Manuel A. Alonso
Dr. Manuel A. Alonso
|Born||October 6, 1822|
San Juan, Puerto Rico
|Died||November 4, 1889|
|Occupation||writer, poet, journalist|
|Literary movement||Liberal Reform Movement|
|Notable works||El Gibaro, Album Puertorriqueño|
Dr. Manuel A. Alonso (October 6, 1822 – November 4, 1889) was a writer, poet and journalist. He is considered to be the first Puerto Rican writer of notable importance.
Alonso was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. He received his primary education in Caguas and in the Ildefonso Seminary in San Juan. Alonso then went to the City of Barcelona, Spain where he enrolled in the University of Barcelona to study medicine. He finished his medical studies in 1844 and practiced his profession in Barcelona. In 1845, he published a book called "Gibaro" (which now is spelled "Jíbaro"). "El Gibaro" was a collection of verses whose main themes were the poor Puerto Rican country farmer and the customs of Puerto Rico. 
In 1848, Alonso returned to Puerto Rico and set up his medical office in the City of Caguas. He also became the director of the House of Benefit of San Juan, until the day of his death. In collaboration with other notable writers of the day, he published the "Album Puertorriqueño" (Puerto Rican Album), which was the second anthology of poems to be published in the island. 
As a writer, poet and journalist he derived his inspiration from anything that had to do with love and his country. Alonso cultivated his verses and gave them a touch festivality. Alonso was also, a member of the Liberal Reform movement in Puerto Rico and directed that organizations publication, "El Agente" (The Agent). Among his works are: "El Baile de Garabato" and "Puertorriqueño".  Dr. Manuel A. Alonso died in the City of San Juan on November 4, 1889.
Puerto Rico has honored his memory by naming schools and public buildings after him.
- List of famous Puerto Ricans
- List of Puerto Rican writers
- Puerto Rican literature
- Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States
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