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This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.
- 1 Parties with federal representation
- 2 Parties with state representation
- 3 Major political parties
- 4 Minor political parties
5 Regional parties
- 5.1 Alaska
- 5.2 California
- 5.3 Connecticut
- 5.4 Delaware
- 5.5 Hawaii
- 5.6 Michigan
- 5.7 Minnesota
- 5.8 Maryland
- 5.9 New York
- 5.10 Northern Mariana Islands
- 5.11 Ohio
- 5.12 Oregon
- 5.13 Puerto Rico
- 5.14 Rhode Island
- 5.15 South Carolina
- 5.16 Utah
- 5.17 U.S. Virgin Islands
- 5.18 Vermont
- 5.19 Washington
- 5.20 Wisconsin
- 5.21 Virginia
- 6 Historical parties
- 7 Non-electoral organizations
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Current United States Congressional seats
|Political Parties||House of Representatives||Senate|
Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives
|Speaker of the House||Paul Ryan (R)|
|Majority Leader||Kevin McCarthy (R)|
|Minority Leader||Nancy Pelosi (D)|
Congressional leadership of the Senate
|President of the Senate||Mike Pence (R)|
|President Pro Tempore||Orrin Hatch (R)|
|Majority Leader||Mitch McConnell (R)|
|Minority Leader||Chuck Schumer (D)|
The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. It is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.
|Political Parties||State Lower Chamber Seats||State Upper Chamber Seats||Governorships|
|Vermont Progressive Party||7||3||0|
|Green Party  ||2||0||0|
|Working Families Party||1||1||0|
|Independence Party of New York||1||0||0|
Per Merriam-Webster, a major party has "electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power."  In the United States, only the Democratic and Republican parties meet this definition.
|Political Party||Founded in||Former Titles||International Affiliations|
|Democratic Party||1828||Progressive Alliance |
|Republican Party||1854||International Democrat Union |
These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.
- Ecology Democracy Party
- Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party
- Independence Party of Minnesota
- Legal Marijuana Now Party
- Conservative Party of New York State
- Independence Party of New York
- Liberal Party of New York
- New York State Right to Life Party
- Rent Is Too Damn High Party
- Serve America Movement
- Tax Revolt Party of Nassau County*
- Women's Equality Party
- Working Families Party of New York*
- Constitution Party of Oregon
- Independent Party of Oregon
- Oregon Progressive Party
- Socialist Party of Oregon
- Working Families Party of Oregon
- Sovereign Union Movement, (Movimiento Unión Soberanista)
- New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico, also translated New Party for Progress of Puerto Rico (Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico)
- Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party, (Partido por Puerto Rico)
- Puerto Rican Independence Party, (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño)
- Working People's Party of Puerto Rico, (Partido del Pueblo Trabajador)
- The following parties are no longer functioning.
These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.
- Political parties in the United States
- List of frivolous political parties
- List of political parties by country
- List of political parties in Puerto Rico
- List of state Constitution Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Democratic Party U.S.
- List of state Green Parties in the U.S.
- List of state Libertarian Parties in the U.S.
- List of state parties of the Republican Party U.S.
- Party system
- Political party strength in U.S. states
- Politics of the United States
- Third party (United States)
- Two-party system
- Cousins, Christopher (September 22, 2017). "Lawmaker's party switch gives Greens a seat in the Maine House". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Second state representative enrolls Green Independent". Maine Green Independent Party. November 21, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "major party". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Parties & Organisations - Political Parties and Associated Partners of the Progressive Alliance". Progressive Alliance. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Members". International Democrat Union. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Note: See United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, 2016#Summary for summary chart and references
- "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 30, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Nash, Howard P., Jr.; Schnapper, M. B. (1959). Third Parties in American Politics.
- Ness, Immanuel; Ciment, James (2000). The Encyclopedia of Third Parties in America. Armonk, NY, U.S.A.: Sharpe Reference. ISBN 0-7656-8020-3.