List of lighthouses in the United States Information (Geography)

From Wikipedia
  (Redirected from Lighthouses in the United States)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouses_in_the_United_States

Table of Contents ⇨
Boston Light, the oldest light station and second oldest lighthouse structure in the USA.
Charleston Light, the last manned lighthouse built on shore in the United States

This is a list of lighthouses in the United States. The United States has had approximately a thousand lights as well as light towers, range lights, and pier head lights. Michigan has the most lights of any state with over 150 past and present lights. Lighthouses that are in former U.S. territories are not listed here.

Most of the lights in the United States have been built and maintained by the Coast Guard (since 1939) and its predecessors, the United States Lighthouse Service (1910–1939) and the United States Lighthouse Board (1852–1910). Before the Lighthouse Board was established, local collectors of customs were responsible for lighthouses under Stephen Pleasonton. As their importance to navigation has declined and as public interest in them has increased, the Coast Guard has been handing over ownership and in some cases responsibility for running them to other parties, the chief of them being the National Park Service under the National Historic Lighthouse Preservation Act of 2000.

  • Note: Click on the state of your choice in the tables below to link you to lighthouses in that state.
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML ·  GPX

New England

Boon Island Light in Maine is the tallest in New England
State Tallest [1] ( H) Shortest [1] (H) Oldest [2]
(Currently standing)
Maine 133 Boon Island Light
133 ft (41 m)
020 Pond Island Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1791 Portland Head Light
(1791) [3]
Massachusetts 124 Cape Ann Light
124 ft (38 m)
Disputed A 1783 Boston Light
(1783) [4]
New Hampshire 058 Isles of Shoals Light
58 ft (18 m)
048 Portsmouth Harbor Light
48 ft (15 m)
1865Isles of Shoals Light
(1859) [5]
Rhode Island 066 Sakonnet Light
66 ft (20 m)
013 Ida Lewis Rock Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1831 Poplar Point Light
(1831) [6]
Connecticut 089 New London Harbor Light
89 ft (27 m) [7]
025 Mystic Seaport Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1801New London Harbor Light
(1801) [7]
Vermont 040 Windmill Point Light
40 ft (12 m)
013 Whipple Point Light
13 ft (4.0 m)
1846 Juniper Island Light
(1846) [2]

New Hampshire

The state of New Hampshire only has two lighthouses both of which are located along the Atlantic coastline.

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New Hampshire". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Isles of Shoals Light Lighthouse on the Rock.jpg Isles of Shoals 42°58′02″N 70°37′23″W / 42.96722°N 70.62306°W / 42.96722; -70.62306 (Isles of Shoals Light) 1859 1987 Active VLB-44 LED unit 82 ft (25 m)
Portsmouth Harbor Light Portsmouth Harbor Lighthouse.jpg New Castle 43°04′15″N 70°42′30″W / 43.07083°N 70.70833°W / 43.07083; -70.70833 (Portsmouth Harbor Light) 1878 1960 Active Fourth order Fresnel 48 ft (15 m)

Vermont

"Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Vermont". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.

  • Note: All entries here show the current tower's status, more details can be found in the lighthouse articles
Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Focal Height
Burlington Breakwater North Light Burlington Breakwater North VT.JPG Burlington 44°28′50″N 73°13′47.2″W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778
LIGHTHOUSES IN THE UNITED STATES Latitude and Longitude:

44°28′50″N 73°13′47.2″W / 44.48056°N 73.229778°W / 44.48056; -73.229778
1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 035 35 ft (11 m)
Burlington Breakwater South Light Burlington Breakwater South VT.JPG Burlington 44°28′12.1″N 73°13′32.4″W / 44.470028°N 73.225667°W / 44.470028; -73.225667 1857
(Original)
2003
(Current)
2003
(Replica)
Active Unknown 012 12 ft (3.7 m)
Colchester Reef Light Colchester reef light nps.jpg Shelburne 44°22′31″N 73°13′53″W / 44.3753°N 73.2314°W / 44.3753; -73.2314 1871 Never 1933 None 035 35 ft (11 m)
Isle La Motte Light ILMLight.jpg Isle La Motte 44°54′23″N 73°20′37″W / 44.9065°N 73.3435°W / 44.9065; -73.3435 1856
(Original)
1881
(Current)
Unknown Unknown 300mm 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Juniper Island Light N/A South Burlington 44°27′00″N 73°16′35″W / 44.4500°N 73.2763°W / 44.4500; -73.2763 1826
(Original)
1846
(Current)
Never 1954 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)
Maxfield Point Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 40 ft (12 m)
Newport Wharf Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown Unknown None 025 37 ft (11 m)
Windmill Point Light N/A Isle La Motte 44°58′54″N 73°20′30″W / 44.9818°N 73.3418°W / 44.9818; -73.3418 1830
(Original)
1858
(Current)
Unknown Active
(Inactive: 1931-2002)
300 mm 025 40 ft (12 m)
Whipple Point Light N/A Orleans Unknown 1879 Unknown 1906 None 025 25 ft (7.6 m)

Mid-Atlantic

Sandy Hook Lighthouse is the oldest still standing in the United States.
State Tallest [1] ( H) Shortest [1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
New York 168 Fire Island Lighthouse
168 ft (51 m) [8] B
015 Cape Vincent Light
15 ft (4.6 m)
1797 Montauk Point Light
(1797) [9]
New Jersey 171 Absecon Light
171 ft (52 m) [10]
036 Ludlam's Beach Light
36 ft (11 m)
1764 Sandy Hook Light
(1764) [11]
Pennsylvania 068 Presque Isle Light
68 ft (21 m)
030 Turtle Rock Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1857 Erie Harbor Light
(1857)
Delaware 120 Liston Range Rear Light
120 ft (37 m) [12]
035 Cherry Island Light
35 ft (11 m)
1858 Fenwick Island Light
(1858) [13]
Maryland 105 Craighill Channel L.R.R.
105 ft (32 m) [14]
015 Craighill Channel U.R.F.
15 ft (4.6 m) [15]
1825 Pooles Island Light
(1825) [16]

Midwest

Michigan has more lighthouses (still standing) than any other state with over 120 listed. Including historical lighthouse, there were 150 built. [17] ( Tawas Point Light shown here)
State Tallest [1] ( H) Shortest [1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Illinois 113 Grosse Point Light
113 ft (34 m)
035 Waukegan Harbor Light
35 ft (11 m)
1873Grosse Point Light
(1873)
Indiana 055Buffington Breakwater Light
55 ft (17 m)
030Gary Breakwater Light
30 ft (9.1 m)
1858 Old Michigan City Light
(1858) [18]
Michigan 124 White Shoal Light
121 ft (37 m)
025 Cheboygan Crib Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1825 Fort Gratiot Light
(1825) [19]
Minnesota 070 Duluth South Breakwater I.L.
70 ft (21 m)
034 Grand Marais Light
34 ft (10 m)
1892 Two Harbors Light
(1892) [20] C
Nebraska 100 Linoma Lighthouse
100 ft (30 m)
055 Lake Minatare Light
55 ft (17 m)
N/A
Ohio 161 Northwood Light
161 ft (49 m) [21]
020 Port Clinton Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1821 Marblehead Light
(1821) [22]
Wisconsin 111 Rawley Point Light
111 ft (34 m)
021 Baileys Harbor Front RL
21 ft (6.4 m) [23]
1853 Baileys Harbor Light
(1853) D

Nebraska

The state of Nebraska has at least two faux lighthouses which were first lit in 1939. There is no evidence that either were used for navigational purposes as the state has no large bodies of water that would require the need. Linoma Lighthouse is located on a privately owned recreation area which was developed around an artificial lake, while Lake Minatare Lighthouse was "built to simulate a lighthouse". Also of note is a faux lighthouse called Rock Garden Lighthouse (not listed below) which is located in Kearney. [1] [2]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Height
Linoma Lighthouse Linoma Beach 2.jpg Gretna 41°3′44″N 96°19′8″W / 41.06222°N 96.31889°W / 41.06222; -96.31889 1939 Always Active Decorative 100 100 ft (30 m)
Lake Minatare Lighthouse Lake Minatare Lighthouse.jpg Scottsbluff 41°55′50″N 103°30′05″W / 41.93056°N 103.50139°W / 41.93056; -103.50139 1939 Always Active Decorative 055 55 ft (17 m)

Pacific (states)

Clover Island Lighthouse (built 2010), in Washington is the first to be built in the United States since 1962. [24]
State Tallest [1] ( H) Shortest [1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Alaska 075 Cape Decision Light
75 ft (23 m)
020 Point Sherman Light
20 ft (6.1 m) E
1906 Eldred Rock Light
(1906) [25]
Washington 107 Grays Harbor Light
107 ft (33 m)
020 Turn Point Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1856 Cape Disappointment
(1856)
Oregon 093 Yaquina Head Light
93 ft (28 m) [26]
025 Warrior Rock Light
25 ft (7.6 m)
1870 Cape Blanco Light
(1870)
California 115 Pigeon Point Light
Point Arena Light
115 ft (35 m) F
020 Lime Point Light
20 ft (6.1 m)
1855 Point Pinos Light
(1855)
Hawaii 138 Moloka'i Light
138 ft (42 m)
022 Kuki'i Point Light
22 ft (6.7 m)
1909 Moloka'i Light
(1909) G

South

America's tallest lighthouse, Cape Hatteras Light, located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. B
State Tallest [1] ( H) Shortest [1] (H) Oldest
(Currently standing)
Alabama 131 Sand Island Light
131 ft (40 m) [27]
054 Middle Bay Light
54 ft (16 m) [28]
1873Sand Island Light
(1873)
Florida 175 Ponce de Leon Light
175 ft (53 m)
023 Cedar Key Light
23 ft (7.0 m) [29]
1838 Amelia Island Light
(1838)
Georgia 145 Tybee Island Light
145 ft (44 m) [30]
046 Cockspur Island Light
46 ft (14 m)
1820 Sapelo Island Light
(1820)
Louisiana Unknown Unknown 1852 Pass A L'Outre Light
(1852) H
Mississippi 061 Biloxi Light
61 ft (19 m)
030 Tie
30 ft (9.1 m) I
1848Biloxi Light
(1848)
North Carolina 210 Cape Hatteras Light
210 ft (64 m)
N/A 1817 Bald Head Light
(1817)
South Carolina 161 Morris Island Light
161 ft (49 m)
018 Haig Point F. R. Light
18 ft (5.5 m)
1827 Cape Romain Light (Old)
(1827)
Texas 116 Point Bolivar Light
116 ft (35 m)
N/A 1852 Point Isabel Light
(1852)
Virginia 191 Cape Charles Light
191 ft (58 m)
1855</

span> Deepwater Shoals Light
(1855)

1792 Cape Henry Lighthouse
(1792)


United States territories

One of only two remaining lighthouses built during Japanese occupation.

United States Minor Outlying Islands

This table lists lighthouses that are in insular areas of the United States. All of the islands listed below are uninhabited, and have not been formerly incorporated into the country. [31] [32] [33]

Name Image Location Coordinates Year first lit Automated Year deactivated Current Lens Height
Baker Island Light Baker Islands Tower (14571847073).jpg Baker Island 0°11′44.8″N 176°29′03.4″W / 0.195778°N 176.484278°W / 0.195778; -176.484278 1935 Never 1942 None 016 16 ft (4.9 m)
Howland Island Light
(aka: Earhart Light)
Earhart Light.jpg Howland Island 0°48′20.6″N 176°37′08.6″W / 0.805722°N 176.619056°W / 0.805722; -176.619056 1937 Never 1942 None 020 20 ft (6.1 m)
Jarvis Island Light Jarvis Island October 2003.jpg Jarvis Island 0°22′13.6″S 160°00′24.1″W / 0.370444°S 160.006694°W / -0.370444; -160.006694 1935 Never 1945 None 016 16 ft (4.9 m)
Navassa Island Light NavassaLighthouse.jpg Navassa Island 18°23′50.7″N 75°00′46.2″W / 18.397417°N 75.012833°W / 18.397417; -75.012833 1917 1929 1996 None 161 161 ft (49 m)
Sand Island Aviation Light N/A Midway Atoll 28°12′42.7″N 177°22′36.4″W / 28.211861°N 177.376778°W / 28.211861; -177.376778 Unknown Unknown Active Unknown 046 46 ft (14 m)
Wake Island Aviation Light N/A Wake Island 19°17′02.0″N 166°39′05.2″E / 19.283889°N 166.651444°E / 19.283889; 166.651444 Unknown Unknown Active Unknown 052 52 ft (16 m)

See also

Further reading

Notes

A. ^ The shortest lighthouse in Massachusetts is either Palmer Island Light at 24 ft (7.3 m), or Brant Point Light at 26 ft (7.9 m). Sources remain split on this issue with at least one claiming the latter as the shortest in New England. [34] [35] [36] [37]
B. ^ The Perry Monument in Ohio, and the Statue of Liberty in New York City are not classified as lighthouses. They would come in as the two tallest lighthouses in the United States otherwise. [1] [38]
C. ^ Minnesota Point Light was built in 1858, but only half of the now ruined tower remains. [39]
D. ^ The oldest light station is Pottawatomie Light which was established in 1836, the current buildings though date to 1858. [40]
E. ^ The shortest height is for a skeletal tower which was placed in 1981. For "traditional" lighthouses, Point Retreat Light and Cape Spencer Light are tied at 25 ft (7.6 m) each.
F. ^ These two lighthouses are tied at 115 ft (35 m) each.
G. ^ The oldest lighthouse in Hawaii was called "Lahaina lighthouse", which was built in 1905 before it was replaced. [41] Moloka'i Light is the oldest currently standing lighthouse, it was first lit a month before the still standing Makapuu Point Light. [42] [43]
H. ^ Pass A L'Outre Light was originally constructed in 1852 elsewhere and moved to its present location. [44] [45]
I. ^ Cat Island Light (First tower), Pass Christian Light, and Ship Island Light were all 30 feet tall.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Lighthouse Listing By Tower height". www.us-lighthouses.com. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "The Oldest Lighthouse in Each New England State". New England Historical Society. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  3. ^ RJ Heller (May 8, 2018). "Fog and lighthouse as mother and father". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  4. ^ "Oldest U.S. lighthouse, the Boston Light, celebrates 300 years". Accociated Press via Navy Times. September 14, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  5. ^ "Isles of Shoals (White Island) Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  6. ^ "Lighthouses of Rhode Island MPS (PDF pages 46-50)" (PDF). Rhode Island Preservation. Retrieved 2014-11-10.
  7. ^ a b Susan Hodara (15 August 2014). "Taking In the History of New London, a City Shaped by the Sea". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Marlo Jappen (July 22, 2015). "Secrets of the Fire Island Lighthouse". Newsday. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  9. ^ Unknown Author (March 11, 2011). Lighthouses of the Mid-Atlantic Coast. Voyageur Press. p. 145. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  10. ^ Linda J. Barth (June 25, 2018). New Jersey Originals: Technological Marvels, Odd Inventions, Trailblazing Characters & More. Arcadia Publishing. p. 86. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  11. ^ Francis Ross Holland (January 1, 1988). America's Lighthouses. Courier Corporation. p. 11. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  12. ^ "Liston Range Rear Light, DE". Kraig Anderson. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  13. ^ Unknown Author (March 11, 2011). Lighthouses of the Mid-Atlantic Coast. Voyageur Press. p. 149. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  14. ^ "Craighill Channel Lower Rear Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  15. ^ "Historic Light Station Information & Photography Maryland". United States Coast Guard. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  16. ^ "Lighthouses of the United States: Maryland Western Shore". www.unc.edu. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
  17. ^ "No two lighthouses are alike". Tri County Times. June 29, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  18. ^ "Old Lighthouse Museum oldest in Indiana". The Michigan City News Dispatch. August 14, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  19. ^ "Fort Gratiot Lighthouse". PH Museum. Archived from the original on March 19, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  20. ^ Martin Hintz (2003). Minnesota Family Weekends. Big Earth Publishing. p. 78. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  21. ^ "Northwood, OH". Lighthouse Friends. Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  22. ^ "Marblehead Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  23. ^ Ken Wardius, and Barb Wardius (2000). Wisconsin Lighthouses: A Photographic & Historical Guide. Big Earth Publishing. p. 72. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  24. ^ Kennewick's Clover Island Lighthouse gets its lid Published 2010-01-07
  25. ^ "Eldred Rock Lighthouse". Sheldon Museum. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  26. ^ "Yaquina Head Lighthouse". Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
  27. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Sand Island". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
  28. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Mobile Middle Bay". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
  29. ^ "Inventory of Historic Lighthouses - Cedar Keys". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
  30. ^ Tybee Lighthouse website
  31. ^ U:S: Pacific remote Islands The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 6 November 2016
  32. ^ Navassa Island The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 6 November 2016
  33. ^ NGA List of Lights – Pub.111 Retrieved 6 November 2016
  34. ^ "Palmer Island, MA". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  35. ^ "Palmer Island Light Station". National Park Service. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  36. ^ Ray Bartlett (June 14, 2016). Moon Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard & Nantucket. Avalon Publishing. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  37. ^ Amy Jenness (October 7, 2014). On This Day in Nantucket History. Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  38. ^ Dave Wobser. "Perry's Memorial Monument". lighthouse.boatnerd.com. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  39. ^ "Minnesota Point, MN". LighthouseFriends. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  40. ^ "Pottawatomie (Rock Island) Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  41. ^ "Lahaina Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  42. ^ "Makapu`u Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  43. ^ "Moloka`i (Kalaupapa) Lighthouse". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  44. ^ Lighthouse Board; Homans, Isaac Smith (November 24, 1856). Northeast Pass Lighthouse; Mouths of the Mississippi River. Hunt's Merchants' Magazine and Commercial Review. 36. p. 367. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
  45. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Louisiana". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved September 5, 2017.

External links

General

Great Lakes