List of states and territories of the United States by population Article

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Population by state, including Puerto Rico (2015)
  580k–2.8M
  2.8M–5.28M
  5.28M–8.26M
  8.26M–11.6M
  11.6M–19.6M
  19.6M–26.5M
  26.5M–38.4M
  38.4M+

The states and territories included in the United States Census Bureau's statistics include the 50 states, the District of Columbia and five permanently inhabited unincorporated island territories, including Puerto Rico. [1]

As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the 9 most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined, and Wyoming, the least populous state, has a population less than that of the 31 most populous U.S. cities.

Methodology

Map of population change in U.S. states from April 5, 2010 to July 1, 2017

The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors. [2] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state. [3]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the fifty states together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, AS, GU, MP, PR, or VI). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District of Columbia would only be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one U.S. Representative and two U.S. Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia). [4]

State rankings

Rank in the fifty states, 2018 Rank in states & territories Name Population estimate, July 1, 2018
[5]
Census population, April 1, 2010
[6]
Percent increase from 2010-2018
[note 1]
Total seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, 2013–2023 Estimated population per electoral vote, 2018
[note 2]
Estimated population per House seat, 2018 Census population per House seat, 2010 Percent of the total U.S. population, 2018
[note 3]
1 1   California 39,557,045 37,254,523 6.2% 53 719,219 746,359 702,885 11.96%
2 2   Texas 28,701,845 25,145,561 14.1% 36 755,312 797,273 698,503 8.68%
3 3   Florida 21,299,325 18,801,310 13.3% 27 734,459 788,864 696,468 6.44%
4 4   New York 19,542,209 19,378,102 0.8% 27 673,869 723,786 717,707 5.91%
5 5   Pennsylvania 12,807,060 12,702,379 0.8% 18 640,353 711,503 705,715 3.87%
6 6   Illinois 12,741,080 12,830,632 -0.7% 18 637,054 707,838 712,864 3.85%
7 7   Ohio 11,689,442 11,536,504 1.3% 16 649,413 730,590 721,032 3.53%
8 8   Georgia 10,519,475 9,687,653 8.6% 14 657,467 751,391 691,975 3.18%
9 9   North Carolina 10,383,620 9,535,483 8.9% 13 692,241 798,740 733,498 3.14%
10 10   Michigan 9,995,915 9,883,640 1.1% 14 624,735 713,994 705,974 3.02%
11 11   New Jersey 8,908,520 8,791,894 1.3% 12 636,323 742,377 732,658 2.69%
12 12   Virginia 8,517,685 8,001,024 6.5% 11 655,207 774,335 727,366 2.58%
13 13   Washington 7,535,591 6,724,540 12.1% 10 627,966 753,559 672,454 2.28%
14 16   Arizona 7,171,646 6,392,017 12.2% 9 651,968 796,850 710,224 2.17%
15 14   Massachusetts 6,902,149 6,547,629 5.4% 9 627,468 766,905 727,514 2.09%
16 17   Tennessee 6,770,010 6,346,105 6.7% 9 615,455 752,223 705,123 2.05%
17 15   Indiana 6,691,878 6,483,802 3.2% 9 608,353 743,542 720,422 2.02%
18 18   Missouri 6,126,452 5,988,927 2.3% 8 612,645 765,807 748,615 1.85%
19 19   Maryland 6,042,718 5,773,552 4.7% 8 604,272 755,340 721,694 1.83%
20 20   Wisconsin 5,813,568 5,686,986 2.2% 8 581,357 726,696 710,873 1.76%
21 22   Colorado 5,695,564 5,029,196 13.2% 7 632,840 813,652 720,704 1.72%
22 21   Minnesota 5,611,179 5,303,925 5.8% 8 561,118 701,397 662,991 1.70%
23 24   South Carolina 5,084,127 4,625,364 9.9% 7 564,903 726,304 660,766 1.54%
24 23   Alabama 4,887,871 4,779,736 2.3% 7 543,097 698,267 682,819 1.48%
25 25   Louisiana 4,659,978 4,533,372 2.8% 6 582,497 776,663 755,562 1.41%
26 26   Kentucky 4,468,402 4,339,367 3.0% 6 558,550 744,734 723,228 1.35%
27 27   Oregon 4,190,713 3,831,074 9.4% 5 598,673 838,143 766,215 1.27%
28 28   Oklahoma 3,943,079 3,751,351 5.1% 5 563,297 788,616 750,270 1.19%
29 30   Connecticut 3,572,665 3,574,097 -0.04% 5 510,381 714,533 714,824 1.08%
29   Puerto Rico 3,195,153 3,725,789 -16.6% 1 ( non-voting) 3,195,153 3,725,789 0.97%
30 35   Utah 3,161,105 2,763,885 14.4% 4 526,851 790,276 690,972 0.96%
31 31   Iowa 3,156,145 3,046,355 3.6% 4 526,024 789,036 761,717 0.95%
32 36   Nevada 3,034,392 2,700,551 12.4% 4 505,732 758,598 675,173 0.92%
33 33   Arkansas 3,013,825 2,915,918 3.4% 4 502,304 753,456 728,990 0.91%
34 32   Mississippi 2,986,530 2,967,297 0.6% 4 497,755 746,633 742,026 0.90%
35 34   Kansas 2,911,505 2,853,118 2.0% 4 485,251 727,876 713,280 0.88%
36 37   New Mexico 2,095,428 2,059,179 1.8% 3 419,086 698,476 686,393 0.63%
37 39   Nebraska 1,929,268 1,826,341 5.6% 3 385,854 643,089 608,780 0.58%
38 38   West Virginia 1,805,832 1,852,994 -2.5% 3 361,166 601,944 617,670 0.55%
39 40   Idaho 1,754,208 1,567,582 11.9% 2 438,552 877,104 783,826 0.53%
40 41   Hawaii 1,420,491 1,360,301 4.4% 2 355,123 710,246 680,151 0.43%
41 43   New Hampshire 1,356,458 1,316,470 3.0% 2 339,115 678,229 658,233 0.41%
42 42   Maine 1,338,404 1,328,361 0.8% 2 334,601 669,202 664,181 0.40%
43 45   Montana 1,062,305 989,415 7.4% 1 354,102 1,062,305 989,417 0.32%
44 44   Rhode Island 1,057,315 1,052,567 0.5% 2 264,329 528,658 526,466 0.32%
45 46   Delaware 967,171 897,934 7.7% 1 322,390 967,171 897,936 0.29%
46 47   South Dakota 882,235 814,180 8.4% 1 294,078 882,235 814,191 0.27%
47 49    North Dakota 760,077 672,591 13.0% 1 253,359 760,077 672,591 0.23%
48 48   Alaska 737,438 710,231 3.8% 1 245,813 737,438 710,249 0.22%
51   District of Columbia 702,455 601,723 16.7% 1 ( non-voting) 234,152 0.21%
49 50   Vermont 626,299 625,741 0.09% 1 208,766 626,299 625,745 0.19%
50 52   Wyoming 577,737 563,626 2.5% 1 192,579 577,737 563,767 0.17%
53   Guam 165,718 [7] 159,358 [8] 4.0% 1 ( non-voting) 0.05%
54   U.S. Virgin Islands 104,914 [9] 106,405 [10] -1.4% 1 ( non-voting) 0.03%
55   American Samoa 55,641 [11] 55,519 [12] 0.22% 1 ( non-voting) 0.02%
56   Northern Mariana Islands 55,194 [13] 53,883 [14] 2.4% 1 ( non-voting) 0.02%
Contiguous United States 325,009,505 306,675,006 6.0% 432 (+ 1 non-voting) 748,977 708,285 98.05%
The fifty states 326,464,979 308,143,815 5.9% 435 747,184 708,405 98.71%
Fifty states + District of Columbia 327,167,434 308,745,538 6.0% 435 (+ 1 non-voting) 608,118 98.92%
Total U.S. (including District of Columbia and territories) 330,744,054 312,846,492 5.7% 435 (+ 6 non-voting) 100.00%
  1. ^ This figure for each state compares to a national increase of 5.50%.
  2. ^ Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to two more than its number of representatives in the U.S. House, while DC is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  3. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and District of Columbia
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/federal district/territory/
Division/region
Rank 2018
population
Rank 2010
population
Rank 2000
population
Rank 2000-
2010
change
Geographic
sort
  Massachusetts 15 6,902,149 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
  Connecticut 29 3,572,665 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
  New Hampshire 41 1,356,458 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
  Maine 42 1,338,404 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
  Rhode Island 44 1,057,315 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
  Vermont 49 626,299 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
        New England 9 14,853,290 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
  New York 4 19,542,209 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
  Pennsylvania 5 12,807,060 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
  New Jersey 11 8,908,520 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
        Mid-Atlantic 4 41,257,789 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
        Northeast 4 56,111,079 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
  Florida 3 21,299,325 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
  Georgia 8 10,519,475 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
  North Carolina 9 10,383,620 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
  Virginia 12 8,517,685 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
  Maryland 19 6,042,718 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
  South Carolina 23 5,084,127 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
  West Virginia 38 1,805,832 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
  Delaware 45 967,171 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
  District of Columbia -- 702,455 -- 601,723 -- 572,059 -- 5.2% SAtl
        South Atlantic 1 64,619,953 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
  Tennessee 16 6,770,010 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
  Alabama 24 4,887,871 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
  Kentucky 26 4,468,402 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
  Mississippi 34 2,986,530 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
        East South Central 8 19,112,813 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
  Texas 2 28,701,845 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
  Louisiana 25 4,659,978 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
  Oklahoma 28 3,943,079 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
  Arkansas 33 3,013,825 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
        West South Central 5 40,318,727 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
        South 1 124,051,493 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
  Illinois 6 12,741,080 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
  Ohio 7 11,689,442 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
  Michigan 10 9,995,915 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
  Indiana 17 6,691,878 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
  Wisconsin 20 5,813,568 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
        East North Central 3 46,931,883 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
  Missouri 18 6,126,452 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
  Minnesota 22 5,611,179 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
  Iowa 31 3,156,145 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
  Kansas 35 2,911,505 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
  Nebraska 37 1,929,268 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
  South Dakota 46 882,235 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
   North Dakota 47 760,077 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
        West North Central 7 21,376,861 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
        Midwest 3 68,308,744 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
  Arizona 14 7,171,646 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
  Colorado 21 5,695,564 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
  Utah 30 3,161,105 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
  Nevada 32 3,034,392 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
  New Mexico 36 2,095,428 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
  Idaho 39 1,754,208 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
  Montana 43 1,062,305 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
  Wyoming 50 577,737 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
        Mountain 6 24,552,385 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
  California 1 39,557,045 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
  Washington 13 7,535,591 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
  Oregon 27 4,190,713 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
  Hawaii 40 1,420,491 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
  Alaska 48 737,438 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
        Pacific 2 53,441,278 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
        West 2 77,993,663 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
  50 states and District of Columbia -- 327,167,434 -- 308,745,538 -- 281,421,906 -- 9.7% NAmer
  Puerto Rico 1 3,195,153 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
  Guam 2 [note 1] 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
  American Samoa 4 [note 1] 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
  Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
        Total Territories -- [note 1] -- 4,100,954 -- 4,198,539 -- -2.3% USA
  1. ^ a b c d e There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

See also

References

General
  • "National Totals: Vintage 2015". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  • "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  • "2010 Apportionment Population", U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2011
  • "2009 Census estimates". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  • Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1995, U.S. Census Bureau, Section 29: Outlying Areas, Table No. 1347. Land Area and Population Characteristics, by [Outlying] Area: 1990 (page 828). Retrieved May 28, 2011
Specific
  1. ^ Template:Webref
  2. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13.[ permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13.[ permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018" (XLSX). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  6. ^ "Resident Population Data: Population Change". United States Census Bureau. December 23, 2010. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2010.
  7. ^ http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/guam-population/
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-24. Retrieved 2010-09-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)
  9. ^ "U.S. Virgin Islands Population (2018) - Worldometers". www.worldometers.info.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-12-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)
  11. ^ "American Samoa Population (2018) - Worldometers". www.worldometers.info.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-09-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)
  13. ^ http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/northern-mariana-islands-population/
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2012-03-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)

External links