|Province of Cuba|
|• Total||11,798.02 km2 (4,555.24 sq mi)|
|Population (2010-12-31) |
|• Density||58/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 ( EST)|
Matanzas (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈtansas]) is one of the provinces of Cuba. Major towns in the province include Cárdenas, Colón, Jovellanos and the capital of the same name, Matanzas. The resort town of Varadero is also located in this province.
Among Cuban provinces, Matanzas is one of the most industrialised, with petroleum wells, refineries, supertanker facilities, and 21 sugar mills to process the harvests of the fields of sugarcane in the province.
The north-western coast is largely rocky, with a few beaches, while the north-eastern coast has numerous small cays of its coast (part of Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago), and scrubland and mangroves near the shoreline. Cuba's northernmost point is located in on Hicacos Peninsula.
The southern coast has one of Cuba's most distinctive features: an enormous marsh, Ciénaga de Zapata that covers both the southern part of the province and the Zapata Peninsula. East of the peninsula lies the Bay of Pigs, the site of the failed US backed invasion.
|Cienaga de Zapata||8,750||4,320||Playa Larga|
|Unión de Reyes||40,022||856|
|Varadero||24,681||32||Abolished in 2010|
- "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
- Atenas.cu. "Municipalities of Matanzas". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- New York Public Library (1912). "Cuba: History and Description: Special Places: Matanzas (Province)". List of Works Relating to the West Indies.
Media related to Matanzas Province at Wikimedia Commons