List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita Article

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Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita [1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living; [2] [3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created " modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2017) [4] World Bank (2017) [5] United Nations (2016) [6]
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Luxembourg 105,863
2    Switzerland 80,637
  Macau 77,111
3   Norway 75,389
4   Iceland 70,248
5   Ireland 68,710
6   Qatar 61,024
7   United States 59,792
8   Singapore 57,713
9   Denmark 56,630
10   Australia 55,692
11   Sweden 52,925
12   Netherlands 48,555
13   San Marino 47,595
14   Austria 47,347
  Hong Kong 46,080
15   Finland 45,927
16   Canada 45,094
17   Germany 44,769
18   Belgium 43,488
19   New Zealand 41,572
20   Israel 40,272
21   France 39,932
22   United Kingdom 39,800
23   Japan 38,448
24   United Arab Emirates 37,732
25   Italy 31,996
26   Bahamas 31,660
  Puerto Rico 31,581
27   South Korea 29,938
28   Spain 28,358
29   Brunei 28,278
30   Kuwait 27,393
31   Malta 27,326
32   Cyprus 25,380
33   Bahrain 24,325
34   Taiwan 24,292
35   Slovenia 23,654
36   Portugal 21,158
37   Saudi Arabia 21,096
38   Czech Republic 20,401
39   Estonia 19,735
40   Greece 18,637
41   Barbados 17,757
42   Slovakia 17,655
43   Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,397
44   Oman 17,128
45   Uruguay 16,941
46   Lithuania 16,730
47   Antigua and Barbuda 16,702
48   Trinidad and Tobago 16,637
49   Palau 15,980
50   Seychelles 15,859
51   Latvia 15,550
52   Panama 15,089
53   Chile 15,067
54   Equatorial Guinea 14,817
55   Argentina 14,462
56   Hungary 14,209
57   Poland 13,821
58   Croatia 13,271
59   Maldives 12,527
60   Lebanon 12,013
61   Costa Rica 11,728
62   Russia 10,955
63   Romania 10,785
World 10,728
64   Turkey 10,537
65   Mauritius 10,504
66   Grenada 10,405
67   Brazil 9,895
68   Malaysia 9,755
69   Saint Lucia 9,606
70   Mexico 9,318
71   Kazakhstan 8,762
72   China 8,643
73   Nauru 8,574
74   Bulgaria 8,077
75   Dominica 7,879
76   Montenegro 7,678
77   Botswana 7,584
78   Dominican Republic 7,477
79   Gabon 7,373
80   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,124
81   Venezuela 6,890
82   Peru 6,731
83   Turkmenistan 6,642
84   Thailand 6,590
85   Colombia 6,379
86   Ecuador 6,216
87   South Africa 6,179
88   Serbia 5,901
89   Suriname 5,869
90   Belarus 5,727
91   Paraguay 5,600
92   Namibia 5,589
93   Fiji 5,527
94   Macedonia 5,474
95   Iran 5,289
96   Jamaica 5,193
97   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,180
98   Iraq 4,950
99   Belize 4,806
100   Libya 4,739
101   Guyana 4,578
102   Albania 4,544
103   Tonga 4,520
104   Guatemala 4,469
105   Angola 4,465
106   Samoa 4,258
107   Azerbaijan 4,140
108   Jordan 4,135
109   Georgia 4,085
110   Sri Lanka 4,073
111   Algeria 4,033
112   Kosovo 3,944
113   Swaziland 3,915
114   El Salvador 3,894
115   Indonesia 3,876
116   Armenia 3,861
117   Mongolia 3,640
118   Tuvalu 3,638
119   Marshall Islands 3,625
120   Tunisia 3,496
121   Bolivia 3,353
122   Cape Verde 3,238
123   Micronesia 3,200
124   Morocco 3,151
125   Vanuatu 3,094
126   Philippines 2,976
127   Bhutan 2,903
128   Papua New Guinea 2,861
129   Honduras 2,766
130   Ukraine 2,583
131   Laos 2,542
132   Egypt 2,501
133   Vietnam 2,354
134   Moldova 2,280
135   Nicaragua 2,207
136   East Timor 2,104
137   Solomon Islands 2,081
138   Nigeria 1,994
139   Djibouti 1,989
140   India 1,983
141   Republic of the Congo 1,958
142   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,785
143   Kiribati 1,721
144   Kenya 1,702
145   Ghana 1,663
146   Côte d'Ivoire 1,617
147   Bangladesh 1,602
148   Pakistan 1,541
149   Uzbekistan 1,491
150   Zambia 1,480
151   Sudan 1,428
152   Lesotho 1,425
153   Cameroon 1,401
154   Cambodia 1,390
155   Mauritania 1,318
156   Myanmar 1,264
157   Zimbabwe 1,176
158   Kyrgyzstan 1,144
159   Senegal 1,038
160   Tanzania 1,034
161   Eritrea 980
162   Ethiopia 873
163     Nepal 834
164   Benin 830
165   Tajikistan 824
166   Mali 811
167   Chad 810
168   Guinea-Bissau 794
169   Comoros 788
170   Haiti 784
171   Rwanda 772
172   Guinea 749
173   Liberia 729
174   Uganda 699
175   Burkina Faso 664
176   Togo 611
177   Afghanistan 588
178   Yemen 551
179   Sierra Leone 491
180   Gambia, The 480
181   Democratic Republic of the Congo 478
182   Madagascar 448
183   Niger 440
184   Mozambique 429
185   Central African Republic 387
186   Malawi 324
187   Burundi 312
188   South Sudan 228
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Luxembourg 104,103
  Macau 80,893
2    Switzerland 80,190
3   Norway 75,505
4   Iceland 70,057
5   Ireland 69,331
6   Qatar 63,506
7   United States 59,532
8   Singapore 57,714
9   Denmark 56,308
10   Australia 53,800
11   Sweden 53,442
12   San Marino 49,664
13   Netherlands 48,223
14   Austria 47,291
  Hong Kong 46,194
15   Finland 45,703
16   Canada 45,032
17   Germany 44,470
18   Belgium 43,324
19   New Zealand 42,941
20   United Arab Emirates 40,699
21   Israel 40,270
22   United Kingdom 39,720
23   Andorra 39,147
24   France 38,477
25   Japan 38,428
  European Union 33,715
26   Italy 31,953
27   Bahamas, The 30,762
28   South Korea 29,743
29   Kuwait 29,040
30   Brunei 28,291
31   Spain 28,157
32   Malta 26,946
33   Cyprus 25,234
34   Bahrain 23,655
35   Slovenia 23,597
36   Portugal 21,136
37   Saudi Arabia 20,761
38   Czech Republic 20,368
39   Estonia 19,705
40   Greece 18,613
41   Slovakia 17,605
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,090
43   Barbados 16,789
44   Lithuania 16,681
45   Uruguay 16,246
46   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
47   Oman 15,668
48   Latvia 15,594
49   Seychelles 15,505
50   Chile 15,346
51   Panama 15,088
52   Antigua and Barbuda 15,022
53   Argentina 14,402
54   Hungary 14,225
55   Poland 13,812
56   Palau 13,417
57   Croatia 13,295
58   Costa Rica 11,631
59   Romania 10,814
60   Russia 10,743
World 10,714
61   Mauritius 10,547
62   Turkey 10,541
63   Maldives 10,536
64   Grenada 10,376
65   Malaysia 9,945
66   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
67   Brazil 9,821
68   Saint Lucia 9,574
69   Mexico 8,903
70   Kazakhstan 8,838
71   China 8,827
72   Lebanon 8,524
73   Nauru 8,344
74   Bulgaria 8,032
75   Libya 7,998
76   Montenegro 7,670
77   Dominica 7,610
78   Botswana 7,596
79   Turkmenistan 7,356
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,185
82   Dominican Republic 7,052
83   Thailand 6,594
84   Peru 6,572
85   Colombia 6,302
86   Ecuador 6,199
87   South Africa 6,161
88   Suriname 5,901
89   Serbia 5,900
90   Belarus 5,726
91   Fiji 5,589
92   Macedonia 5,443
93   Iran 5,415
94   Namibia 5,227
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
96   Iraq 5,166
97   Jamaica 5,110
98   Belize 4,906
99   Guyana 4,725
100   Albania 4,538
101   Guatemala 4,471
102   Paraguay 4,366
103   Samoa 4,361
104   Angola 4,170
105   Azerbaijan 4,132
106   Jordan 4,130
107   Algeria 4,123
108   Georgia 4,078
109   Sri Lanka 4,065
110   Tonga 3,944
111   Armenia 3,937
  Kosovo 3,894
112   El Salvador 3,889
113   Indonesia 3,847
114   Marshall Islands 3,753
115   Mongolia 3,735
116   Tuvalu 3,550
117   Tunisia 3,491
118   Bolivia 3,394
119   Swaziland 3,224
120   Cape Verde 3,210
121   Micronesia 3,188
122   Vanuatu 3,124
123   Bhutan 3,110
  Palestine 3,095
124   Morocco 3,007
125   Philippines 2,989
126   Sudan 2,899
127   Ukraine 2,640
128   Papua New Guinea 2,556
129   Honduras 2,480
130   Laos 2,457
131   Egypt 2,413
132   Vietnam 2,343
133   Moldova 2,290
134   East Timor 2,279
135   Nicaragua 2,222
136   Solomon Islands 2,132
137   Nigeria 1,969
138   India 1,940
139   Djibouti 1,928
140   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,913
141   Kiribati 1,685
142   Côte d'Ivoire 1,662
143   Congo, Republic of the 1,658
144   Ghana 1,642
145   Pakistan 1,548
146   Bangladesh 1,517
147   Zambia 1,510
148   Kenya 1,508
149   Uzbekistan 1,504
150   Cameroon 1,447
151   Cambodia 1,384
152   Myanmar 1,299
153   Kyrgyzstan 1,220
154   Lesotho 1,182
155   Mauritania 1,137
156   Zimbabwe 1,080
157   Senegal 1,033
158   Tanzania 936
159     Nepal 835
160   Benin 830
161   Guinea 825
162   Mali 824
163   Tajikistan 801
164   Comoros 797
165   Ethiopia 768
166   Haiti 766
167   Rwanda 748
168   Guinea-Bissau 724
169   Burkina Faso 671
170   Chad 670
171   Togo 617
172   Uganda 604
173   Afghanistan 586
174   Somalia 500
175   Sierra Leone 499
176   Gambia, The 483
177   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 458
178   Liberia 456
179   Madagascar 450
180   Central African Republic 418
181   Mozambique 416
182   Niger 378
183   Malawi 339
184   Burundi 320
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Monaco 168,004
2   Liechtenstein 164,437
3   Luxembourg 101,835
  Bermuda 99,363
4    Switzerland 79,609
  Macau 73,187
5   Norway 70,617
6   Ireland 64,497
  Cayman Islands 63,261
7   Iceland 60,966
8   Qatar 59,324
9   United States 57,808
10   Australia 54,069
11   Denmark 53,730
12   Singapore 52,814
13   Sweden 50,687
14   San Marino 47,910
15   Netherlands 45,753
16   Austria 44,857
  Hong Kong 43,943
17   Finland 43,339
18   Germany 42,456
19   Canada 42,154
20   Belgium 41,199
  Greenland 40,469
21   United Kingdom 40,249
22   New Zealand 40,233
23   Israel 38,788
24   Japan 38,640
25   United Arab Emirates 37,622
26   Andorra 36,987
27   France 36,826
  New Caledonia 34,641
  Virgin Islands, British 31,677
28   Italy 31,279
29   Bahamas, The 28,785
  Puerto Rico 28,636
30   South Korea 27,785
31   Kuwait 27,229
32   Brunei 26,939
33   Spain 26,695
  Turks and Caicos Islands 26,291
34   Malta 25,616
  Europe 25,596
Americas 25,496
  Aruba 25,444
35   Cyprus 23,631
  Anguilla 22,861
36   Bahrain 22,579
37   Slovenia 21,517
38   Saudi Arabia 19,817
39   Portugal 19,750
  Curaçao 19,586
  French Polynesia 19,335
40   Czech Republic 18,406
41   Estonia 17,782
42   Trinidad and Tobago 17,646
43   Greece 17,230
  Cook Islands 16,698
44   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,597
45   Slovakia 16,489
46   Barbados 15,975
47   Uruguay 15,221
48   Seychelles 15,217
49   Lithuania 14,707
50   Antigua and Barbuda 14,462
51   Palau 14,428
52   Oman 14,277
53   Latvia 13,993
54   Chile 13,794
55   Panama 13,680
56   Hungary 12,900
57   Argentina 12,449
58   Poland 12,332
59   Croatia 12,159
  Montserrat 12,044
60   Costa Rica 11,825
61   Turkey 10,863
World 10,133
62   Mauritius 9,679
63   Malaysia 9,508
64   Grenada 9,469
65   Romania 9,439
66   Venezuela 9,230
67   Nauru 9,119
68   Maldives 8,833
69   Equatorial Guinea 8,742
70   Russia 8,655
71   Brazil 8,649
  South America 8,504
72   Mexico 8,444
73   Lebanon 8,400
74   China 8,126
75   Dominica 7,907
76   Saint Lucia 7,848
77   Cuba 7,815
78   Kazakhstan 7,705
Central America 7,552
79   Bulgaria 7,465
80   Gabon 7,002
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
82   Montenegro 6,958
83   Botswana 6,917
84   Libya 6,826
85   Dominican Republic 6,722
86   Turkmenistan 6,389
87   Peru 6,049
88   Thailand 5,911
89   Ecuador 5,982
90   Suriname 5,871
91   Colombia 5,806
92   Serbia 5,426
93   Iran 5,299
94   Fiji 5,197
95   Macedonia, Republic of 5,163
96   South Africa 5,105
97   Belarus 5,001
98   Jamaica 4,879
99   Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,808
100   Belize 4,745
101   Guyana 4,444
102   Namibia 4,415
103   Iraq 4,301
104   El Salvador 4,224
105   Samoa 4,214
106   Guatemala 4,147
107   Jordan 4,088
108   Albania 4,054
109   Paraguay 4,039
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 3,987
110   Algeria 3,917
111   Sri Lanka 3,910
112   Azerbaijan 3,892
  Kosovo 3,811
113   Tonga 3,748
114   Angola 3,711
115   Mongolia 3,686
116   Tunisia 3,657
117   Georgia 3,651
118   Armenia 3,615
119   Indonesia 3,570
120   Marshall Islands 3,449
121   Federated States of Micronesia 3,144
122   Bolivia 3,105
123   Vanuatu 3,097
124   Tuvalu 3,085
125   Cape Verde 3,038
126   Swaziland 2,983
127   Philippines 2,951
128   Morocco 2,937
129   Egypt 2,823
  Palestine 2,796
130   Bhutan 2,774
131   Papua New Guinea 2,436
132   Honduras 2,361
133   Laos 2,339
134   Nigeria 2,176
135   Vietnam 2,171
136   Nicaragua 2,151
137   East Timor 2,126
138   Uzbekistan 2,116
139   Ukraine 2,099
140   Sudan 2,094
141   Djibouti 2,007
Africa 1,752
142   Solomon Islands 1,892
143   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,715
144   India 1,706
145   Moldova 1,668
146   Côte d'Ivoire 1,552
147   Kiribati 1,518
148   Congo, Republic of the 1,517
149   Ghana 1,517
150   Comoros 1,492
151   Pakistan 1,462
152   Kenya 1,455
153   Cameroon 1,374
154   Bangladesh 1,355
155   Cambodia 1,270
156   Zambia 1,270
157   Myanmar 1,242
158   Syria 1,203
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,100
160   Eritrea 1,093
161   Mauritania 1,085
162   Lesotho 1,017
163   Zimbabwe 998
164   Senegal 948
165   Yemen 920
166   Tanzania 881
167   Benin 818
168   Tajikistan 796
169   Chad 780
170   Mali 778
171     Nepal 722
172   Rwanda 711
173   Haiti 705
174   Ethiopia 687
175   Guinea 683
176   North Korea 665
177   Burkina Faso 627
178   Guinea-Bissau 620
179   Uganda 610
180   Liberia 598
181   Togo 585
182   Afghanistan 584
183   South Sudan 534
184   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 512
185   Sierra Leone 497
186   Gambia, The 484
187   Madagascar 451
188   Central African Republic 394
189   Mozambique 379
190   Niger 364
191   Malawi 294
192   Burundi 273
193   Somalia 92

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018 [7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 10 October 2018.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017. [1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2016, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 2 Jan 2018.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.

External links