List of invertebrates of California Article

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This list of invertebrates of California lists invertebrate species (animals without a backbone) that are found in the US State of California. This list includes animals from the land, from freshwater, and from the ocean. The sequence of phyla is alphabetical.

Species that are endemic to the State of California are indicated using an [e], introduced species with an [i], and invasive species with an [n].

Contents

Acanthocephala

Acoelomorpha

Annelida [1] [2]

Many of these species were described by Hulton Wood and Samuel James.

Species Common name
Allolobophora chlorotica [i] [1]
Aporrectodea caliginosa [i] [1]
Aporrectodea trapezoides [i] [1]
Aporrectodea tuberculata [i] [1]
Argilophilus papillifer [1]
Argilophilus 1 [1] / Argilophilus margaritae [2]
Argilophilus 2 [1]
Argilophilus 3 [1]
Dendrobaena rubida [i] [1]
Diplocardia CA1 [1] / Diplocardia Californiana [2]
Diplocardia CA2 [1] / Diplocardia Woodi [2]
Diplocardia Montana [1]
Eisenia rosea [i] [1]
Eiseniella tetraedra [i] [1]
Lumbricidae juveniles [i] [1]
Microscolex dubius [i] [1]
Ocnerodrilus 1 [1]
Ocnerodrilus 2 [1]
Ocnerodrilus 3 [1]

Arthropoda

Subphylum Crustacea

Class Branchiopoda

Order Anostraca

Family Branchinectidae, fairy shrimp
Species Common name
Branchinecta conservatio Conservancy fairy shrimp
Branchinecta longiantenna Longhorn fairy shrimp
Branchinecta sandiegoensis San Diego fairy shrimp
Branchinecta lynchi Vernal Pool fairy shrimp
Streptocephalus woottoni Riverside fairy shrimp
Pacifastacus fortis Shasta crayfish, placid crayfish

Order Notostraca

Family Triopsidae, tadpole shrimp
Species Common name
Lepidurus packardi Vernal pool tadpole shrimp

Class Malacostraca

Order Decapoda

Family Atyidae, freshwater shrimp
Species Common name
Syncaris pacifica California freshwater shrimp

Brachiopoda

Bryozoa

Chaetognatha

Chordata

Subphylum Urochordata [3]

Class Ascidiacea

Order Enterogona

Family Aplousobranchia, [3] sea squirts
Species Common name
Aplidium californicum Sea Pork
Aplidium solidum Red Ascidian, Sea Pork
Clavelina huntsmani
Cystodytes lobatus
Didemnum carnulentum
Diplosoma listerianum
Distaplia smithi
Distaplia occidentalis
Eudistoma molle
Eudistoma psammion
Euherdmania claviformis
Polyclinum planum Elephant ear tunicate
Pycnoclavella stanleyi
Ritterella pulchra
Ritterella rubra
Synoicum parfustis
Trididemnum opacum
Family Phlebobranchia, sea squirts
Species Common name
Ascidia ceratodes
Corella willmeriana Transparent tunicate, transparent sea squirt, solitary tunicate
Ciona savignyi [i] [n] Pacific transparent sea squirt or solitary sea squirt
Perophora annectens
Family Stolidobranchia
Species Common name
Botryllus schlosseri
Boltenia villosa
Cnemidocarpa finmarkiensis
Halocynthia igaboja
Metandrocarpa taylori
Pyura haustor
Styela montereyensis

Subphylum Cephalochordata

Family Stolidobranchia
Species Common name
Branchiostoma californiense [4]

Class Insecta

Order Coleoptera

Family Carabidae, ground beetles
Species Common name
Cicindela ohlone Ohlone tiger beetle
Elaphrus viridis Delta green ground beetle
Family Cerambycidae, longhorn beetles
Species Common name
Desmocerus californicus dimorphus Valley elderberry longhorn beetle
Family Scarabaeidae, scarabs
Species Common name
Polyphylla barbata Mount Hermon June beetle

Order Diptera

Family Mydidae, mydas flies
Species Common name
Rhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalis Delhi Sands flower-loving fly

Order Lepidoptera

Family Hesperiidae, skippers
Species Common name
Pyrgus ruralis lagunae Laguna Mountains skipper
Family Nymphalidae
Species Common name
Speyeria zerene behrensii Behren's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria callippe callippe Callippe silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene myrtleae Myrtle's silverspot butterfly
Speyeria zerene hippolyta Oregon silverspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha bayensis Bay checkerspot butterfly
Euphydryas editha quino Quino checkerspot
Family Lycaenidae, gossamer-winged butterflies
Species Common name
Euphilotes enoptes smithi' Smith's blue butterfly
Euphilotes battoides allyni El Segundo blue butterfly
Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis Palos Verdes blue butterfly
Icaricia icarioides missionensis Mission blue butterfly
Incisalia mossii bayensis San Bruno elfin butterfly
Family Riodinidae, metalmarks
Species Common name
Apodemia mormo langei Lange's metalmark butterfly
Family Polyommatinae, blues butterflies
Species Common name
Lycaeides argyrognomon lotis Lotis blue butterfly
Family Sphingidae, hawk moths, sphinx moths
Species Common name
Euproserpinus euterpe Kern primrose sphinx moth

Order Orthoptera

Family Acrididae
Species Common name
Trimerotropis infantilis Zayante band-winged grasshopper

Cnidaria

Ctenophora

Cycliophora

Echinodermata

Echiura

Entoprocta

Ectoprocta

Gastrotricha

Gnathostomulida

Hemichordata

Kinorhyncha

Loricifera

Micrognathozoa

Mollusca

Class Gastropoda

Order Archaeogastropoda

(Clade Vetigastropoda, superfamily Haliotoidea or superfamily Pleurotomariacea (archaeology))

Family Haliotidae
Species Common name
Haliotis sorenseni White abalone

Order Pulmonata

(Superfamily Helicoidea)

Family Helminthoglyptidae
Species Common name
Helminthoglypta walkeriana Banded Dune Snail, Morro shoulderband

Order Helicoidea

Family Monadeniidae
Species Common name
Monadenia setosa Trinity bristle snail

Mesozoa

Nematoda

Nematomorpha

Nemertea

Onychophora

Tongueworms

Phoronida

Placozoa

Platyhelminthes

Pogonophora

Porifera

Priapulida

Rotifera

Sipuncula

Tardigrada

Xenoturbellida

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Wood & James (1993)
  2. ^ a b c d James, S W (1994)
  3. ^ a b Watanabe, James M.
  4. ^ Vargas & Dean (2010)

External links

Template:Lists of invertebrates by U.S. state

References

  • Watanabe, James M. (2011). "Ascidians".
  • Gordon Ramel. "The Invertebrate Phyla".
  • James, S W (1994). "New Species Of Diplocardia And Argilophilus (Annelida, Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae) From Southern California". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington,Biological Society of Washington. 107: 12.
  • Wood, Hulton B.; Samuel W. James (April 1993). "Native and Introduced Earthworms from Selected Chaparral, Woodland, and Riparian Zones in Southern California" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  • Vargas, José A.,; Dean, Harlan K. (2010). "On Branchiostoma californiense (Cephalochordata) from the Gulf of Nicoya estuary, Costa Rica" (PDF). Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR). Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  • ,, , (March 2014). "Threatened and Endangered Invertebrates - California Department of Fish and Wildlife". http://www.dfg.ca.gov/biogeodata/cnddb/pdfs/TEAnimals.pdf. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 5 August 2014. External link in |work= ( help)