Following is a list of current and former courthouses of the United States federal court system located in Massachusetts. Each entry indicates the name of the building along with an image, if available, its location and the jurisdiction it covers,  the dates during which it was used for each such jurisdiction, and, if applicable the person for whom it was named, and the date of renaming. Dates of use will not necessarily correspond with the dates of construction or demolition of a building, as pre-existing structures may be adapted or court use, and former court buildings may later be put to other uses. Also, the official name of the building may be changed at some point after its use as a federal court building has been initiated.
|Courthouse||City||Image||Street address||Jurisdiction ||Dates of use||Named for|
|U.S. Post Office and Subtreasury||Boston||5 Post Office Square||D. Mass.||1883–1929
Razed in 1929
|John W. McCormack U.S. Post Office and Courthouse†||Boston||5 Post Office Square||D. Mass.||1933–present||John William McCormack|
|John Joseph Moakley U.S. Courthouse||Boston||1 Courthouse Way||
|1999–present||U.S. Rep. Joe Moakley|
|U.S. Post Office and Court House||Springfield||436 Dwight Street||D. Mass.||1932–1983
Now in use by the state government.
|1550 Main||Springfield||1550 Main Street||D. Mass.||1981–2008||n/a|
|U.S. Court House||Springfield||300 State Street||D. Mass.||2008–present||n/a|
|U.S. States Post Office||Worcester||?||D. Mass.||1926–1930
Razed ca. 1930
|Harold D. Donohue Federal Building and United States Courthouse†||Worcester||595 Main Street||D. Mass.||1932–present||U.S. Rep. Harold Donohue (1987)|
|†||Listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)|
|††||NRHP-listed and also designated as a National Historic Landmark|
- For the usage of court abbreviations, see List of United States district and territorial courts.