|Manifesta - European Biennial of Contemporary Art|
|Genre||biennale, focus on contemporary art|
|Frequency||biennial, every two year.|
|Previous event||Manifesta 12 (2018|
|Next event||Manifesta 13 (2020)|
|Organised by||International Foundation Manifesta|
The Manifesta Biennial Festival was created in 1994, and the first edition took place in Rotterdam. One of the coordinators in Rotterdam was Thomas Meyer zu Schlochtern of the Rotterdamse Kunststichting.  Among the local artists brought into the international scene, were Jeanne van Heeswijk, Bik Van Der Pol and Joep van Lieshout. 
The 2006 edition of Manifesta was set to happen in Nicosia, Cyprus under the direction of Florian Waldvogel, Mai Abu ElDahab, and Anton Vidokle. In June 2006, Nicosia for Art, the city-run nonprofit organization sponsoring the exhibition, cancelled the event due to political turmoil around the green line of Nicosia. 
The 12th edition of Manifesta was held in Palermo, Italy around the theme "The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence". The exhibition put forward an interpretation of the city's history as the expression of a syncretism of cultures across the Mediterranean. The curators used the idea of the garden as a metaphor on how it might be possible to aggregate differences and to compose life out of movement and migration. 
|2000||3rd||Ljubljana||"Borderline Syndrome. Energies of Defence"||
Nuria Enguita Mayo
|2006||6th||Nicosia||Cancelled ||Florian Waldvogel
Mai Abu ElDahab
|2008||7th||Fortezza/Franzenfeste||"100 Miles in 100 Days" ||Adam Budak
Raqs Media Collective
|2010||8th||Murcia||Alexandria Contemporary Arts Forum (ACAF)
Chamber of Public Secrets (CPS)
|2014||10th||Saint Petersburg||Kasper König  |
|2016||11th||Zurich||"What People Do for Money: Some Joint Ventures"||
Francesca Gavin 
|2018||12th||Palermo||"The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence"||Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
Bregtje van der Haak
|2020||13th||Marseille  ||Alya Sebti, Katerina Chuchalina, Stefan Kalmár|
The Manifesta Biennial is owned and organized by Amsterdam-based International Foundation Manifesta (IFM).
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- Vanderlinden, Barbara; Filipovic, Elena, eds. (2006). The Manifesta Decade; Debates on Contemporary Art Exhibitions and Biennials in Post-Wall Europe. Brussels: Roomade. ISBN 9780262220767.
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