Madison, Illinois Article

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Madison
City
City Hall
City Hall
Location of Madison in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Madison in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°41′1″N 90°9′4″W / 38.68361°N 90.15111°W / 38.68361; -90.15111
MADISON ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

38°41′1″N 90°9′4″W / 38.68361°N 90.15111°W / 38.68361; -90.15111
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
County Madison
Area [1]
 • Total17.16 sq mi (44.44 km2)
 • Land14.52 sq mi (37.61 km2)
 • Water2.64 sq mi (6.83 km2)
Population ( 2010)
 • Total3,891
 • Estimate (2016) [2]3,846
 • Density264.86/sq mi (102.26/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 ( CST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−5 ( CDT)
ZIP Code(s)62060
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code17-45993
Wikimedia CommonsMadison, Illinois

Madison is a city in Madison and St. Clair counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 3,891 at the 2010 census. [3] It is home to Gateway Motorsports Park and the first Bulgarian Orthodox church in the United States.

History

Madison was founded in 1820. There have been three villages named Madison. [4]

Geography

Madison is located at 38°41′1″N 90°9′4″W / 38.68361°N 90.15111°W / 38.68361; -90.15111 (38.683700, -90.151047). [5]

According to the 2010 census, Madison has a total area of 17.181 square miles (44.50 km2), of which 14.55 square miles (37.68 km2) (or 84.69%) is land and 2.631 square miles (6.81 km2) (or 15.31%) is water. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19001,979
19105,046155.0%
19204,996−1.0%
19307,66153.3%
19407,7821.6%
19507,9632.3%
19606,861−13.8%
19707,0422.6%
19805,301−24.7%
19904,629−12.7%
20004,545−1.8%
20103,891−14.4%
Est. 20163,846 [2]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 4,545 people, 1,881 households, and 1,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 648.3 people per square mile (250.3/km²). There were 2,322 housing units at an average density of 331.2 per square mile (127.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.36% White, 42.13% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 1,881 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.2% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,828, and the median income for a family was $29,926. Males had a median income of $27,363 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,090. About 19.6% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

National Register of Historic Places

Chain of Rocks Bridge

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madison city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  4. ^ Norton, William T. (1912). Centennial History of Madison County, Illinois, and Its People, 1812 to 1912. The Lewis Publishing Co. p. 577.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links