McDonough County, Illinois Article

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McDonough County, Illinois
McDonough County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting McDonough County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1826
Named for Thomas Macdonough
Seat Macomb
Largest cityMacomb
Area
 • Total590 sq mi (1,528 km2)
 • Land589 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • ( 2010)32,612
 • Density55/sq mi (21/km2)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5

McDonough County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,612. [1] Its county seat is Macomb. [2]

The Macomb, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McDonough County.

History

McDonough County is named in honor of Thomas Macdonough who defeated a British squadron in the decisive naval Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812. [3] McDonough County was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress for veterans of the War of 1812.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 590 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 589 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water. [4]

The county has the unusual distinction of forming a perfect square by Mercator map projection. The county seat, Macomb, is in the center of the county, and the courthouse is almost precisely in the center of the county.

Climate and weather

Macomb, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
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1.7
 
 
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2.9
 
 
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3.8
 
 
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39
 
 
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50
 
 
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4.5
 
 
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3.5
 
 
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4
 
 
77
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2.9
 
 
66
42
 
 
3.2
 
 
50
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2.3
 
 
36
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Macomb have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in August 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.47 inches (37 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in May. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18405,308
18507,61643.5%
186020,069163.5%
187026,50932.1%
188027,9705.5%
189027,467−1.8%
190028,4123.4%
191026,887−5.4%
192027,0740.7%
193027,3290.9%
194026,944−1.4%
195028,1994.7%
196028,9282.6%
197036,65326.7%
198037,4672.2%
199035,244−5.9%
200032,913−6.6%
201032,612−0.9%
Est. 201630,996 [6]−5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,612 people, 13,057 households, and 6,724 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 55.3 inhabitants per square mile (21.4/km2). There were 14,419 housing units at an average density of 24.5 per square mile (9.5/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 90.4% white, 5.0% black or African American, 1.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. [11] In terms of ancestry, 25.0% were German, 14.7% were American, 13.7% were Irish, 12.7% were English, and 5.1% were Italian. [12]

Of the 13,057 households, 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.5% were non-families, and 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.80. The median age was 28.9 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,702 and the median income for a family was $52,390. Males had a median income of $42,297 versus $28,530 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,344. About 12.8% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. [13]

Politics

McDonough County is located in Illinois’ 18th Congressional District and is currently represented by Republican Davin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 93rd district and is currently represented by Republican Norine Hammond. The county is located in the 47th district of the Illinois Senate, and is currently represented by Republican Jil Tracy.

In presidential elections, McDonough County was once reliably Republican, voting for the Republican candidate in all but one election ( 1932) from 1916 through 1988. Since 1988, the county has become more competitive, with Democrats carrying the county three out of seven times and holding the Republican candidate's margin of victory to under four points three times.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 51.7% 6,795 40.2% 5,288 8.1% 1,061
2012 49.4% 6,147 47.9% 5,967 2.7% 340
2008 46.3% 6,055 51.9% 6,783 1.8% 234
2004 51.3% 7,656 47.7% 7,119 1.0% 154
2000 49.7% 6,465 46.7% 6,080 3.6% 467
1996 42.0% 5,049 46.8% 5,632 11.3% 1,354
1992 38.1% 5,297 41.8% 5,814 20.2% 2,811
1988 57.4% 7,173 42.0% 5,247 0.6% 73
1984 67.0% 9,383 32.6% 4,561 0.4% 57
1980 61.7% 8,995 28.1% 4,093 10.3% 1,501
1976 62.3% 9,683 35.2% 5,464 2.5% 387
1972 67.2% 10,573 32.7% 5,143 0.1% 22
1968 65.7% 8,496 29.3% 3,785 5.0% 643
1964 52.9% 6,907 47.1% 6,144
1960 67.4% 9,363 32.5% 4,520 0.1% 10
1956 71.5% 9,725 28.5% 3,872 0.1% 8
1952 72.1% 10,126 27.9% 3,922 0.0% 5
1948 65.1% 8,058 34.0% 4,206 0.9% 109
1944 66.3% 9,028 33.0% 4,497 0.7% 91
1940 63.7% 10,326 35.7% 5,783 0.7% 108
1936 54.5% 8,723 44.6% 7,138 0.9% 151
1932 44.9% 6,329 53.9% 7,608 1.2% 168
1928 68.2% 8,953 31.2% 4,104 0.6% 81
1924 61.0% 7,505 32.6% 4,016 6.4% 785
1920 63.2% 7,221 34.4% 3,930 2.4% 279
1916 53.1% 7,192 42.4% 5,740 4.6% 617
1912 26.9% 1,876 42.4% 2,959 30.7% 2,138
1908 51.1% 3,733 42.6% 3,112 6.4% 467
1904 55.4% 4,041 37.4% 2,730 7.2% 528
1900 52.7% 4,076 44.5% 3,444 2.8% 213
1896 51.2% 4,036 46.7% 3,684 2.1% 169
1892 46.7% 3,319 45.6% 3,237 7.7% 547

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated place

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 193.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Macomb, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 22 April 2018.

External links


MCDONOUGH COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

40°28′N 90°41′W / 40.46°N 90.68°W / 40.46; -90.68