McKenzie County, North Dakota Information

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McKenzie_County,_North_Dakota

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McKenzie County, North Dakota
Fort Union.jpg
Map of North Dakota highlighting McKenzie County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 9, 1883 (created)
April 20, 1905 (organized)
Named for Alexander McKenzie
Seat Watford City
Largest cityWatford City
Area
 • Total2,861 sq mi (7,410 km2)
 • Land2,760 sq mi (7,148 km2)
 • Water100 sq mi (259 km2), 3.5%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2018)13,632
 • Density4.61/sq mi (1.78/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zones Central: UTC−6/ −5
(northern portion)
Mountain: UTC−7/ −6
(southern portion)
Website county.mckenziecounty.net

McKenzie County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 6,360. [1] Its county seat is Watford City. [2] Between 2010 and 2018, according to Census Bureau estimates, it was the fastest growing county in the United States, growing 114.3 percent. The county lies immediately adjacent to the Williston Micropolitan Statistical Area, although the Census Bureau does not include McKenzie County in that grouping.

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on March 9, 1883, with areas partitioned from Howard County (now extinct). The county was named for Alexander McKenzie, a territorial political figure who was later disgraced for corruption. [3] The county was not organized at that time, and was not attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. The county's boundary was altered in 1885, and on March 2, 1891, the state legislature authorized the dissolution of the county, assigning its territories to Billings and Stark counties. However, this directive was not implemented, and McKenzie continued as a defined county until November 3, 1896, when another act was passed to dissolve the county and assign its territories to Billings County. This act was challenged in the courts, and on May 24, 1901 the state Supreme Court held that the county was to continue in existence.

On March 10, 1903 the county was attached to Stark County for administrative purposes. On March 16, 1905, McKenzie gained the territories of Allred and Wallace counties as those counties were administratively dissolved. On April 20, 1905, the McKenzie County government was organized, and its previous attachment to Stark was terminated.

The first county seat was Alexander. In 1907 the seat was moved to Schafer, and in 1941 it was moved to the present location, Watford City. [4] [5]

Geography

McKenzie County lies on the west line of North Dakota. Its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Montana. The Missouri River flows easterly along the western portion of the county's north boundary line, and the enlargement of the Missouri as it discharges into Lake Sakakawea forms the eastern portion of the county's north and northeastern boundary line. The Yellowstone River flows into the NW corner of the county from Montana, and discharges into the Missouri at the county's northern boundary line. The Little Missouri River flows northeasterly through the county's lower portion, on its way to discharge into Lake Sakakawea, east of the county's east boundary line. The county terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, carved by river valleys and drainages. The area is partially devoted to agriculture. [6] The terrain slopes to the east and north, with its highest point on its south boundary line, at 2,684' (818m) ASL. [7] The county has a total area of 2,861 square miles (7,410 km2), of which 2,760 square miles (7,100 km2) is land and 100 square miles (260 km2) (3.5%) is water. [8] It is the largest county in North Dakota by area.

The McKenzie County landscape features a wide diversity of physical features, ranging from sugarbeet fields bordering the Missouri River at the northwest corner of the county to rugged badlands near the Little Missouri River in the south, where Theodore Roosevelt National Park and the Little Missouri National Grassland are located. Between the two rivers is a large area of prairie, ranging from gentle rolling terrain to rocky, rugged pastures. The southeast corner of the county, bordering on the Little Missouri badlands of neighboring Dunn County, is abundant in wildlife, quaking aspen groves, and bur oak groves, interspersed in places with western red cedar on the north-facing slopes of the badlands.

The SW corner counties of North Dakota (Adams, Billings, Bowman, Golden Valley, Grant, Hettinger, Slope, Stark) observe Mountain Time. The counties of McKenzie, Dunn, and Sioux are split between Mountain Time and Central Time.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas [6]

Lakes [6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19105,720
19209,54466.9%
19309,7091.7%
19408,426−13.2%
19506,849−18.7%
19607,2966.5%
19706,127−16.0%
19807,13216.4%
19906,383−10.5%
20005,737−10.1%
20106,36010.9%
Est. 201813,632 [9]114.3%
US Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 5,737 people, 2,151 households, and 1,548 families in the county. The population density was 2.08/sqmi (0.80/km²). There were 2,719 housing units at an average density of 0.99/sqmi (0.38/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.36% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 21.18% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.4% were of Norwegian and 20.9% German ancestry.

There were 2,151 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.17.

The county population contained 30.60% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,342, and the median income for a family was $34,091. Males had a median income of $26,351 versus $20,147 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,732. About 13.70% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 6,360 people, 2,410 households, and 1,682 families in the county. [14] The population density was 2.30/sqmi (0.89/km²). There were 3,090 housing units at an average density of 1.12/sqmi (0.43/km²). [15] The racial makeup of the county was 75.3% white, 22.2% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population. [14] In terms of ancestry, 39.5% were Norwegian, 30.6% were German, 6.1% were Irish, and 0.7% were American. [16]

Of the 2,410 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.2% were non-families, and 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.0 years. [14]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,480 and the median income for a family was $58,906. Males had a median income of $42,803 versus $33,056 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,605. About 6.7% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. [17]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities [6]

Townships

  • Alex
  • Antelope Creek
  • Arnegard
  • Blue Butte
  • Charbon
  • Elm Tree
  • Ellsworth
  • Grail
  • Hawkeye
  • Keene
  • Randolph
  • Riverview
  • Sioux
  • Tri
  • Twin Valley
  • Yellowstone

Defunct Townships

Elk, Poe, and Wilbur townships merged January 1, 2002 to form Tri Township. [18]

Politics

McKenzie County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 78.6% 3,670 14.9% 698 6.5% 304
2012 71.2% 2,458 26.9% 927 1.9% 66
2008 64.1% 1,740 34.4% 933 1.6% 42
2004 68.7% 1,897 30.7% 847 0.7% 18
2000 69.1% 1,634 27.6% 653 3.3% 77
1996 49.5% 1,338 34.3% 928 16.2% 437
1992 42.9% 1,324 25.5% 787 31.7% 979
1988 59.9% 1,949 39.1% 1,273 1.0% 31
1984 72.0% 2,610 26.9% 974 1.2% 43
1980 67.3% 2,265 25.7% 867 7.0% 236
1976 53.6% 1,595 44.8% 1,335 1.6% 48
1972 65.9% 1,913 32.3% 937 1.9% 54
1968 59.6% 1,625 34.3% 935 6.1% 165
1964 46.0% 1,352 53.9% 1,584 0.1% 2
1960 53.1% 1,715 46.9% 1,514 0.1% 2
1956 53.2% 1,609 46.4% 1,405 0.4% 13
1952 71.7% 2,260 26.8% 846 1.5% 46
1948 45.1% 1,168 47.4% 1,227 7.6% 196
1944 43.4% 1,241 55.6% 1,592 1.1% 30
1940 38.6% 1,563 60.3% 2,440 1.1% 43
1936 14.7% 570 74.2% 2,885 11.1% 433
1932 20.0% 710 74.9% 2,655 5.1% 182
1928 61.1% 2,100 37.5% 1,289 1.3% 46
1924 38.1% 1,113 4.7% 137 57.2% 1,668
1920 79.5% 2,587 15.7% 511 4.8% 156
1916 45.2% 1,394 47.2% 1,456 7.7% 237
1912 27.5% 285 28.3% 293 44.2% 457 [20]
1908 68.4% 574 25.3% 212 6.3% 53

See also


MCKENZIE COUNTY NORTH DAKOTA Latitude and Longitude:

47°44′N 103°23′W / 47.73°N 103.39°W / 47.73; -103.39

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. US Government Printing Office. p. 194.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  5. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d McKenzie County ND Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/McKenzie County ND" Google Maps (accessed 26 February 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  18. ^ Historical census data
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  20. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 228 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 219 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 10 votes.

External links