1986 Massachusetts gubernatorial election Information
|Turnout||57.41% 25.1 |
|Elections in Massachusetts|
The 1986 Massachusetts gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 1986. Michael Dukakis was elected Governor of Massachusetts for a third term. He defeated Republican George Kariotis by a 65–30% margin.
- 1 Democratic primary
- 2 Republican primary
- 3 General election
- 4 References
- Michael Dukakis, incumbent Governor
Michael Dukakis was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.
- Gerard D'Amico, State Senator
- Evelyn Murphy, former Secretary of Environmental Affairs and candidate for Lt. Governor in 1982
- George Kariotis, businessman and former Secretary of Economic Affairs
- Greg Hyatt, lawyer and candidate for Massachusetts's 5th congressional district in 1984
- Royall H. Switzler, State Representative
- Paul W. Cronin, former U.S. Representative for Massachusetts's 5th congressional district 
- Edward J. King, former Democratic Governor 
On March 13, Greg Hyatt became the first Republican to enter the gubernatorial race. A self-described "populist conservative", Hyatt supported limiting state taxes, bringing back the death penalty, and competency testing and merit pay for teachers. He opposed the state law that made wearing a seat belt mandatory, the use of roadblocks to crack down on drunken driving, and the use of public funds for abortions. 
The convention nomination was won by Royall H. Switzler, a state representative who had been drafted by anti-Hyatt Republicans after former Congressman Paul W. Cronin decided not to enter the race. To receive the endorsement of the party, a candidate must receive the support of 50% of the delegates. Only candidates receiving 15% of the vote or more on any ballot would be eligible for a primary. After a strong showing on the first ballot, some of Hyatt's major supporters, including Ray Shamie and Papa Gino's founder Michael Valerio, announced that they would not oppose Switzler's endorsement.  On the second ballot, Switzler won the nomination with 975 votes. Since Carbone did not exceed 15% of the vote on either ballot, he was eliminated.
|State Republican Convention results, 1986|
|Candidate||First ballot||Pct.||Second ballot||Pct.|
Despite losing the nomination, Hyatt chose to stay in the race and run against Switzler in the Republican primary. However, Switzler dropped out of the race in June after inaccuracies about his military record were revealed. He had falsely claimed to be a member of the United States Army Special Forces and stated that he had fought in Vietnam when he had only visited Vietnam on leave from noncombat duty in Korea. 
Hyatt then dropped out of the race on July 14 amid accusations of forging names on his nomination papers, having ties to organized crime, and erratic personal behavior which included working nude in his office.  
Businessman and former Secretary of Economic Affairs George Kariotis entered the race after both candidates dropped out. Because the filing deadline for the election was on March 1, Hyatt and Switzler remained on the ballot while Kariotis was forced to run a write in campaign. Hyatt won the election, but he and Switzler, who finished second, declined the nomination and Kariotis was declared the nominee.
Due to the fact that both listed candidates had dropped out of the race, the Republican primary saw extremely low turnout.
|Republican||George Kariotis (Write-in)||11,787||18.31%|
- Nicholas M. Nikitas, hotel operator, real estate developer, and Republican Party activist 
Dukakis won a convincing victory over Kariotis. Soon after being sworn in for his third term as Governor, Dukakis began to run for the Democratic nomination for President in 1988.
|Democratic||Michael Dukakis ( Evelyn Murphy)||1,157,786||65.15%||5.67%|
|Republican||George Kariotis ( Nicholas Nikitas)||525,364||29.56%||7.01%|
- "Massachusetts gubernatorial election, 1986".
- Bruce Mohl (April 5, 1986). "Guy Carbone Announces GOP Run for Governor". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Andrew J. Dabilis (April 13, 1986). "Switzler Drive Put Together in 41⁄2 Hours". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- "Former Governor King decides not to challenge Dukakis again next fall". Providence Journal. Associated Press. January 24, 1986. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Bruce Mohl (March 14, 1986). "GOP'S Hyatt Announces Candidacy for Governor". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Bruce Mohl (April 14, 1986). "GOP'S Gears Set in Motion; Switzler Plots Strategy, Signals Hyatt Should Quit". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- Bruce Mohl (June 5, 1986). "ACCUSATIONS, TURMOIL SWIRL OVER SWITZLER". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- Bruce Mohl (October 18, 1986). "ADS DEPICT TAX CAP AS A HYATT PROPOSAL". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
- "Hey, gang! It's all over!". Nashua Telegraph. July 17, 1986. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- "Sign's '?' on Governor Answered, Massachusetts G.O.P. Seeks End to Slide". New York Times. February 16, 1986. Retrieved 2011-01-11.