"A Place To Call Home Since 1853"
Location of Medford
within Steele County, Minnesota
|• Total||1.20 sq mi (3.10 km2)|
|• Land||1.20 sq mi (3.10 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,099 ft (335 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,064.44/sq mi (410.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 ( Central (CST))|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|FIPS code||27-41426 |
|GNIS feature ID||0647731 |
Interstate 35 and Steele County Roads 12, 22, 23, and 45 are the main routes in the community.
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census  of 2010, there were 1,239 people, 450 households, and 336 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,077.4 inhabitants per square mile (416.0/km2). There were 470 housing units at an average density of 408.7 per square mile (157.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.2% of the population.
There were 450 households of which 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.3% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.19.
The median age in the city was 34.4 years. 31.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.7% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.9% male and 49.1% female.
As of the census  of 2000, there were 984 people, 377 households, and 275 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,444.9 inhabitants per square mile (558.7/km²). There were 388 housing units at an average density of 569.8 per square mile (220.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.00% White, 0.10% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 4.37% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.40% of the population.
There were 377 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $50,000, and the median income for a family was $55,714. Males had a median income of $31,628 versus $24,318 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,886. About 3.3% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Medford High School has been known for its small but rather successful athletic programs.
Medford has been most successful in wrestling. In 2002 Medford was crowned co-state champions. Since then, they have been rebuilding, and in 2009 they placed third in the state tournament.
The football team has also seen some success. In 2003, the team saw its first state title game since they won a state title in 1981.
The volleyball team placed second in the 2018 state tournament.
Medford, Minnesota is a statutory plan "A" city - it has a weak mayor/city council structure. As of 2010, the mayor of the City of Medford is Danny Thomas. Members of the City Council in 2010 are: Brenda DeMars, Marie Sexton, and Michael Corbin. As of January, 2010, there is an empty council seat due to the resignation of Dan Niles in December, 2009.
The "Medford Bridge" runs over the Medford Park just at the end of Steele County Road 9 entering the city. An empty lot now occupies the area where one of the oldest school buildings that was used up until 2003. The town had decided that the old school was not large enough for the growing student body and a new school was to be built. The school now sits on the eastern edge of the city. It is presently operating at capacity of nearly 800 students, with many coming from outside the district through open enrollment. On the edge of town is the 1877 Daniel S. Piper House, Minnesota's only surviving example of a New England-style interconnected farmstead. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 
- Lynn Frazier – (1874–1947), former Governor of North Dakota, first governor ever recalled. Born in Medford.
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 533.
- "Steele County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1994. p. 33. ISBN 0-89933-222-6.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Minnesota National Register Properties Database". Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2018-01-01.