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|Regions of Arkansas|
Since 2003, two major components in Arkansas public school districts must exist:
- Each school district must have a high school, and
- Each school district must have 350 students.
The current consolidation policy that mandates operational changes for all districts with fewer than 350 students is the Public Education Reorganization Act—Act 60 of the Second Extraordinary Session of 2003. 
Geographical school districts in Arkansas are generally independent from city or county jurisdiction.
Arkansas school district boundaries are not always aligned with county or city boundaries; a district can occupy several counties and cities, while a single city (especially larger ones such as Little Rock, Fort Smith, or Jonesboro) may be split between several districts. Almost all Arkansas school districts use the title "School District", or "Public Schools".