Manifesta Information

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Manifesta - European Biennial of Contemporary Art
Manifesta logo Large B&WII.jpg
Genrebiennale, focus on contemporary art
Frequencybiennial, every two year.
Previous eventManifesta 12 (2018
Next event Manifesta 13 (2020)
Organised byInternational Foundation Manifesta

Manifesta, the roving European Biennial of Contemporary Art, is a European pan-regional contemporary cultural biennale. [1]


The Manifesta Biennial Festival was created in 1994, and the first edition took place in Rotterdam. One of the coordinators in Rotterdam was Thomas Meyer zu Schlochtern of the Rotterdamse Kunststichting. [2] Among the local artists brought into the international scene, were Jeanne van Heeswijk, Bik Van Der Pol and Joep van Lieshout. [3]

The 2006 edition of Manifesta was set to happen in Nicosia, Cyprus under the direction of Florian Waldvogel, Mai Abu ElDahab, and Anton Vidokle. In June 2006, Nicosia for Art, the city-run nonprofit organization sponsoring the exhibition, cancelled the event due to political turmoil around the green line of Nicosia. [4]

The 10th edition of Manifesta in Saint Petersburg in Russia created tensions as the government had just prohibited "gay propaganda". [5]

The 12th edition of Manifesta was held in Palermo, Italy around the theme "The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence". The exhibition put forward an interpretation of the city's history as the expression of a syncretism of cultures across the Mediterranean. The curators used the idea of the garden as a metaphor on how it might be possible to aggregate differences and to compose life out of movement and migration. [6]


Year Edition Place Theme Curated by
1996 1st Rotterdam Katalyn Neray
Rosa Martinez
Viktor Misiano
Andrew Renton
Hans-Ulrich Obrist
1998 2nd Luxembourg Robert Fleck
Maria Lind
Barbara Vanderlinden
2000 3rd Ljubljana "Borderline Syndrome. Energies of Defence" Francesco Bonami
Ole Bouman
Maria Hlavajová
Kathrin Rhomberg
2002 4th Frankfurt Iara Boubnova
Nuria Enguita Mayo
Stéphanie Moisdon
2004 5th San Sebastián Massimiliano Gioni
Marta Kuzma
2006 6th Nicosia Cancelled [4] Florian Waldvogel
Mai Abu ElDahab
Anton Vidokle
2008 7th Fortezza/Franzenfeste




"100 Miles in 100 Days" [7] Adam Budak

Anselm Franke
Hila Peleg

Raqs Media Collective

2010 8th Murcia Alexandria Contemporary Arts Forum (ACAF)
Chamber of Public Secrets (CPS)
Manifesta8.jpg Penetrationmanifesta.jpg
2012 9th Genk Cuauhtémoc Medina
Dawn Adès
Katerina Gregos
2014 10th Saint Petersburg Kasper König [5] [8]
2016 11th Zurich "What People Do for Money: Some Joint Ventures" Christian Jankowski
Francesca Gavin [9]
Pavillon of Reflections. Manifesta 11.jpg
2018 12th Palermo "The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence" Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
Mirjam Varadinis
Andrés Jaque
Bregtje van der Haak
Orto botanico palermo.jpg
2020 13th Marseille [10] [11] Alya Sebti, Katerina Chuchalina, Stefan Kalmár
2022 14th Prishtina [12]


The Manifesta Biennial is owned and organized by Amsterdam-based International Foundation Manifesta (IFM).


  1. ^ Schroeder, Mariana (15 October 2010). "Touching the Taboo". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  2. ^ Manifesta - Volume 1. Foundation European Art Manifestation, 1996.
  3. ^ Vanderlinden & Filipovic (2006, p. 208).
  4. ^ a b Augustine Zenakos (7 June 2006). "Manifesta no more". Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b Coline Milliard (30 April 2014). "Controversial Manifesta 10 Organizers Condemn Artists Boycotts". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  6. ^ Saraceno, V. (8 May 2018). Manifesta 12 Palermo Concept: The Planetary Garden. Cultivating Coexistence. Retrieved from
  7. ^ "Italian Hours". 24 July 2008. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  8. ^ Adrian Searle (30 June 2014). "The art world takes on Russia's regressive LGBT laws at Manifesta 10". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  9. ^ Tess Thackara (5 April 2016). "Michel Houellebecq and the Zurich Fire Brigade Are Among Unlikely Artists of Manifesta 11". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  10. ^ Mark Robert (6 May 2016). "Marseilles to host Manifesta in 2020". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Manifesta 13 Marseille – The European Nomadic Biennial". Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Manifesta 14 to be hosted in Pristina, Kosovo, in 2022 « MANIFESTA". Retrieved 3 May 2019.

Further reading

External links