Lorain County, Ohio Article

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Lorain County, Ohio
Elyria-ohio-old-county-building.jpg
Old county building in Elyria
Flag of Lorain County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Lorain County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Lorain County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
FoundedApril 1, 1824
Named for Lorraine in France [1]
Seat Elyria
Largest city Lorain
Area
 • Total923 sq mi (2,391 km2)
 • Land491 sq mi (1,272 km2)
 • Water432 sq mi (1,119 km2), 47%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)307,924
 • Density614/sq mi (237/km2)
Congressional districts 4th, 7th, 9th
Website www.loraincounty.us

Lorain County is a county in northeastern Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 301,356. [2] Its county seat is Elyria. [3] The county was created in 1822 and later organized in 1824. [4]

Lorain County is part of the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is also home to Amherst, with its sandstone quarries, and Oberlin College, in Oberlin.

History

Lorain County was established in 1822, from portions of several of its adjacent counties. This county became judicially-independent in 1824. The original proposed name for the county was "Colerain". [5] (and therefore, the final name "Lorain" seems to have no true intended connection to the Alsace-Lorraine area of France, as theorized by later historians).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 923 square miles (2,390 km2), of which 491 square miles (1,270 km2) is land and 432 square miles (1,120 km2) (47%) is water. [6] It is the fourth-largest county in Ohio by total area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18305,696
184018,467224.2%
185026,08641.3%
186029,74414.0%
187030,3081.9%
188035,52617.2%
189040,29513.4%
190054,85736.1%
191076,03738.6%
192090,61219.2%
1930109,20620.5%
1940112,3902.9%
1950148,16231.8%
1960217,50046.8%
1970256,84318.1%
1980274,9097.0%
1990271,126−1.4%
2000284,6645.0%
2010301,3565.9%
Est. 2017307,924 [7]2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2017 [2]

As of the 2010 census, there were 301,356 people, 116,274 households, and 80,077 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 613.6 inhabitants per square mile (236.9/km2). There were 127,036 housing units at an average density of 258.7 per square mile (99.9/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% white, 8.6% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 2.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.4% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 26.5% were German, 16.7% were Irish, 10.9% were English, 8.4% were Polish, 8.2% were Italian, 6.2% were American, and 5.2% were Hungarian. [14]

Of the 116,274 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families, and 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 40.0 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $52,066 and the median income for a family was $62,082. Males had a median income of $49,146 versus $35,334 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,002. About 10.3% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Politics

Like most of northeastern Ohio, Lorain County leans Democratic. It has voted for the Democratic candidate for president in 12 of the last 15 elections. In 2016, however, the county was almost swept up in the unexpected Republican surge in the Rust Belt; Donald Trump came within 131 votes of being the first Republican to capture the county since Ronald Reagan in 1984.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 47.5% 66,818 47.6% 66,949 4.8% 6,795
2012 41.5% 59,405 56.9% 81,464 1.7% 2,384
2008 40.2% 59,068 58.1% 85,276 1.7% 2,515
2004 43.5% 61,203 56.1% 78,970 0.4% 569
2000 42.8% 47,957 53.3% 59,809 3.9% 4,414
1996 32.8% 34,937 52.4% 55,744 14.8% 15,764
1992 31.0% 36,803 43.0% 50,962 26.0% 30,840
1988 47.1% 50,410 52.0% 55,600 0.9% 916
1984 50.8% 57,379 46.9% 52,970 2.4% 2,672
1980 49.5% 51,034 39.7% 40,919 10.8% 11,131
1976 41.7% 39,459 55.3% 52,387 3.0% 2,865
1972 56.2% 51,102 40.3% 36,634 3.6% 3,280
1968 40.0% 34,252 49.7% 42,642 10.3% 8,833
1964 32.4% 26,683 67.6% 55,755
1960 47.5% 39,361 52.5% 43,487
1956 60.1% 40,340 39.9% 26,774
1952 56.4% 33,825 43.6% 26,194
1948 49.5% 21,616 49.0% 21,397 1.4% 625
1944 48.6% 23,866 51.4% 25,254
1940 47.6% 23,422 52.5% 25,831
1936 37.3% 15,906 57.2% 24,393 5.5% 2,357
1932 51.0% 20,897 45.8% 18,753 3.2% 1,321
1928 63.8% 24,386 35.6% 13,607 0.6% 212
1924 61.4% 17,062 14.3% 3,965 24.3% 6,747
1920 65.8% 18,125 31.4% 8,640 2.8% 764
1916 45.7% 6,868 50.9% 7,658 3.4% 516
1912 16.3% 2,226 33.7% 4,591 50.0% 6,804
1908 57.1% 8,699 35.8% 5,460 7.1% 1,076
1904 70.2% 9,001 21.0% 2,700 8.8% 1,129
1900 61.9% 8,497 36.4% 4,989 1.7% 235
1896 63.3% 7,801 35.4% 4,367 1.3% 159
1892 56.6% 5,434 38.3% 3,674 5.1% 492
1888 57.3% 5,235 36.3% 3,311 6.4% 587
1884 60.3% 5,478 35.2% 3,199 4.5% 408
1880 66.3% 5,609 32.5% 2,752 1.2% 105
1876 65.3% 5,187 34.2% 2,720 0.5% 39
1872 67.7% 4,432 32.0% 2,097 0.3% 17

Education

Higher education

Public school districts

There are 20 public school districts in Lorain County. Those primarily in Lorain County are listed in bold. Each district's high school(s) and location is also listed.

  • Amherst Exempted Village School District
  • Avon Local School District
  • Avon Lake City School District
  • Black River Local School District (also in Medina Co and Ashland Co.)
    • Black River High School, Sullivan
  • Clearview Local School District
    • Clearview High School, Lorain
  • Columbia Local School District
    • Columbia High School, Columbia Station
  • Elyria City School District
  • Firelands Local School District (also in Erie Co.)
    • Firelands High School, Henrietta Twp (Oberlin)
  • Keystone Local School District
    • Keystone High School, LaGrange
  • Lorain City School District
  • Mapleton Local School District (Primarily in Ashland Co.)
    • Mapleton High School, Ashland
  • Midview Local School District
    • Midview High School, Eaton Twp (Grafton)
  • New London Local School District (primarily in Huron Co.)
    • New London High School, New London
  • North Ridgeville City School District
  • Oberlin City School District
    • Oberlin High School, Oberlin
  • Olmsted Falls City Schools (primarily in Cuyahoga Co.)
    • Olmsted Falls High School, Olmsted Falls
  • Sheffield-Sheffield Lake City School District
    • Brookside High School, Sheffield
  • Strongsville City School District (primarily in Cuyahoga Co.)
    • Strongsville High School, Strongsville
  • Vermilion Local Schools (primarily in Erie Co.)
    • Vermilion High School, Vermilion
  • Wellington Exempted Village School District (also in Huron Co.)
    • Wellington High School, Wellington

The county also includes the Lorain County Joint Vocational School District, which encompasses the entire county and serves students from the Amherst, Avon, Avon Lake, Clearview, Columbia, Elyria, Firelands, Keystone, Midview, North Ridgeville, Oberlin, Sheffield-Sheffield Lake and Wellington school districts from a 10-acre campus on a 100-acre site near the intersection of State Route 58 and U.S. Route 20 in Oberlin. [17]

Private high schools

Communities

Map of Lorain County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places

Other communities

See also

References

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 190.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  5. ^ Sandusky Register (newspaper); Sandusky, Ohio, 1822
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  17. ^ JVS. "Lorain County JVS - About the Lorain County JVS". www.lcjvs.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.

External links


LORAIN COUNTY OHIO Latitude and Longitude:

41°28′N 82°09′W / 41.47°N 82.15°W / 41.47; -82.15