List of United States Senators from Delaware Article

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Current delegation
since November 15, 2010

Below is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Delaware. U.S. Senators were originally elected by the Delaware General Assembly for designated six-year terms beginning March 4. Frequently portions of the term would remain only upon a Senator's death or resignation. From 1914 and the enforcement of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted in 1913, Senators were popularly elected on the first Tuesday after November 1, and starting 1935 the beginning of their term is January 3.

List of Senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one Congress in the first elections of 1788, and the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first two United States Congresses in the first elections of 1788, and the seat was next contested again for the 3rd, 6th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years has been contested in 2002, 2008, and 2014, with a special election in 2010. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 GeorgeRead.gif
George Read
Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
September 18, 1793
Elected in 1788. 1 1st 1 Elected in 1788. March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Anti-
Administration
Richard bassett.jpg
Richard Bassett
1
Re-elected October 23, 1790.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware.
2 2nd Pro-
Administration
3rd 2 Elected in 1793.

Resigned.
March 4, 1793 –
January 19, 1798
Pro-Administration ViningJohnM 0001.jpg
John M. Vining
2
Vacant September 18, 1793 –
February 7, 1795
 
2 Henry Latimer US.gif
Henry Latimer
Pro-
Administration
February 7, 1795 –
February 28, 1801
Elected in 1795 to finish Read's term.
Federalist 4th
Re-elected January 6, 1797.

Resigned.
3 5th
Elected in 1798 to finish Vining's term.

Died.
January 19, 1798 –
August 11, 1798
Federalist JoshuaClayton.gif
Joshua Clayton
3
  August 11, 1798 –
January 17, 1799
Vacant
Elected in 1799 to finish Clayton's term. January 17, 1799 –
November 6, 1804
Federalist William H. Wells.jpg
William H. Wells
4
6th 3 Re-elected in 1799.

Resigned.
3 Samuel White US.jpg
Samuel White
Federalist February 28, 1801 –
November 4, 1809
Appointed to finish Latimer's term.
7th
Re-elected January 11, 1803. [1] 4 8th
  November 6, 1804 –
November 13, 1804
Vacant
Elected in 1804 to finish Wells's term. November 13, 1804 –
March 3, 1813
Federalist BayardJames ASr.jpg
James A. Bayard
5
9th 4 Re-elected in 1805.
10th
Re-elected January 11, 1809. [2]



Died.

5 11th
Vacant November 4, 1809 –
January 12, 1810
 
4 Outerbridge Horsey Federalist January 12, 1810 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1810 to finish White's term.
12th 5 Re-elected in 1811.

Resigned.
13th   March 3, 1813 –
May 21, 1813
Vacant
Elected in 1813 to finish Bayard's term.

Retired.
May 21, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Federalist William H. Wells.jpg
William H. Wells
6
Re-elected January 13, 1815. [3]

Retired.
6 14th
15th 6 Elected in 1817.

Legislature failed to elect.
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Federalist Vandykenjr.jpg
Nicholas Van Dyke
7
16th
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
January 23, 1822
  7 17th
5 Rodneycaesara3.jpg
Caesar A. Rodney
Democratic-
Republican
January 24, 1822 –
January 29, 1823
Elected late to finish vacant term.

Resigned to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces of the River Plate.
Vacant January 29, 1823 –
January 8, 1824
 
18th 7   March 4, 1823 –
January 7, 1824
Vacant
Re-elected late.

Died.
January 7, 1824 –
May 21, 1826
Adams-Clay Federalist Vandykenjr.jpg
Nicholas Van Dyke
6 Thomas Clayton US.jpg
Thomas Clayton
Adams-Clay Federalist January 8, 1824 –
March 3, 1827
Elected in 1824 to finish Rodney's term.
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th Anti-
Jacksonian
  May 21, 1826 –
November 8, 1826
Vacant
Appointed to continue Van Dyke's term.

Retired.
November 8, 1826 –
January 12, 1827
Anti-
Jacksonian
Daniel Rodney.jpg
Daniel Rodney
8
Elected in 1827 to finish Van Dyke's term.

Retired.
January 12, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Jacksonian Ridgelyhm.jpg
Henry M. Ridgely
9
7 LMcLane.jpg
Louis McLane
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
April 16, 1829
Elected in 1827.

Resigned to become U.S. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to England.
8 20th
21st 8 Elected in 1829. March 4, 1829 –
December 29, 1836
Anti-Jacksonian JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
10
Vacant April 16, 1829 –
January 7, 1830
 
8 Arnold Naudain.jpg
Arnold S. Naudain
Anti-Jacksonian January 7, 1830 –
June 16, 1836
Elected in 1830 to finish McLane's term.
22nd
Re-elected in 1832.

Resigned.
9 23rd
24th 9 Re-elected in 1835.

Resigned.
9 Richard H Bayard US.jpg
Richard H. Bayard
Anti-Jacksonian June 17, 1836 –
September 19, 1839
Elected in 1836 to finish Naudain's term.
  December 29, 1836 –
January 9, 1837
Vacant
Elected in 1837 to finish his cousin's term. January 9, 1837 –
March 3, 1847
Anti-Jacksonian Thomas Clayton US.jpg
Thomas Clayton
11
Whig 25th Whig
Re-elected during the 1838/39 cycle.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of Delaware.
10 26th
Vacant September 19, 1839 –
January 11, 1841
 
Richard H Bayard US.jpg
Richard H. Bayard
Whig January 12, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
Elected in 1841 to finish his own term.

Retired.
27th 10 Re-elected in 1841.

[Data unknown/missing.].
28th
10 JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
Whig March 4, 1845 –
February 23, 1849
Elected in 1845.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
11 29th
30th 11 Elected in 1846 or 1847.

Retired.
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
Whig SpruancePresley.jpg
Presley Spruance
12
11 Senator John Wales.jpg
John Wales
Whig February 23, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1849 to finish Clayton's term.

Lost re-election.
31st
12 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
James A. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 29, 1864
Elected in 1851. 12 32nd
33rd 12 Elected in 1853.

Died.
March 4, 1853 –
November 9, 1856
Whig JMiddletonClayton-SecofState.jpg
John M. Clayton
13
34th
  November 9, 1856 –
November 19, 1856
Vacant
Appointed to continue Clayton's term.

Declined nomination to finish Clayton's term.
November 19, 1856 –
January 14, 1857
Whig ComegysJosephP.jpg
Joseph P. Comegys
14
Elected in 1857 to finish Clayton's term.

Lost re-election.
January 14, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Democratic BatesMartinW.jpg
Martin W. Bates
15
Re-elected in 1857. 13 35th
36th 13 Elected in 1858. March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1871
Democratic Willard Saulsbury, Sr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Willard Saulsbury, Sr.
16
37th
Re-elected in 1863.

Resigned.
14 38th
13 George R. Riddle - Brady-Handy.jpg
George R. Riddle
Democratic January 29, 1864 –
March 29, 1867
Elected in 1864 to finish Bayard's term.

Died.
39th 14 Re-elected in 1864.

Lost re-election.
40th
Vacant March 29, 1867 –
April 5, 1867
 
14 James A. Bayard, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
James A. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic April 5, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Appointed to continue Riddle's term.

Elected January 19, 1869 to finish Riddle's term. [4]

Retired.
15 Thomas F. Bayard, Brady-Handy photo portrait, circa 1870-1880.jpg
Thomas F. Bayard
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 6, 1885
Elected in 1869. 15 41st
42nd 15 Elected in 1870. March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1889
Democratic Eli M. Saulsbury - Brady-Handy.jpg
Eli M. Saulsbury
17
43rd
Re-elected in 1875. 16 44th
45th 16 Re-elected in 1876.
46th
Re-elected in 1881.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
17 47th
48th 17 Re-elected in 1883.

Lost re-election.
49th
Vacant March 6, 1885 –
March 18, 1885
 
16 George Gray;G000396.jpg
George Gray
Democratic March 18, 1885 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1885 to finish Bayard's term.
Re-elected in 1887. 18 50th
51st 18 Election year unknown.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
Republican HigginsAnthony.jpg
Anthony C. Higgins
18
52nd
Re-elected in 1893.

Lost re-election.
19 53rd
54th 19 Legislature failed to elect in 1895 March 4, 1895 –
January 19, 1897
Vacant
Elected in 1897 to finish vacant term.

Lost re-election.
January 19, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic KenneyRichardR.jpg
Richard R. Kenney
19
55th
Vacant March 4, 1899 –
March 1, 1903
Legislature failed to elect 20 56th
57th 20 Legislature failed to elect in 1901 March 4, 1901 –
March 2, 1903
Vacant
17 BallHeisler.jpg
L. Heisler Ball
Republican March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Elected in 1903 to finish vacant term. Elected in 1903 to finish vacant term.

Retired.
March 2, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
Republican James Allee.jpg
J. Frank Allee
20
58th
Vacant March 4, 1905 –
June 12, 1906
Legislature failed to elect. 21 59th
18 Henry A Dupont.jpg
Henry A. du Pont
Republican June 13, 1906 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1906 to finish vacant term.
60th 21 Elected January 16, 1907. [5]

Retired.
March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Republican RichardsonHarryA.jpg
Harry A. Richardson
21
61st
Re-elected January 25, 1911.

Lost re-election.
22 62nd
63rd 22 Elected January 29, 1913.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Democratic SaulsburyWillardJr2.gif
Willard Saulsbury, Jr.
22
64th
19 Josiah Oliver Wolcott.jpg
Josiah O. Wolcott
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
July 2, 1921
Elected in 1916.
Resigned to become Chancellor of Delaware.
23 65th
66th 23 Elected in 1918.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1925
Republican BallHeisler.jpg
L. Heisler Ball
23
67th
20 Thomas Coleman du Pont 1902.jpg
T. Coleman du Pont
Republican July 7, 1921 –
November 6, 1922
Appointed to finish Wolcott's term.

Lost election to finish Wolcott's term.
21 Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.jpg
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr.
Democratic November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1929
Elected in 1922 to finish Wolcott's term.
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
24 68th
69th 24 Elected in 1924.

Resigned.
March 4, 1925 –
December 8, 1928
Republican Thomas Coleman du Pont 1902.jpg
T. Coleman du Pont
24
70th
  December 8, 1928 –
December 10, 1928
Vacant
Appointed to finish du Pont's term. December 10, 1928 –
January 3, 1937
Republican HastingsDanielO.jpg
Daniel O. Hastings
25
22 John G. Townsend, Jr.jpg
John G. Townsend, Jr.
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1941
Elected in 1928. 25 71st
72nd 25 Elected in 1930.

Lost re-election.
73rd
Re-elected in 1934.

Lost re-election.
26 74th
75th 26 Elected in 1936.

Lost renomination.
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
Democratic HughesJamesH.jpg
James H. Hughes
26
76th
23 Jamestunnell.jpg
James M. Tunnell
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1947
Elected in 1940.

Lost re-election.
27 77th
78th 27 Elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Republican C. Douglass Buck.jpg
C. Douglass Buck
27
79th
24 JohnJWilliams.jpg
John J. Williams
Republican January 3, 1947 –
December 31, 1970
Elected in 1946. 28 80th
81st 28 Elected in 1948. January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1961
Democratic JAllenFrear.jpg
J. Allen Frear, Jr.
28
82nd
Re-elected in 1952. 29 83rd
84th 29 Re-elected in 1954.

Lost re-election.
85th
Re-elected in 1958. 30 86th
87th 30 Elected in 1960. January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1973
Republican BoggsCaleb.jpg
J. Caleb Boggs
29
88th
Re-elected in 1964.

Resigned to give his successor preferential seniority.
31 89th
90th 31 Re-elected in 1966.

Lost re-election.
91st
25 Sen. William V. Roth (R-DE).jpg
William V. Roth, Jr.
Republican January 1, 1971 –
January 3, 2001
Appointed to finish Williams's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1970. 32 92nd
93rd 32 Elected in 1972. January 3, 1973 –
January 15, 2009
Democratic Joe Biden, official photo.jpg
Joe Biden
30
94th
Re-elected in 1976. 33 95th
96th 33 Re-elected in 1978.
97th
Re-elected in 1982. 34 98th
99th 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100th
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st
102nd 35 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd
Re-elected in 1994.

Lost re-election.
36 104th
105th 36 Re-elected in 1996.
106th
26 Thomas Carper.jpg
Tom Carper
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
Present
Elected in 2000. 37 107th
108th 37 Re-elected in 2002.
109th
Re-elected in 2006. 38 110th
111th 38 Re-elected in 2008.

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
Appointed to continue Biden's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
January 15, 2009 [6]
November 15, 2010
Democratic Ted Kaufman, official Senate photo portrait, 2009.jpg
Ted Kaufman
31
Elected in 2010 to finish Biden's term. November 15, 2010 –
Present
Democratic Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Chris Coons
32
112th
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th
114th 39 Re-elected in 2014.
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 40 116th
117th 40 To be determined in the 2020 election.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 41 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former senators

As of January 2018, there are two living former senators. The most recent Senator to die was William V. Roth Jr. (serving 1971–2001) on December 13, 2003.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Joe Biden 1973–2009 (1942-11-20) November 20, 1942 (age 76)
Ted Kaufman 2009–2010 (1939-03-15) March 15, 1939 (age 79)

References

  1. ^ "Delaware 1803 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 30, 2018., citing Journal of the Delaware State Senate, 1803. 13-14.
  2. ^ "Delaware 1809 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 18, 2018., citing United States' Gazette (Philadelphia, PA). January 14, 1809.
  3. ^ "Delaware 1815 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 25, 2018., citing Journal of the Delaware House of Representatives, 1815. 37.
  4. ^ Byrd & Wolff, page 90.
  5. ^ The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1908. New York: The Tribune Association. 1908. p. 258.
  6. ^ "Senators of the United States 1789-present, A chronological list of senators since the First Congress in 1789" (PDF). Senate Historical Office. April 17, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2017.

See also