|Malheur County, Oregon|
Malheur County Courthouse in Vale
Location in the U.S. state of Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 17, 1887|
|Named for||Malheur River|
|• Total||9,930 sq mi (25,719 km2)|
|• Land||9,888 sq mi (25,610 km2)|
|• Water||42 sq mi (109 km2), 0.4%|
|• ( 2016)||30,439|
|• Density||3.2/sq mi (1.2/km2)|
Malheur County // is a county in the southeast corner of the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,313.  Its county seat is Vale,  and its largest city is Ontario. The county was named after the Malheur River, which runs through the county. "Malheur" is French for misfortune or tragedy. 
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Malheur County was created February 17, 1887, from the southern portion of Baker County. It was first settled by miners and stockmen in the early 1860s. The discovery of gold in 1863 attracted further development, including settlements and ranches. Basques settled in the region in the 1890s and were mainly engaged in sheep raising.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,930 square miles (25,700 km2), of which 9,888 square miles (25,610 km2) is land and 42 square miles (110 km2) (0.4%) is water.  It is the second-largest county in Oregon by area and the only county in Oregon in the Mountain Time Zone.
- Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge (part)
- Malheur National Forest (part)
- Whitman National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2016 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 31,615 people, 10,221 households, and 7,348 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1.2/km²). There were 11,233 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0.4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:
- 75.78% White
- 1.22% Black or African American
- 1.02% Native American
- 1.96% Asian
- 0.08% Pacific Islander
- 17.38% from other races
- 2.56% from two or more races
25.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.2% were of German, 10.5% English, 8.4% American and 6.9% Irish ancestry. 79.4% spoke English and 19.4% Spanish as their first language.
There were 10,221 households out of which 36.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,241, and the median income for a family was $35,672. Males had a median income of $25,489 versus $21,764 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,895. About 14.60% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 31,313 people, 10,411 households, and 7,149 families residing in the county.  The population density was 3.2 inhabitants per square mile (1.2/km2). There were 11,692 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2).  The racial makeup of the county was 77.5% white, 1.7% Asian, 1.2% American Indian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 15.5% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 31.5% of the population.  In terms of ancestry, 16.2% were German, 11.9% were English, 10.3% were Irish, and 9.9% were American. 
Of the 10,411 households, 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, and 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age was 36.2 years. 
The median income for a household in the county was $39,144 and the median income for a family was $46,136. Males had a median income of $33,234 versus $27,883 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,335. About 15.2% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. 
Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Malheur County are members of the Republican Party. In the 2008 presidential election, 69.10% of Malheur County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 28.47% voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 2.42% of voters voted for a third-party candidate. These statistics do not include write-in votes.  These numbers show a small shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 74.9% of Malheur Country voters voted for George W. Bush, while 23.8% voted for John Kerry, and 1.3% of voters either voted for a third-party candidate or wrote in a candidate. 
Malheur County is one of the most Republican counties in Oregon when it comes to Presidential elections. It was one of only two counties in Oregon to give the majority of its vote to Barry Goldwater and has favored the Republican candidate for decades.  The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.  Further every Republican candidate since 1996 has received more than 60% of the county's vote.  Malheur County is also one of the most reliably Republican counties in state elections, for example in the 1998 gubernatorial election it was the only county to vote for Bill Sizemore instead of John Kitzhaber, and in the 2004 U.S. Senate election, it was one of only three to vote for rancher Al King over Ron Wyden.
As part of Oregon's 2nd congressional district it has been represented by Republican Greg Walden since 1999. At the state level, Malheur County is within Oregon's 30th Senate district, represented by Republican Cliff Bentz. In the Oregon House of Representatives 60th district it is represented by Republican Lynn Findley.
The county is 94% rangeland, with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) controlling 72% of the land. Irrigated fields in the county's northeast corner, known as Western Treasure Valley, are the center of intensive and diversified farming. Malheur County's economy also depends on tourism.
The county's two largest employers are the Heinz Frozen Food Company of Ontario, a potato processor branded as Ore-Ida, and the Snake River Correctional Institution, five miles northwest of Ontario. 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Malheur County, Oregon
- Malheur Enterprise, local newspaper of public record
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "malheur - traduction - Dictionnaire Français-Anglais WordReference.com". www.wordreference.com (in French). Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Census Data Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jacklet, Ben (April 2008). "Prisontown myth". Oregon Business magazine. Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
- https://sos.oregon.gov/elections/Documents/registration/mar09.pdf Retrieved on 4/21/09
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2009-04-21. Retrieved on 4/21/09
- http://www.city-data.com/county/Malheur_County-OR.html Retrieved on 4/21/09
- David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for Oregon by election)
- Geographie Electorale
- The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Oregon)
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- Malheur County (official website)
- Information about Malheur County from Oregon State University Malheur Experiment Station
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