List of United States Senators from Connecticut Article

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Current delegation

This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Connecticut.

United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six-year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Connecticut General Assembly, and before 1935, their terms began March 4.

List of Senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one U.S. Congress in the first elections of 1788, and then the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

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Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first three United States Congresses in the first elections of 1788, and then the seat was contested again for the 4th, 7th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010 and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 OliverEllsworth.jpg
Oliver Ellsworth
Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 8, 1796
Elected in 1788. 1 1st 1 Elected in 1788.

Resigned.
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Pro-
Administration
William s johnson.jpg
William Samuel Johnson
1
Re-elected in 1791.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of the United States.
2 2nd   March 4, 1791 –
June 13, 1791
Vacant
Elected to finish Johnson's term.

Died.
June 13, 1791 –
July 23, 1793
Pro-
Administration
Ralph Earl 001.jpg
Roger Sherman
2
3rd
  July 23, 1793 –
December 2, 1793
Vacant
Elected to finish Sherman's term.

Retired.
December 2, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Pro-
Administration
StephenMitchell.jpg
Stephen Mix Mitchell
3
4th 2 Election date unknown.

Resigned to become Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut.
March 4, 1795 –
June 10, 1796
Federalist JonathanTrumbull.jpg
Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
4
Vacant March 8, 1796 –
May 12, 1796
 
  June 10, 1796 –
October 13, 1796
Vacant
Elected to finish Trumbull's term. October 13, 1796 –
July 19, 1807
Federalist UriahTracy.jpg
Uriah Tracy
5
2 JamesHillhouse.jpg
James Hillhouse
Federalist May 12, 1796 –
June 10, 1810
Elected to finish Ellsworth's term.
Re-elected in 1797. 3 5th
6th
7th 3 Re-elected in 1801.
Re-elected October 27, 1802. [1] 4 8th
9th
10th 4 Re-elected in 1807.

Died.
  July 19, 1807 –
October 25, 1807
Vacant
Elected to finish Tracy's term. October 25, 1807 –
May 13, 1813
Federalist Chauncey Goodrich.jpg
Chauncey Goodrich
6
Re-elected in 1809.

Resigned.
5 11th
Vacant June 10, 1810 –
December 4, 1810
 
3 SamuelDana.jpg
Samuel W. Dana
Federalist December 4, 1810 –
March 3, 1821
Elected to finish Hillhouse's term.
12th
13th 5 Re-elected in 1813.

Resigned to become Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut.
Elected to finish Goodrich's term.

Retired.
May 13, 1813 –
March 3, 1819
Federalist Daggett.jpg
David Daggett
7
Re-elected in 1814. 6 14th
15th
16th 6 Elected October 22, 1818.

Re-elected in 1824 and presented his credentials but was not permitted to qualify.
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1825
Democratic-
Republican
U. S. Senator James Lanman.jpg
James Lanman
8
4 Ralph Earl - Elijah Boardman - WGA7452.jpg
Elijah Boardman
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1821 –
August 18, 1823
Elected in 1820.

Died.
7 17th
Jackson
Democratic-
Republican
18th Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
Vacant August 18, 1823 –
October 8, 1823
 
5 HenryEdwards.jpg
Henry W. Edwards
Jackson
Democratic-
Republican
October 8, 1823 –
March 3, 1827
Appointed to continue Boardman's term.

Elected May 5, 1824 to finish Boardman's term.
Jacksonian 19th 7   March 4, 1825 –
May 4, 1825
Vacant
Elected late to complete Lanman's term.

[Data unknown/missing.]
May 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
Anti-
Jacksonian
CalvinWilley.jpg
Calvin Willey
9
6 Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg
Samuel A. Foot
Adams March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1826.

Lost re-election.
8 20th Adams
Anti-Jacksonian 21st Anti-
Jacksonian
22nd 8 Elected in 1831.

[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1837
Anti-
Jacksonian
Gideon Tomlinson (Conn. Rep., Gov., US Sen.).jpg
Gideon Tomlinson
10
7 Senator Nathan Smith.jpg
Nathan Smith
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
December 6, 1835
Elected in 1832.

Died.
9 23rd
24th
Vacant December 6, 1835 –
December 21, 1835
 
8 JohnMiltonNiles.jpg
John Milton Niles
Jacksonian December 21, 1835 –
March 3, 1839
Elected to finish Smith's term.

Retired.
Democratic 25th 9 Elected in 1837.

[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Democratic Perry Smith 11
9 Thaddeus Betts Whig March 4, 1839 –
April 7, 1840
Elected in 1838 or 1839.

Died.
10 26th
Vacant April 7, 1840 –
May 4, 1840
 
10 Jabez Williams Huntington.jpg
Jabez W. Huntington
Whig May 4, 1840 –
November 1, 1847
Elected to finish Betts's term.
27th
28th 10 Elected in 1842.

Retired.
March 4, 1843 [2]
March 3, 1849
Democratic JohnMiltonNiles.jpg
John Milton Niles
12
Re-elected in 1844 or 1845.

Died.
11 29th
30th
Vacant November 1, 1847 –
November 11, 1847
 
11 GovRogerBaldwin.jpg
Roger Sherman Baldwin
Whig November 11, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
Appointed to continue Huntington's term.

Elected in May 1848 to finish Huntington's term.

[Data unknown/missing.]
31st 11 Elected in 1848 or 1849.

Resigned.
March 4, 1849 –
May 24, 1854
Whig Truman Smith.jpg
Truman Smith
13
Vacant March 4, 1851 –
May 12, 1852
  12 32nd
12 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy.jpg
Isaac Toucey
Democratic May 12, 1852 –
March 3, 1857
Elected late in 1852.

Retired.
33rd
Elected to finish Smith's term.

Retired.
May 24, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
Free Soil FGillette.jpg
Francis Gillette
14
34th 12 Elected in 1854. March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1867
Republican Lafayette S. Foster - Brady-Handy.jpg
Lafayette S. Foster
15
13 James Dixon - Brady-Handy.jpg
James Dixon
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1869
Elected in 1856. 13 35th
36th
37th 13 Re-elected in 1860.

Lost re-election.
Re-elected in 1863.

Lost re-election.
14 38th
39th
40th 14 Elected in 1866. March 4, 1867 –
November 21, 1875
Republican Orris S. Ferry - Brady-Handy.jpg
Orris S. Ferry
16
14 William Alfred Buckingham - Brady-Handy.jpg
William Alfred Buckingham
Republican March 4, 1869 –
February 5, 1875
Elected in 1868 or 1869.

Unknown if retired or lost re-election, but died just before end of term.
15 41st
42nd
43rd 15 Re-elected in 1872.

Died.
Liberal Republican
15 William W. Eaton - Brady-Handy.jpg
William W. Eaton
Democratic February 5, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Appointed to finish Buckingham's term, having been elected to the next term.
Election date unknown.

Unknown if retired or lost re-election.
16 44th Republican
  November 21, 1875 –
November 27, 1875
Vacant
Appointed to continue Ferry's term.

Retired when successor elected.
November 27, 1875 –
May 17, 1876
Democratic JEEnglish.jpg
James E. English
17
Elected to finish Ferry's term.

[Data unknown/missing.]
May 17, 1876 –
March 3, 1879
Democratic William Henry Barnum - Brady-Handy.jpg
William Henry Barnum
18
45th
46th 16 Elected in 1879. March 4, 1879 –
April 21, 1905
Republican Orville Hitchcock Platt.jpg
Orville H. Platt
19
16 Joseph Roswell Hawley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Joseph Roswell Hawley
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1905
Elected in 1881. 17 47th
48th
49th 17 Re-elected in 1885.
Re-elected in 1887. 18 50th
51st
52nd 18 Re-elected in 1891.
Re-elected in 1893. 19 53rd
54th
55th 19 Re-elected in 1897.
Re-elected in 1899.

Retired.
20 56th
57th
58th 20 Re-elected in 1903.

Died.
  April 21, 1905 –
May 10, 1905
Vacant
Elected to finish Platt's term. May 10, 1905 –
October 14, 1924
Republican Frank Bosworth Brandegee.jpg
Frank B. Brandegee
20
17 Bulkeley Morgan 2.jpg
Morgan G. Bulkeley
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
Elected January 17, 1905. [3]

Lost re-election.
21 59th
60th
61st 21 Re-elected January 19, 1909.
18 George P. McLean.jpg
George P. McLean
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1929
Elected January 17, 1911. 22 62nd
63rd
64th 22 Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916. 23 65th
66th
67th 23 Re-elected in 1920.

Died.
Re-elected in 1922.

Retired.
24 68th
  October 14, 1924 –
January 8, 1925
Vacant
Elected to finish Brandegee's term. January 8,1925 [4]
March 3, 1933
Republican HirambinghamIII.jpg
Hiram Bingham III
21
69th
70th 24 Re-elected in 1926.

Lost re-election.
19 Frederic Collin Walcott.jpg
Frederic C. Walcott
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
25 71st
72nd
73rd 25 Elected in 1932.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic AugustineLonergan.jpg
Augustine Lonergan
22
20 FrancisMaloney.jpg
Francis T. Maloney
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 16, 1945
Elected in 1934. 26 74th
75th
76th 26 Elected in 1938.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
Republican John A. Danaher.jpg
John A. Danaher
23
Re-elected in 1940.

Died.
27 77th
78th
79th 27 Elected in 1944. January 3, 1945 –
July 28, 1952
Democratic SenBMcMahon.jpg
Brien McMahon
24
Vacant January 16, 1945 –
February 15, 1945
 
21 Thomas Charles Hart.jpg
Thomas C. Hart
Republican February 15, 1945 –
November 5, 1946
Appointed to continue Maloney's term.

Successor qualified.
Vacant November 5, 1946 –
December 27, 1946
 
22 Raymond Earl Baldwin.jpg
Raymond E. Baldwin
Republican December 27, 1946 –
December 16, 1949
Elected to finish Maloney's term.
Elected to full term in 1946.

Resigned.
28 80th
81st
23 William Benton Democratic December 17, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Appointed to continue Baldwin's term.

Elected to finish Baldwin's term.

Lost re-election.
82nd 28 Re-elected in 1950.

Died.
  July 28, 1952 –
August 29, 1952
Vacant
Appointed to continue McMahon's term.

Retired when successor elected, and elected to the Class 1 seat.
August 29, 1952 –
November 4, 1952
Republican William Arthur Purtell.jpg
William A. Purtell
25
Elected to finish McMahon's term. November 4, 1952 –
January 3, 1963
Republican PrescottBush.jpg
Prescott Bush
26
24 William Arthur Purtell.jpg
William A. Purtell
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1952.

Lost re-election.
29 83rd
84th
85th 29 Re-elected in 1956.

Retired.
25 Thomasjdodd.jpg
Thomas J. Dodd
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1971
Elected in 1958. 30 86th
87th
88th 30 Elected in 1962. January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1981
Democratic Abraham ribicoff.jpg
Abraham Ribicoff
27
Re-elected in 1964.

Lost renomination, and lost re-election as an independent.
31 89th
90th
91st 31 Re-elected in 1968.
26 Lweicker.jpg
Lowell Weicker
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1989
Elected in 1970. 32 92nd
93rd
94th 32 Re-elected in 1974.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1976. 33 95th
96th
97th 33 Elected in 1980. January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 2011
Democratic Christopher Dodd official portrait 2.jpg
Chris Dodd
28
Re-elected in 1982.

Lost re-election.
34 98th
99th
100th 34 Re-elected in 1986.
27 Joe Lieberman official portrait 2 crop.jpg
Joseph Lieberman
Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 1988. 35 101st
102nd
103rd 35 Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994. 36 104th
105th
106th 36 Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000. 37 107th
108th
109th 37 Re-elected in 2004.

Retired.
Independent Democratic Lost re-nomination as a Democrat, but re-elected in 2006 as an Independent Democrat.

Retired.
38 110th
111th
112th 38 Elected in 2010. January 3, 2011 –
Present
Democratic Richard Blumenthal Official Portrait.jpg
Richard Blumenthal
29
28 Chris Murphy, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Chris Murphy
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012. 39 113th
114th
115th 39 Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018. 40 116th
117th
118th 40 To be determined in the 2022 election.
To be determined in the 2024 election. 41 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former senators

As of October 2016, there are three living former senators. The most recent senator to die was Abraham A. Ribicoff on February 22, 1998, who is also the most recently serving senator to die.

Senator Class Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Lowell P. Weicker 1 January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1989 (1931-05-16) May 16, 1931 (age 87)
Chris Dodd 3 January 3, 1981 – January 3, 2011 (1944-05-27) May 27, 1944 (age 74)
Joe Lieberman 1 January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2013 (1942-02-24) February 24, 1942 (age 76)

References

  1. ^ "Connecticut 1802 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 30, 2018., citing American Mercury (Hartford, CT). November 4, 1802.
  2. ^ Due to ill-health and a credentials challenge, John Milton Niles was unable to serve until May 16, 1844
  3. ^ "BULKELEY IN CONNECTICUT". The New York Times. January 18, 1905. p. 2.
  4. ^ "A chronological list of senators since the First Congress in 1789" (PDF). United States Senate.

See also