McDaniel College Article

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McDaniel College
McDaniel College seal
MottoE Tenebris in Lucem Voco (Latin)
Motto in English
I call you out of darkness into light
Type Private
Established1867
Endowment$109.5 million (2016) [1]
President Roger Casey
Administrative staff
103 full-time
Students1,629
Location Westminster, Maryland, United States
Campus Suburban
160 acres (64.7 ha) 70 buildings
Athletics NCAA Division III Centennial
ColorsGreen and Gold          
MascotGreen Terror
Website www.mcdaniel.edu
a view of McDaniel College
another view of McDaniel College

McDaniel College is a private four-year liberal arts college in Westminster, Maryland. Established in 1867, it was known as Western Maryland College until 2002 when it was renamed McDaniel College in honor of an alumnus who gave a lifetime of service to the college. [2] The college also has a satellite campus, McDaniel College Budapest, in Budapest, Hungary. McDaniel College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and it is one of 40 colleges profiled in the book Colleges That Change Lives (3rd ed., 2006) by Loren Pope.

History

The college was founded in 1867 as Western Maryland College, and was named for the Western Maryland Railroad because the college's first Board chairman, John Smith of Wakefield, was also the president of the railroad. (Neither the railroad nor the Methodist Protestant Church contributed funds to facilitate the establishment of the college. Some contributions, however, were received from Methodist Protestant laymen, including John Smith.) It had a voluntary fraternal affiliation with the Methodist Protestant (later United Methodist) Church from 1868 until 1974; the adjacent but separate institution, the Westminster Theological Seminary, was a principal site for training Methodist Protestant (later United Methodist) clergy in the Maryland region. The ties with the United Methodist Church were cut over a court case in which Western Maryland and other religiously affiliated schools in Maryland were being challenged over state funding received by the colleges because of their religious ties. The other schools retained their affiliations and won the case. [2]

The college's first building went up in 1866–1867, with an inaugural class of 37 men and women in September 1867. Western Maryland was the first coeducational institution south of the Mason–Dixon line and was among the first in the nation. The school's original charter read that the school would exist: "For the benefit of students without regard to race, religion, color, sex, national or ethnic origin ... without requiring or enforcing any sectarian, racial or civil test, and without discrimination on the basis of sex, national or ethnic origin, nor shall any prejudice be made in the choice of any officer, teacher, or other employee in the said college on account of these factors." However, Western Maryland College was primarily a school without minority race representation until the 1960s.

Baker Memorial Chapel was dedicated April 20, 1958. The chapel, was built in memory of W.G. Baker, Joseph D. Baker, Daniel Baker, and Sarah Baker. The organ in the new chapel has been given by two alumni, father and son, Roger J. Whiteford, a prominent Washington attorney and graduate in 1906, and his son Joseph S. Whiteford a graduate in 1943, president of the Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company, Boston, Mass. The chapel was designed by architects Otto Eugene Adams [3] and E.G. Riggs, of Baltimore. The Chapel steeple, 113 feet tall, is visible for miles around and was originally topped by a stainless steel cross 6 feet in height. The wood panels of the chancel have been designed to complement the antique organ console which was originally in the Bruton Parish Church, at Williamsburg, Virginia. The organ, with its 2,310 pipes, is held to be the largest in the area. The Whitefords also gave the carillon installed in the steeple. [4]

In 1975 the college agreed to permanently remove religious symbols atop campus chapels and to introduce strict quotas on Methodist representation on the college board and among faculty as a result of a settlement with the American Civil Liberties Union and Americans United for Separation of Church and State. [5]

McDaniel College Budapest (formerly known as Western Maryland College Budapest), the European campus of McDaniel College was established in collaboration with College International Budapest in 1994. McDaniel College was also home to the summer training camp of the Baltimore Colts and later Baltimore Ravens NFL team until the 2011 Season when the team relocated spring training to their Owings Mills facility. Newer buildings on campus include the Science Hall, gymnasium, library, and student union center. On January 11, 2002, the trustees announced their unanimous decision to change the name of the college. On July 1, 2002, WMC officially became McDaniel College, honoring alumnus William Roberts McDaniel and his 65-year association with the school. The naming process during the spring of 2002 included input from students, faculty and alumni about possible names.

Since Roger Casey, current McDaniel President, took office in 2010, U.S. News & World Report ranking of the College decreased from 122 in 2010 [6] to 134 in 2017. [7] Over the same period, the enrollment decreased by 17%. [8] In May 2016, Fitch Ratings revised its outlook for McDaniel from Stable to Negative. [9] In June 2016 adjunct faculty at McDaniel voted to unionize. McDaniel is the second four-year university in the state with collective bargaining for the part-time employees. [10] Adjuncts are represented by Service Employees International Union Local 500. [11] [12] In 2017 Forbes assigned McDaniel financial grade C+ [13].

Up until the 1980s, there was a specially-constructed bunker in the basement of Lewis Hall, the science building, that would have housed the Wartime Information Security Program, a Cold War-era group that would have been responsible for censorship in the aftermath of a nuclear war.

Presidents

President Tenure
Dr. J. T. Ward 1867–1886
Dr. Thomas Hamilton Lewis 1886–1920
Dr. Albert Norman Ward 1920–1935
Bishop Fred G. Holloway 1935–1947
Dr. Lowell S. Ensor 1947–1972
Dr. Ralph C. John 1972–1984
Dr. Robert H. Chambers 1984–2000
Dr. Joan Develin Coley 2000–2010
Dr. Roger Casey [14] 2010–present

Academics

McDaniel College offers over sixty undergraduate majors [15] and 20-plus graduate programs. [16] McDaniel also offers over one hundred different minors.

The McDaniel Plan

The McDaniel Plan was created in 2002 and provides a liberal education that combines a comprehensive program of general education and a rigorous program in the major. [17] The program is complemented by electives and a range of special opportunities, that include but are not limited to directed studies, internships, and practicums. The requirements of The McDaniel Plan apply to all first-year students who enroll in college for the Bachelor of Arts degree. The redesign of the general education curriculum, The McDaniel Plan, emphasizes intellectual skills that will be crucial to graduates. The focus of The McDaniel Plan is to make studies incorporate critical thinking, cogent writing, analytic reading, persuasive public speaking, effective collaboration, the ability to adapt to change and bridge cultural differences. [18]

Athletics

McDaniel is a charter member of the Centennial Conference, an athletic conference that includes Muhlenberg, Washington, Swarthmore, Ursinus, Haverford, Dickinson, Franklin & Marshall, Bryn Mawr, Gettysburg, and Johns Hopkins.

McDaniel college has 24 NCAA Division III sports teams and is named the Green Terror, which in 1999 was rank 13th for U.S. News & World Report weirdest mascot names. [19](p638) The name originated from how teams would describe the Western Maryland Players as "Terrors" on the field. The name stuck and since October 1923 McDaniel College has been known as the Green Terror. [19](p638)

Football

The Green Terror have historic past with getting invited to the first Orange bowl, [20] many legendary players, such as quarterback Eugene "Stoney" Willis, the inventor of the Shovel Pass; All-American and five-time All-NFL running back Bill Shepherd and Hall of Fame coaches Dick Harlow and Rip Engle. McDaniel football dates back to 1891 when the first game was played against northern rival Gettysburg College. [21]

In 2011, McDaniel was ranked 6th in the country for best tailgating by The Weather Channel, due the ability for fans to park their cars practically on the field and actually grill & drink, a tradition that dates to 1920s. [22] McDaniel College was also ranked in Southern Living Magazine for the top 20 of the "South's Best Tailgates." At football games McDaniel can have an average attendance over 5,000 and highs as much as 7,200 during a .500 season, ranking in the top five in the country for D3 football. [23] Until 2010 the Baltimore Ravens, and before that the Baltimore Colts, held their training camps at McDaniel College. Head coach John Harbaugh still hosts clinics at McDaniel. [24]

Greek life

Currently McDaniel has a number of sororities and fraternities, almost all national.[ citation needed] Although there are no distinct Greek (fraternity or sorority) houses on campus, Greeks are allowed to "reserve" a floor in one of the dorm buildings on campus for only their own members to live on.[ citation needed]

Litigations

In 1975 the college agreed to permanently remove religious symbols atop campus chapels and to introduce strict quotas on Methodist representation on the college board and among faculty as a result of a settlement with the American Civil Liberties Union and Americans United for Separation of Church and State. [25]

In 1995 the college was sued by a student who was fired after he pledged a campus fraternity. The suit claimed that firing was "motivated by strong hatred and/or spite of the Greek organizations on campus and was performed in order to intentionally and systematically remove Greek life from campus." [26]

In 2015 McDaniel College was sued by a former professor "claiming the administration launched an investigation into alleged stalking behavior on his part and did not follow proper procedures before firing him." [27]

In 2007 McDaniel College was sued by a Baltimore City teacher seeking compensation for lost wages and emotional suffering. [28]

Campus Safety

McDaniel College reported 2 on-campus rapes in 2015, 16 in in 2016, and 8 in 2017 [29].

In 2018 Westminster police department investigated an attempted robbery on campus [30]. The reporter was terminated and barred from campus by Casey [31].

Armed robbery was reported on campus in Fall 2014 [32].

McDaniel student fabricated attempted robbery in Spring 2014 [33] [34].

Armed robbery, burglary, and theft in 2007 [35].

Notable alumni or former students

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2016 Market Value of Endow" (PDF). NACUBO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b Stone, Adam. "McDaniel College". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  3. ^ O. E. Adams, Sr., Dies At 78; Architect's Services Today, article from The Sun, Baltimore, Wednesday Morning, January 31, 1968.
  4. ^ Enoch Pratt Library vertical file Evening Sun April 2, 1958
  5. ^ "The Free Lance-Star - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "U.S. News college ranking trends 2014". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  7. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/mcdaniel-college-2109
  8. ^ Wells, Carrie. "Some small Maryland colleges see large enrollment drops over 5 years". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Fitch Affirms McDaniel College (MD) Revs at 'BBB+'; Outlook Revised to Negative". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  10. ^ Wells, Carrie. "Adjunct professors at McDaniel College vote to unionize". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
  12. ^ "Part-Time Faculty at McDaniel Voted for Their Union!". www.seiu500.org. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  13. ^ Schifrin, Matt. "2017 Forbes College Financial Grades: E Through M". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  14. ^ "McDaniel College - Information - Meet the Prez - McDaniel College". www.mcdaniel.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  15. ^ "McDaniel College - Undergraduate - McDaniel Plan - Build Your Education - McDaniel College". www.mcdaniel.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  16. ^ "McDaniel College - Graduate Programs - Academics - McDaniel College". www.mcdaniel.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  17. ^ "McDaniel College - Undergraduate - McDaniel Plan - Academics - McDaniel College". www.mcdaniel.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  18. ^ "McDaniel A Bold New Curriculum". Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  19. ^ a b Lighter, James E (2007). Fearless and Bold. Westminster, Maryland: McDaniel College.
  20. ^ Lighter, James E (2007). Fearless and Bold. Westminster, Maryland: McDaniel College
  21. ^ "McDaniel Football Records - All-time Game Results". McDaniel College. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  22. ^ "McDaniel tailgating # 6 in the nation - McDaniel College". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  23. ^ http://web1.ncaa.org/mfb/2010/Internet/attendance/III_ATTENDANCE.pdf
  24. ^ Wilson, Aaron (June 16, 2012). "Ravens: Harbaugh, coaches host clinic at McDaniel". Carroll County Times. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
  25. ^ "The Free Lance-Star - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Student sues college in job loss, claims bias against fraternities". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  27. ^ Writers, Lauren Loricchio and Heather Cobun, Times Staff. "Former McDaniel professor sues school". carrollcountytimes.com. Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  28. ^ "City teacher sues McDaniel College". 10 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  29. ^ https://www.mcdaniel.edu/uploads/docs/CleryReport2018.pdf
  30. ^ https://www.carrollcountytimes.com/news/local/cc-mcdaniel-attempted-robbery-20181105-story.html
  31. ^ https://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2018/11/07/mcdaniel-college-employee-fired-false-report
  32. ^ https://www.wbaltv.com/article/armed-robbery-attempted-robbery-reported-at-mcdaniel-college/7089685
  33. ^ https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/carroll/westminster/ph-mcdaniel-false-report-20140304-story.html
  34. ^ https://baltimore.cbslocal.com/2014/03/05/mcdaniel-student-charged-after-making-false-statement-to-police
  35. ^ http://www.mcdanielfreepress.com/2007/12/10/premeditated-robbery-in-rouzer-hall/
  36. ^ Chambers, Whittaker (1964). Cold Friday. Random House. pp. xii, 327. ISBN  0-394-41969-3.
  37. ^ Buckley, Jr., William F. (August 6, 2001). "Remembering Whittaker Chambers on the centennial of his birth". National Review. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012.
  38. ^ Chambers, Whittaker (1989). Ghosts on the Roof. Regnery. p. xxxix.
  39. ^ "U.S. Army Retired Major General David B. Lacquement of Alexandria, Va., Speaks at McDaniel College". readme.readmedia.com. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  40. ^ Bloom, Larry. "The Lives & Deaths Of Caleb O'connor." Hartford Courant [Hartford, CT] 20 July 1997, n. pag. Web. 20 Jul. 2012. < http://articles.courant.com/1997-07-20/news/9707190159_1_grave-names-working/2>.
  41. ^ Lighter, James E. Fearless and Bold. Westminster: McDaniel College, 2007. 133. Print.
  42. ^ "Leroy M. Merritt". Retrieved 22 May 2018.

External links


MCDANIEL COLLEGE Latitude and Longitude:

39°35′5″N 77°0′7″W / 39.58472°N 77.00194°W / 39.58472; -77.00194