List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States Article

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As of 2012, there are 556 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States, with the addition of the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area. [1] Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest refuge replaces the Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania. [2] [3]

The United States is divided into eight regions for administrative purposes:

  • Alaska Region (Region 7)


AL | AK | AS | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | GU | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | MP | OH | OK | OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UM | UT | VT | VI | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

Alabama

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge [4] Alabama 1980 6,816 acres (27.58 km2)
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge Alabama September 25, 2002 2,997 acres (12.13 km2) [5]
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1964 4,218 acres (17.07 km2)
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1964 11,184 acres (45.26 km2) [6]
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1981 199 acres (0.81 km2)
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama January 3, 1997 1,060 acres (4.3 km2) [7]
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge Alabama May 29, 2003 9,016 acres (36.49 km2)
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1978 264 acres (1.07 km2)
Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1980 24 acres (0.097 km2)
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1938 35,000 acres (140 km2) [8]

Alaska

Map of National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [9] 3,421,420 acres (13,846.0 km2)
Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 3,574,259 acres (14,464.51 km2)
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 6, 1960 [10] 19,287,042 acres (78,051.89 km2)
Becharof National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [11] 1,200,419.52 acres (4,857.9254 km2)
Innoko National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [12] 3,850,800.94 acres (15,583.6385 km2)
Izembek National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [13] 315,000 acres (1,270 km2)
Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [14] 1,637,000 acres (6,620 km2)
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 [14] 1,912,470.47 acres (7,739.4934 km2) [15]
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska August 19, 1941 [16] 1,880,891.52 acres (7,611.6979 km2) [15]
Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 3,550,159.96 acres (14,366.9876 km2) [15]
Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 1,560,239.99 acres (6,314.0672 km2) [15]
Selawik National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 2,150,561.94 acres (8,703.0154 km2) [15]
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 700,286.95 acres (2,833.9607 km2) [15]
Togiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 4,104,246.80 acres (16,609.2975 km2) [15]
Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 19,226,606.25 acres (77,807.3150 km2) [15]
Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 8,636,951.06 acres (34,952.5009 km2) [15]

American Samoa

Arizona

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge [4] Arizona 1993 [17] 6,105 acres (24.71 km2)
Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1985 117,107 acres (473.92 km2)
Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 860,010 acres (3,480.3 km2)
Cibola National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1964 16,627 acres (67.29 km2)
Havasu National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 37,515 acres (151.82 km2)
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 25,768 acres (104.28 km2) [18]
Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 665,400 acres (2,693 km2)
Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1988 2,770 acres (11.2 km2)
San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1982 2,309 acres (9.34 km2)

Arkansas

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge White County, Arkansas 1993 15,022 acres (60.79 km2) [19]
Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge Mississippi County, Arkansas 1915 11,038 acres (44.67 km2) [20]
Cache River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1986 67,500 acres (273 km2) [21]
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1970 64,902 acres (262.65 km2)
Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge Pope and Yell Counties, Arkansas 1957 7,057 acres (28.56 km2) [22]
Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas March 14, 1989 123 acres (0.50 km2) [23]
Overflow National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1980 13,973 acres (56.55 km2) [24]
Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1994 27,300 acres (110 km2)
Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge Crittenden County, Arkansas January 1961 5,484 acres (22.19 km2)
White River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1935 160,756 acres (650.56 km2)

California

Colorado

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa, Conejos and Costilla County, Colorado 1993 11,169 acres (45.20 km2) [25]
Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County, Colorado 1967 23,464 acres (94.96 km2) [26]
Baca National Wildlife Refuge Saguache and Alamosa County, Colorado 2003 78,697 acres (318.48 km2)
Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge Moffat County, Colorado 1965 12,150 acres (49.2 km2) [27]
Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa and Rio Grande County, Colorado 1953 14,800 acres (60 km2) [27]
Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado July 12, 2007 3,953 acres (16.00 km2)
Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge Adams County, Colorado 1992 15,988 acres (64.70 km2)
Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado 1992 72.2 acres (0.292 km2)

Connecticut

Delaware

District of Columbia

  • None

Florida

Florida uses an administrative complex grouping system to manage two to several refuges, wildlife management areas or other refuge conservation areas. The grouped areas may be located in a similar ecological region, watershed, ecosystem, share other related purposes, or management goals.

Georgia

Guam

Hawaiʻi

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Northern Mariana Islands

  • None

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Puerto Rico

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

U.S. Minor Outlying Islands

Map of the Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands

Utah

Vermont

Virgin Islands (U.S.)

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge Tucker County 11 July 1994 16,613.44 acres (67.2322 km2)
Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge Ohio River 1990 2,664.54 acres (10.7830 km2)

Wisconsin

Wyoming

See also

List of largest National Wildlife Refuges

References

  1. ^ Live Science: New US Wildlife Refuge Established in Florida- Retrieved 2017-12-25
  2. ^ USFWS, David Eisenhauer,. "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Establish National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania, National Wildlife Refuge System". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ "National Wildlife Refuge System". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b "About the Refuge - Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). FWS. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Eufala National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Key Cave". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Wheeler Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Refuge History - Becharof - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Statistical Data Tables for Fish & Wildlife Service Lands (as of 9/30/2017)" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 Mar 2018.
  17. ^ "About the Refuge - Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  18. ^ "About the Refuge". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  19. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bldcon.pdf
  20. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bglcon.pdf
  21. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/checon.pdf
  22. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/hlbcon.pdf
  23. ^ 404-679-7292, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Debbie Young,. "Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  24. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/ovfcon.pdf
  25. ^ "About the Refuge - Alamosa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  26. ^ "About the Refuge - Arapaho - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  27. ^ a b "About the Refuge - Browns Park - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  28. ^ FWS: Crystal River Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-26
  29. ^ J.N. 'Ding' Darling NWR Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-26
  30. ^ Merritt Island NWR Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-25
  31. ^ Everglades Headwaters NWR Complex-Retrieved 2017-12-25
  32. ^ Florida Keys National Wildlife Refuges Complex- Retrieved 2017-12-27

US Fish and Wildlife Service list of National Wildlife Refuges