|Locale||Houston ( Texas, USA)|
|Transit type||Light rail/ Tram|
|Number of lines||3 (5 planned)|
|Number of stations||39 |
|Chief executive||Tom Lambert|
|Headquarters||Lee P. Brown METRO Administration Building|
1900 Main St. 
|Began operation||January 1, 2004|
|Operator(s)||Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County|
|Character||At grade, with street running sections|
|Number of vehicles||37
39 CAF USA vehicles
|Train length||Two cars |
|Headway||6–20 minutes |
|System length||22.7 mi (36.5 km)|
(planned 24.4 mi (39.3 km)) [ not in citation given]
|No. of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Minimum radius of curvature||350 ft (107 m)|
|Electrification||600/750 V DC overhead catenary|
METRORail is the 22.7-mile (36.5 km)  light rail system in Houston, Texas (USA). As of 2015, the METRORail has an average weekday ridership of 56,600 and total annual ridership of 18,335,000.  After Dallas' DART Light Rail, METRORail ranks as the second most-traveled light rail system in the Southern United States and the 12th most-traveled light rail system in the United States.  METRORail is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO).
This line was built after an approximately 20-year battle,  starting in 1983 when Houston voters rejected a rail plan by referendum.  A voter referendum in 1988 approved a 20-mile (32 km) light rail plan;  however, Bob Lanier was elected mayor in 1992 and stopped the plan.  In 1991, U.S. Rep. Tom DeLay removed $65 million in federal funding for the rail line.  Then, Houston drew up a rail plan with entirely local funding. In 2001, several groups sued to stop construction, claiming that the METRO organization was a "private business" and subject to Houston City Charter provisions regulating business use of its streets;  they obtained 2 temporary injunctions in January 2001, which were reversed by appeals court on March 9, 2001. 
Ground was broken on the original 7.5-mile (12.1 km), 16-station portion of the line (from UH–Downtown to Fannin South) on March 13, 2001.  The opening of METRORail, which took place on January 1, 2004, came 64 years after the previous streetcar system had been shut down.  The cost was $324 million.  Houston was the largest city in the United States without a rail system after the 1990 opening of the Blue Line in Los Angeles.
Tom DeLay strongly opposed construction of the METRORail line and twice blocked federal funding for the system in the United States House of Representatives.  Thus the Metrorail was built without any federal funding until November 2011 when a $900 million grant was approved for expansions, under the executive order by President Barack Obama. 
In spite of the opposition of some groups to the Metrorail, surveys conducted by Stephen Klineberg and Rice University have shown consistent increases in support of rail transport and decreases in support for bigger and better roads/highways in the Houston metropolitan area in recent years.    Klineberg considers these changes a "paradigm shift" or "sea change" on attitudes towards mass transit.   
Construction began on the 5.3-mile (8.5 km) and 9-station North/Red Line Extension from UH–Downtown to the Northline Transit Center Station in July 2009. This extension opened on December 21, 2013 (ahead of its projected "early 2014" opening), increasing the line to its current total of 12.8 miles (20.6 km) and 24 stations.   
The 6.6-mile (10.6 km) Purple Line, with 10 stations, and the 3.3-mile (5.3 km) Green Line, with 9 stations, began construction in July 2009.  Both lines, together costing $1.3 billion, share a track segment in downtown, then run east and diverge.  After numerous delays, all but two stations on the eastern end of the Green Line opened on May 23, 2015, while the remaining stations entered service on January 11, 2017 after the construction of an overpass .
The light rail line operates all 7 days of the week. It begins operations at 3:30 a.m. weekdays and 4:30 a.m. weekends and ends service at 12:30 a.m. Monday through Thursday nights, 2:45 a.m. Friday and Saturday nights and, 12:30 a.m. Sunday nights. Scheduled train frequency varies from 6 minutes during the day to 20 minutes off-peak.
METRORail operations are controlled from Houston TranStar, a traffic and emergency management center for the city and surrounding region.  Trains have priority signalling at intersections except for six stations near the downtown medical centers.   At prioritized intersections, traffic lights for road traffic in all directions turn red when a train passes. 
The Red Line is a 12.8-mile (20.6 km)  double-tracked, 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge line with 24 stations  approximately 1⁄2 mile (0.8 km) apart, running from Fannin South to the Northline Transit Center Station. Almost the entire route is at grade and on city streets. The original 2004 portion from Fannin South to UH-Downtown is entirely at ground-level and at-grade with street traffic. However, on the North/Red Line Extension (from UH-Downtown to Northline Transit Center two small portions are elevated: the Burnett Transit Center station  and a small section of track between Melbourne/North Lindale and Northline Transit Center on Fulton Street.  Power supply is from 600/750 volts DC overhead wires, with nine substations (for the original 2004 portion).  The line follows Main Street for 8 stations from UH–Downtown to Wheeler Station, then follows Fannin Street for the remainder of the original route until Fannin South. Northbound trains run on San Jacinto Street (rather than Fannin) for a small section of the route between the Wheeler and Museum District stations. The North/Red Extension runs along North Main Street until just after Quitman Near Northside, then turns onto Boundary Street until just before Fulton/North Central, and then runs along Fulton Street until Northline Transit Center. 
Significant businesses and institutions along the Red Line route include the University of Houston–Downtown, Houston's restaurant district near Preston Station, the Downtown Transit Center, Houston's museum district, Rice University, Memorial Hermann Hospital, the Texas Medical Center and NRG Stadium.
A Park and Ride parking lot is available at one station: Fannin South.   It has approximately 1,200 parking spaces.  Parking fees included a daily rate of $3 and a monthly hangtag contract of $40. The Burnett Transit Center will have a Park and Ride facility next to the Casa de Amigos Health Center, scheduled to open in late 2014. 
For the original 2004 portion of the Red Line, the architectural firm Pierce Goodwin Alexander & Linville, of Houston, Texas, was in charge of the final architectural/engineering design and design support, with a $2.3 million contract.  However, all stations south of Burnett Transit Center were designed by the Houston office of St. Louis-based architectural firm Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum.  All stations are of similar design—250 feet (76 m) long and partially covered by glass roofs. Station length was constrained by the distance between crosswalks in downtown city blocks; station platforms are low-floor and 350 millimetres (14 in) high. 
The right-of-way and the stations for the original 2004 line were built by three contractors for approximately $115 million: Texas Sterling Construction Co. of Houston, Bencon Management of Houston and Beers Construction Co. of Atlanta.  The line construction was divided into five sections, with a resident engineer for each section, to speed up construction. 
The 6.6-mile (10.6 km), 10-station Purple Line, and 7 stations of the 3.3-mile (5.3 km), 9-station Green Line opened on May 23, 2015.  The final two stations of the Green Line opened on January 11, 2017. 
Tracks on all three lines are usually in the center of the street; however, the southbound tracks between the Wheeler and Museum District stations run along the left side,  and the downtown Houston tracks along Capitol and Rusk streets run along the south side of the streets. Furthermore, the tracks on Capitol and Rusk run in mixed traffic, sharing a lane with buses and other vehicles, like streetcars.
A yard and a maintenance facility for the Red Line is connected by loop track to the south of the Fannin South station,  and two storage yards are located at the termini of the Green and Purple lines.
The standard fare for this rail line is $1.25 for both cash and MetroQ Fare Card riders; $3 for a Day Pass. The discount fare of $0.60 available for MetroQ Fare Card riders who are seniors 65-69, disabled, Medicare cardholders or full-time students (elementary, high school and university); $1.50 for a Day Pass. All discount riders must show ID (except for elementary and high school students).  Free transfers to METRO buses are available with the MetroQ Fare Card only, for 3 hours in any direction.  Paper transfers from buses were accepted from July 2015 to March 2016 on a trial basis boarded for free: before noon good until 15:00, after it to end of service day. The MetroQ Fare Card holders can earn "Rider Rewards" of 5 free trips for every 50 paid trips.  Tickets and cards are purchased from machines at the stations. No charge applies to Texans/ Dash/ Dynamo home game days with game ticket, nor to seniors over 70 or to children under 5 who ride with an adult (limit 3).
Fare collection, like most light rail systems in the United States, is based on a proof-of-payment system: METRO's fare inspectors randomly check tickets and cards aboard trains. Failure to pay the fare is a Class C Misdemeanor and is subject to a fine of up to $500. Consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited on the train platform and subject to the same fine as a Class C Misdemeanor. 
In the first year of METRORail, ridership, though increasing from 12,102 in January to 32,941 in October, tapered off slightly in the last two months of the year, and "fell short of the 35,000 goal transit officials had set" in early 2004, according to the Houston Chronicle.  The line reached 75 million boardings in December 2011, four years ahead of schedule,  but throughout that year, ridership numbers remained flat or showed small decreases.  By 2012, average weekday ridership was 36,250. 
The North/Red Line Extension exceeded ridership projections by 62% in the first month of operation, averaging 4,200 weekday boardings in January 2014; this was 1,600 more boardings than projected for the extension through September 30, 2014 (the end of the METRORail's fiscal year). 
Notable records in ridership have occurred on the following dates: 
- February 1, 2004: 64,005 passengers rode the METRORail to Super Bowl XXXVIII
- February 23, 2004: 54,193 passenger boardings were recorded, the highest weekday at the time
- February 27, 2007: 56,388 passengers were recorded the day of the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo
- March 15, 2012: 70,611 passengers were recorded; many of whom attended the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo and a performance by The Band Perry after the rodeo at the Reliant Park sports complex. 
- March 19, 2014: 76,925 passengers were recorded due in part to the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo. 
- February 4, 2017: 109,500 passenger boardings were recorded during Super Bowl LI
The original fleet of 18 vehicles was built by Siemens Transportation Systems (a division of Siemens AG of Germany) in Sacramento, California. They were delivered in 2003–2004, for the opening of the first stage of the Red Line,  at a cost of $118 million.  Designated by the manufacturer as S70 and based on earlier vehicles built for Portland's MAX Light Rail, each vehicle is 96 feet (29 m) long and has a top speed of 66 mph (106 km/h).  They have a capacity of 72 seated and approximately 169 standing passengers, or a total capacity of around 241 per car.   This approximately 250-person capacity has been reached on certain Super Bowl weekends. 
The H1 series cars are distinguishable by their streamlined cab ends and rectangular headlamps, with the electronic destination sign (which have been modified to indicate the line with a colored square) mounted directly in front of the cab rather than above it. They are normally used only on the Red Line and can be operated as single cars or in trains of two cars coupled together, though two-car trains have become the norm due to increasing ridership and the arrival of the H2 series.
In the spring of 2011, METRO purchased a further 19 Siemens S70 vehicles (the same model as its original 18), citing the need to accommodate ridership that was 4 years ahead of expectations and to get cars more quickly.  These cars were originally slated for Utah Transit Authority's TRAX system, which METRO purchased for $83 million after UTA decided not to exercise options for them.   As with the previous generation, these new cars were built in Florin, California,  but they differ slightly from the cars Utah received in detail, including having more air-conditioning units.  They were delivered in October 2012 and entered service that December. 
The H2 series cars are shorter than the H1 series, at 81 feet (25 m) in length, and are distinguishable by their flatter cab ends and circular headlamps, with the electronic destination sign (which use colored dots to indicate the line) conventionally mounted above the cab. Like the H1 series, they are normally used only on the Red Line and can be operated as single cars or in two-car trains. The H1 and H2 series are electrically compatible and can operate together in the same train.
For expansion of the METRORail system, METRO turned to CAF USA, with a total order of 105 cars placed in May 2010.  This order was cancelled in February 2011 as it did not comply with the "Buy America" Act. CAF gave a refund, which METRO applied to the purchase of the H2 series cars. 
In September 2011, METRO approved the purchase of 39 vehicles from CAF upon receipt of a new proposal compliant with Federal Transit Administration (FTA) and "Buy America" guidelines.   The first six of these cars were delivered in January 2015  and entered service shortly afterwards. 
The H3 series cars, built in Elmira, New York  and based on CAF's Urbos platform used in cities across Europe and Asia, are similar to the H1 series in dimensions, but are distinguishable by their boxier design and framed window panes. They are in operation on all three METRORail lines and can couple to form two-car trains; however, the H3 series is electrically incompatible with the older types and cannot operate with them in the same train.
|Series||Builder||Model||In service||Fleet numbers||Years of service||Lines used||Image|
|H3||CAF USA||Urbos LRV||30||301–339||2015–present|
In 2003 voters approved a $1.23 billion expansion of the as-yet unopened system, including four new lines.  Critics of the system opposed METRO for spending public funds for "educational advertisements" about the proposed system, which critics claimed promote the referendum.  Critics further claimed that the main political action committee (PAC) supporting the bond had a conflict of interest because it received over US$100,000 in contributions from contractors and equipment suppliers for METRORail who stood to gain financially from its expansion. 
The Red Line Extension began operation on December 21, 2013,  while the Purple and Green lines began service on May 23, 2015.  Central Station was also added to the current Red Line in order to provide transfers to/from both the Purple and Green lines. 
In August 2010, a budget shortfall of $49 million was announced by METRO, which has halted progress on the University/Blue Line. The line has already received a final Federal Record of Decision but there are no official words regarding when construction would start or how the line would be funded.  METRO previously claimed that the completion of construction and opening of the Red Line Extension would be by 2013  and the Green Line by 2014.  However, METRO announced on September 9, 2010 that the opening dates for the Red Line Extension, Purple and Green lines had been pushed back to 2014  and by September 2014, the start date had slipped back to April 4, 2015. 
In November 2009, METRO applied for $900 million grant from the Federal Transit Administration to fund future construction. Allegations were made that METRO lied about the income from their sales tax revenue to allow them to gain $900 million in federal funds for all five planned rail expansions.  However, city officials found no such attempt by METRO to mislead them,  but the Federal Transit Administration continued to withhold its approval for the money until further figures can be examined.  On December 8, 2011, the FTA finally announced the award. The award of $900 million was broken into two $450 million grants from the New Starts transit program, to fund construction of the Red Line Extension and Purple lines. 
Following METRO's 2010 annual audit, the agency has decided to cancel the Burnett Plaza project. This is part of a US$168,000,000 asset liquidation. The price of the land US$21,000,000 is valued separately. 
METRO offered the public a chance to name stations on its expansion lines. 
Due to lack of funds, it was announced in early 2013 that the Uptown/Gold Line will be constructed initially as a bus rapid transit line. The design will feature the ability to easily convert the line to light rail in the future. This will allow the line to be functional as early as 2017. 
|North / Red Line Extension||5.3 mi (8.5 km) ||UH–Downtown Station to the Northline Transit Center||Opened December 21, 2013|
|Purple Line||6.6 mi (10.6 km) ||Smith Street in Downtown Houston to Palm Center at MLK & Griggs Street||Opened May 23, 2015|
|Green Line||3.3 mi (5.3 km) ||Smith Street in Downtown Houston to the Magnolia Transit Center||Opened May 23, 2015|
|University / Blue Line||11.4 mi (18.3 km)  ||Hillcroft Transit Center to the Eastwood Transit Center ||Planned|
|Uptown / Gold Line||4.8 mi (7.7 km) ||Bellaire/South Rice Station on Westpark to the Northwest Transit Center||Under Construction|
For a full year before the Metrorail system's opening, a program to prepare drivers to share Houston streets with the Metrorail trains was conducted, consisting of driver safety classes, community forums and public service announcements.  By August the system averaged six crashes per month, 20 times worse than the national average for light rail systems. The high rate of incidents gave rise to local derogatory nicknames among detractors such as the "Wham Bam tram" and "Danger Train."  METRO has consistently blamed driver error as the cause of the high collision rate and the transit agency's police department regularly tickets motorists who cross paths with the train. An independent panel of transportation experts at Texas A&M University issued a report in 2004 finding no fundamental flaws with the Metrorail system, although this report did recommend minor adjustments to signal timing and signage. 
The 100th accident, as defined by METRO, occurred on August 10, 2005. In the judgement of METRO police only two of these were the fault of the train operator. Most crashes resulted from drivers turning into the trains or running red lights. Following the Texas A&M report METRO implemented four-way red lights at some crossings and other safety measures which led to a 75% reduction in incidents per train mile even as service ramped up.  Critics have also noted the fact that the system is at-grade, while supporters contend that lack of federal funding due to political opposition made construction of a grade separated rail line unfeasible.  Sociology and urban studies professor Stephen Klineberg argues that the high rate of crashes in Houston is attributable to the high rate of automobile driving and low rate of walking in Houston. 
- List of METRORail stations
- Light rail in the United States
- List of United States light rail systems by ridership
- Light rail in North America
- List of tram and light rail transit systems
- "MetroRail Rider Guide" (PDF). METRO. May 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "METRO About Us". Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Houston, Texas. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Begley, Dug (November 20, 2014). "Rail line delay gives Metro time to acquire more cars". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2015-05-24.
- "METRORail Passes New Milestones on Way to 2014 Opening" (Press release). Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County. October 11, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2015-09-09 – via Guidry News Service (GuidryNews.com).
- APTA Q4 2015 Light Rail Transit Ridership Report
- "Trains finally roll in Houston rail system". CNN. Reuters. January 1, 2004. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Dobson, Georgianna (November 21, 2001). "Houston Voters Approve First Metro Rail Line". World Internet News. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05.
- Hill, Ben (October 26, 2005). "Greater Houston Partnership and Metro: A Little History". World Internet News. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05.
- "Houston Breaks Ground for First Light Rail Line". LightRailNow!. March 16, 2001. Archived from the original on 2013-02-24.
- Sallee, Rad (March 14, 2001). "Gold spikes mark start of light rail line". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2015-01-18. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- Wall, Lucas (January 1, 2004). "Houstonians flock downtown as Metro light rail rolls out today". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2015-01-18. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- "Houston: Metro's Light Rail Opens in the Citadel of Asphalt". LightRailNow!. January 4, 2004. Archived from the original on 2011-12-10. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- Shay, Miya (November 28, 2011). "METRO to get $900 million in federal funds for light rail expansion projects". KTRK-TV. Archived from the original on 2015-01-18. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- Natt, Wendy (April 22, 2009). "Survey shows strong support for transit". Houston Tomorrow. Archived from the original on 2014-11-30. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "Public Opinion on Transit Improves". Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County. 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "Houstonians more positive about city despite economic woes, annual survey finds". e! Science News. April 20, 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-12-17. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "Houstonians say there's no place like home, survey finds". Houston Business Journal. April 20, 2009. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- Begley, Dug (May 23, 2013). "Metro says North rail line to open early". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2015-01-18. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- Begley, Dug (December 21, 2013). "New northside light rail line opens with free rides". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2015-01-19.
- "Houston Facts 2014" (PDF). METRO. 2014. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Rhodes, Elizabeth (April 22, 2015). "Sneak peek at new METRO rail lines: Easy access to UH and Dynamo stadium; art-filled stops along the way". CultureMap Houston. Retrieved 2015-05-24.
- Begley, Dug (September 17, 2014). "More trouble for rail lines as opening pushed to next year". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2015-05-24.
- "Houston MetroRail System". Railway-Technology.com. June 15, 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-15.
- Vassilakos, Greg (15 August 2013). "An Excursion on Houston Metro Rail". Archived from the original on 22 September 2013.
- Luks, Joel (December 7, 2013). "Don't be disappointed: New METRORail route is growing pain for H-Town". CultureMap Houston. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
- Houston MetroRail - northern elevated structure on Red Line. YouTube. June 24, 2014.
- A Driver's Guide to the Lines (2013).
- Park and Ride Locations Archived May 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Ridemetro.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- Fannin South Park and Ride Archived May 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Ridemetro.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- http://www.hok.com/cfm/ProjectDetailArchive.cfm?Tag=Planning&projectID=63&TagList=Mobility%5EPlanning%5EUnited%20States%5ETransportation[ dead link]
- METRORail Fest 2015 Kicks Off Historic Opening of Two New Light-Rail Lines. Metro Transit Authority of Harris County. Retrieved on 2017-03-13.
- Harrisburg Overpass Opening Completes Green Line, Bridges Communities. Metro Transit Authority of Harris County. Retrieved on 2017-03-13.
- Houston, Texas. world.nycsubway.org (January 1, 2004). Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- Appeals Court Gives Green Light to Houston Light Rail Project. Lightrailnow.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- Houston Light Rail: The Case for Building on What We Have. Lightrailnow.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)
- METRORail Paid Fare Zones Archived May 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.. Ridemetro.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- Wall, Lucas (January 17, 2005). "Houston rail ridership breezes past other cities". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Morris, Mike (February 25, 2011). "Thanks to Utah, Metro will get rail cars in 2012". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Morris, Mike (April 22, 2011). "Metro ridership lags despite pricy gas". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- "Monthly Ridership Report METROBus and METRORail January 2012 (Fiscal Year 2012)" (PDF). METRO. March 7, 2012. p. 17. Archived from the original (pdf) on June 26, 2014. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Sit, Mary (February 12, 2014). "Ridership Exceeds Expectations on Red Line". Write On Metro. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
- "METRORail riding sets record". Houston Business Journal. February 28, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Thompson, Dana (March 15, 2012). "Rodeo helps Metro set rail record". The Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- Begley, Dug (March 21, 2014). "Metro rail record lasted less than a week before being shattered". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
- "Vehicles Lines". Siemens. Archived from the original on September 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- Nusca, Andrew. (April 6, 2011) Siemens lands $83 million contract for light rail in Houston. SmartPlanet. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- "S70 Light Rail Vehicle - Houston" (PDF). Siemens AG. May 2007. Retrieved 2009-11-08.[ permanent dead link]
- Houston's MetroRail Alleviates Congestion as Riders Fill LRT Trains. Lightrailnow.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- "Houston places US$83 million order with Siemens for 19 LRT vehicles" (Press release). Berlin, Germany: Siemens. April 6, 2011. Retrieved 2015-09-09.
- Morris, Mike (February 24, 2011).
"Thanks to Utah, Metro will get rail cars in 2012". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
Metro will take delivery of 19 new rail cars for its Main Street line in late 2012 from an unlikely source — Utah.
- "Metro approves historic contract to build more light rail: Construction brings jobs to Houston". Houston Chronicle. May 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
"METRO Receives Refund From Spanish Rail Car Vendor". METRO News Release. February 16, 2011. Archived from
the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
METRO has received a $14 million dollar refund from CAF, the Spanish rail car vendor.
- "Houston Metro CAF rail vehicle purchase moving ahead - News". METRO Magazine. November 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "News Release September 29, 2011". METRO. September 29, 2011. Archived from the original on January 6, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
- "Houston light rail cars delivered after due date". Trains. January 12, 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015. (subscription required)
- "Houston METRO Launches New Light Rail Cars". Passenger Transport. American Public Transportation Association. January 9, 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-14.
- Jamieson, R. (March 24, 2015). "CAF USA keeps Elmira area's rail heritage rolling". Star-Gazette. Elmira, New York. USA Today. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- Begley, Dug (June 20, 2014). "Dallas, Houston follow different paths on rail development". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Biundo, John (October 2003). "The METRO Money Train". Archived from the original on March 15, 2004.
- "Rail line delay gives Metro time to acquire more cars". The Daily Cougar. November 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- "Southeast Line Downtown Segment Updates". Metrosolutions.org. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Perera, John (April 26, 2010). "Final Approval on University Light-Rail Line". Myfoxhouston.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Sarnoff, Nancy (May 29, 2010). "Rail puts Fulton Corridor on the verge of a boom". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Metro announces $49M budget shortfall". KHOU. August 19, 2010. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Perera, John (April 26, 2010). "Rail Lines Will Not Meet Oct. 2013 Deadline". Myfoxhouston.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Did Metro try to deceive feds to get $900M?". KHOU. October 30, 2013. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- "Metro, city officials deny effort to mislead FTA". Houston Chronicle. April 16, 2010. Retrieved 2011-04-09.[ permanent dead link]
- "Feds take action on Metro rail lines to protect taxpayers". KHOU. April 22, 2010. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "$900m awarded to extend Houston's light rail system". Rail.co. December 8, 2011. Archived from the original on June 6, 2012. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Metro writing off $168 million in worthless assets - Houston Community Newspapers: News". Yourhoustonnews.com. February 19, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Light rail stations closer to getting names. Houston Chronicle (July 7, 2011). Retrieved on 2013-08-15.
- "Post Oak redesign drops rail for bus lane". Houston Chronicle. February 10, 2013.
- "University Line FTA Approval". Gometrorail.org. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Howlett, Debbie (March 7, 2004). "Houston's crash course in light rail". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
- Babineck, Mark (August 11, 2004). "Houston's light rail making a real dent in city's car traffic". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Wall, Lucas (March 9, 2004). "Report: Rail design not to blame for vehicle accidents". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
- Sallee, Rad (August 10, 2005). "Car, lightrail collide in 100th accident involving train". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to METRORail.|
- GO METRORail
- METRORail - Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County
- Houston Metro Rail Development - interactive Facebook page (unofficial)