). |
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||2010||Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian|
|Croatia||2004||Croatian||Part of the
Illyrian Provinces under Napoleon's French Empire.
(See further: Croatia-France relations.)
|Dominican Republic||2010||Spanish||French colony from 1795 to 1808.|
|Gambia||2018||English||Border with Senegal, a French-speaking country.|
|Ireland||2018||English, Irish||French is the second most common foreign language spoken at home in Ireland (after Polish), and most commonly spoken by those born in Ireland |
|* Louisiana||2018||English; French is an administrative language; Creole and Spanish are also spoken||U.S. state with a francophone minority. Once part of the first French colonial empire, now it is home to a strong influence of Cajun, Creole and Haitian language and culture.|
|Mexico||2014||Spanish||A large number of French immigrants arrived in Mexico since the 1830s and today number over 6 million French descendants.;  Second Mexican Empire, a puppet state of the Second French Empire under Napoleon III. |
|Mozambique||2006||Portuguese||Trading partner across Mozambique Channel with French-speaking and former French colony of Madagascar|
|* Ontario||2016||English; French is a regional administrative language||A province of Canada whose area was once a part of the Pays d'en Haut region of New France; and is home to a francophone minority, the Franco-Ontarians. Although French is an official language in the province's judiciary, legislature, and educational system, the province as a whole is not officially bilingual; with other French-language provincial services not offered province-wide. However, the provincial French Language Services Act does require provincial services to provide French-language service in areas with a significant francophone populations.|
|Poland||1996||Polish||Long-standing cultural and historic ties; Henry III of France was King of Poland from 1573 to 1574, and the Duchy of Warsaw was a client state allied with the First French Empire from 1807 to 1815; France was home to notable Polish émigrés, e.g. Adam Mickiewicz, Frédéric Chopin, and Marie Skłodowska-Curie.|
|Slovenia||1999||Slovene||Part of the Illyrian Provinces under Napoleon's French Empire|
|Thailand||2008||Thai||Suspended on 27 June 2014 following the 2013–14 political crisis.  |
Some countries could also join the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie on the basis of being part of the French colonial empire including: Algeria,    Syria, and Pondicherry and Chandannagar regions of India. In 2016, Saudi Arabia applied to join the organisation despite having no historical colonial ties with France.  However, the Saudis withdrew their bid in October 2018 due to the pressure over their human rights record. 
- "Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's website". Archived from the original on 2014-04-01. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- Radio France International, 16 February 2006
- "La France à l'heure de la francophonie culturelle " Saisir du français pour l'imprégner de sa singularité ! "". RFI. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Visit to Albania – Statements by Michel Barnier, Minister of Foreign Affairs". Embassy of France in the US. 7 September 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-10-12.
Université Catholique de Louvain; Weber, Shlomo, Professor Economy and Director of the Center for Economic Studies of the
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, USA, and having a seat in the expert panel of the
International Monetary Fund
 (June 2006).
"La dynamique des langues en Belgique" (PDF). Regards économiques, Publication préparée par les économistes de l'
Université Catholique de Louvain (in French). 19 (Numéro 42): 282–9.
10213829. Archived from the original on 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
Les enquêtes montrent que la Flandre est bien plus multilingue, ce qui est sans doute un fait bien connu, mais la différence est considérable : alors que 59 % et 53 % des Flamands connaissent le français ou l'anglais respectivement, seulement 19 % et 17 % des Wallons connaissent le néerlandais ou l'anglais. ... 95 pour cent des Bruxellois déclarent parler le français, alors que ce pourcentage tombe à 59 pour cent pour le néerlandais. Quant à l’anglais, il est connu par une proportion importante de la population à Bruxelles (41 pour cent). ... Le syndrome d’H (...) frappe la Wallonie, où à peine 19 et 17 pour cent de la population parlent respectivement le néerlandais et l’anglais.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown ( link)
- "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "България | Кой и колко учи чужд език в Европа". Dnevnik.bg. 2005-05-17. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Centrafrique – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-09. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Guinée-Bissau – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Mali – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "L’OIF suspend la Mauritanie", Radio France Internationale, 27 August 2008
- "Madagascar – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". Francophonie.org. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- "Europeans and their Languages" (PDF). Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
"Canal Académie: Les merveilleux francophiles argentins–1".
Il faut savoir qu’en 2006, 17% d’Argentins ont un ancêtre venu de France. Près de 6 millions d’Argentins ont donc des origines françaises.
- "CSO - Census 2016 - Summary - Chapter 5 (Diversity)" (PDF). Central Statistics Office.
- Venayre, Sylvain (1998).
"Le moment mexicain dans l'histoire française de l'aventure (1840-1860)" (PDF). Histoire et sociétés de l'Amérique latine (in French) (7): 131.
1245-1517. Archived from
the original (PDF) on 9 December 2014.
La conséquence de cette émigration fut que, en 1849, les Français représentaient la deuxième nationalité étrangère au Mexique, derrière les Espagnols.
- Jones, Howard (2002). Crucible of Power:A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913. Lanham, Maryland: SR Books. p. 212. ISBN 0-8420-2916-8.
- "L'Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) suspend la Thaïlande et réintègre la Guinée-Bissau dans ses instances" (PDF). Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "THAÏLANDE". International Organization of the Francophonie. Archived from the original on 2014-12-04. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
- "Alger boycotte la francophonie". la-croix.com (in French). 27 November 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "L'Algérie refuse d'adhérer à la Francophonie, mais participe aux assises de l'OIF depuis 2002". dia-algerie.com (in French). 24 November 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "À quand une Algérie membre de la Francophonie ?". bvoltaire.fr (in French). 3 December 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Saudi Arabia's embarrassing bid to join the Francophonie family". France24. 10 October 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "Saudi Arabia withdraws bid to join Francophonie group". France24. 11 October 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2019.